Italian '75' Spotlight, Alpine Front
An Italian '75' Spotlight on the Alpine front, used to illuminate the mountains at night to prevent surprise attacks.
Cortina d'Ampezzo (Italian pronunciation: [korˈtiːna damˈpɛttso] Ladin: Anpezo, Ampëz Venetian: Cortina d'Anpezo Historical German: Hayden), commonly referred to as Cortina, is a town and comune in the heart of the southern (Dolomitic) Alps in the Veneto region of Northern Italy. Situated on the Boite river, in an alpine valley, it is a winter sport resort known for its skiing trails, scenery, accommodation, shops and après-ski scene, and for its jet set and Italian aristocratic crowd.
In the Middle Ages, Ampezzo fell under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Aquileia and of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1420 it was conquered by the Republic of Venice. It then spent much of its history under Habsburg rule, briefly undergoing some territorial changes under Napoleon, before being returned to the Austrian Empire (later Austria-Hungary), who held it until 1918. From the nineteenth century, Ampezzo became a notable regional centre for crafts. The local handmade products were appreciated by early British and German holidaymakers as tourism emerged late nineteenth century. Among the specializations of the town were crafting wood for furniture, the production of tiled stoves and iron, copper and glass items.
Today, the local economy thrives on tourism, particularly during the winter season, when the population of the town typically increases from about 7,000 to 40,000. The Basilica Minore dei Santi Filippo e Giacomo was built between 1769 and 1775 on the site of two former thirteenth and sixteenth-century churches it is home to the parish and the deanery of Cortina d'Ampezzo. The town also contains the Rinaldo Zardini Palaeontology Museum, established in 1975, the Mario Rimoldi Modern Art Museum, and the Regole of Ampezzo Ethnographic Museum.
Although Cortina was unable to go ahead with the scheduled 1944 Winter Olympics because of World War II, it hosted the Winter Olympics in 1956 and subsequently a number of world winter-sports events. Cortina will host the Winter Olympics for a second time when it co-hosts the 2026 Winter Olympics with Milan. The town is home to SG Cortina, a top league professional ice hockey team, and Cortina is also the start and end point of the annual Dolomites Gold Cup Race. Several films have been shot in the town, mostly notably The Pink Panther (1963), For Your Eyes Only (1981) and Cliffhanger (1993).
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Alpine Parts & Accessories
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We know that you would rather be riding and that's why we keep all of our parts in stock and ready to ship the same day, so you get what you need faster. Dennis Kirk has been the leader in the powersports industry since 1969, so you can rest assured that we have your back when it comes to outfitting your Ski Doo Alpine with the right snowmobile parts and accessories. With our no-hassle return policy and free shipping on all orders over $89, you can buy with confidence!
30-Watt LED Dusk to Dawn Flood Light with Motion Sensor (Set of 2)
Rated 5 out of 5 stars. 6 total votes
This 3-head LED outdoor security light is the perfect lighting device for your exterior living space. Design with durable and rugged housing, this outdoor light can resist weather, UV, and erosion. It provides you a long-lasting and stable lighting performance. Note: The detection range may vary with the installation height and the dimension of objects that the motion sensor detects.
- Adult Assembly Required: No
- Overall Product Weight: 2.24lb.
- Country of Origin: China
In the Spotlight: Alpine Waste & Recycling
Alpine Waste & Recycling (Commerce City, CO) was founded in 1999, serving Aurora, CO, with a single truck. By the mid-2000s, Alpine Waste & Recycling grew to not only have more than 75 employees and over 30 trucks, but it also began annually appearing on a local business magazine’s list of fastest-growing companies. In 2007, Alpine opened its Altogether Recycling® plant, and the company reached a milestone of 2,000 individual commercial accounts.
Today, Alpine Waste & Recycling has 230 employees, 94 waste collection trucks, and revenues of more than $40 million, with operations in four key areas: waste collection, landfill, recycling and composting. The recycling plant processes 8,200 tons of material per month, composed of all traditional recyclables plus gable-top boxes, mixed rigid plastics and now polystyrene (packaging material, egg cartons, meat trays, etc.).
Serving the Colorado Front Range with its waste collection operations from Fort Collins to Castle Rock, and as far as 35 miles east of Denver to its landfill near Bennett, CO, Alpine Waste & Recycling’s services cover 16 counties. Additionally, they collect recycling from areas as far-flung as the Western Slope, southern Colorado, Rocky Mountain ski towns, and even Wyoming to the north and Nebraska to the east.
An Upward Growth Curve
Alpine Waste & Recycling has continued its amazing growth with a 15 percent projected annual increase in revenues for 2015, and the company recently placed an order for its 100th waste collection vehicle. About half of that fleet runs on environmentally friendly compressed natural gas. While the depressed value of recyclables has challenged its recycling division, and although the tight labor market has expanded payroll costs, the company remains committed to growth in all aspects of the business, relying on its message of superior customer service and environmental responsibility. Four significant new accounts (including Denver International Airport) have kept Alpine Waste & Recycling on its growth trend line and the company projects revenue increases of at least 13 percent in 2016.
John Griffith, President of Alpine Waste & Recycling, points out that the three biggest challenges they have encountered are the recent recession, fluctuating recyclable markets and the competitive landscape. “We got through the recession by managing our finances in a conservative manner, keeping in mind that our customers would have to find a way to dispose of its trash and recyclables no matter what the financial conditions. We just had to remind them that they would receive the most personal customer service with Alpine. While we knew we just had to be patient to outlast the recession, we similarly understood we needed to exercise patience and conserve spending to get through the troughs within the recyclable material valuations. Those dips are built into our long-term business model, and we will weather them.”
Because the competition in the Denver area is intense, Griffith explains that some waste and recycling companies have greater resources than others, allowing them to undercut Alpine Waste & Recycling’s sales efforts when dealing with clients who are focused almost exclusively on price. However, the company constantly re-emphasizes its superior customer service and recognizes that Alpine might not be the right company for everyone—just those who value outstanding customer service, the broadest spectrum of waste diversion services, and leading-edge technology used to provide those services.
Currently, Alpine Waste & Recycling’s greatest test is an ongoing effort to persuade Colorado businesses and residents to divert increasing amounts of their waste into the recycling stream. Colorado has traditionally lagged the nation’s average rate of diversion, in some cases recycling only a third of the amount that other, more recycling-conscious states have managed to recycle. One headwind is the relatively low cost of (and high availability of) rural real estate in Colorado, which translates into lower landfill fees. “We know we have to join the rest of the nation in educating residents about the importance of waste diversion and the huge impact it has on the environment,” says Griffith. “At every opportunity, we make people aware of how much they are recycling individually and collectively, and how it compares with other locations around the country. We have also worked with municipalities that have sought ways to increase their waste diversion rate. Our Web site also lists some sample resources (electricity, water, trees, etc.) that our recycling has conserved, in hopes of motivating people to increase those numbers.”
Internal and Outreach Programs
When it comes to internal operations, Alpine Waste & Recycling has extensive job orientation, skills training and safety training for all appropriate personnel. Every new driver spends at least one month on the job under the mentorship of a senior-level person prior to any solo activity. The training also includes 40 hours of classroom and in-field sessions. Non-drivers/equipment operators also receive training in diversity awareness and workplace harassment issues. On top of the introductory classroom and a hands-on safety program provided for all new equipment operators, the company also requires that those employees engage in monthly refresher training.
On its community Web page, Alpine Waste & Recycling lists 19 organizations that the company supports in various ways, including in-kind service, volunteer commitments and direct cash donations (see Community Outreach sidebar). Some of the most prominent organizations with the most significant attachments include Firefly Autism, Delores Project, Blue Star Recyclers and Women’s Bean Project. Also, Alpine Waste & Recycling welcomes tour groups at its Altogether Recycling ® plant, and hundreds of school-age children receive an intense educational experience at the plant every year.
Commitment to Innovation
With the company’s consistent growth through even the most difficult economic climate and its record of non-stop innovation in the industry, Alpine Waste & Recycling has created good-paying jobs for the area and invested millions of dollars—most recently in the expansion of the recycling facility that increased capacity by 150 percent. While revenue growth has slowed somewhat from the earlier annual rates in the neighborhoods of 40 and even 50 percent, the compound average annual growth rate remains in the 30s over the past 16 years, and the most recent growth (in a relatively mature market) is at 15 percent.
The company’s commitment to a spirit of innovation began with the belief that a privately held company in Colorado could in fact build its own, successful single-stream recycling plant and attract third-party haulers to share the resource. “Most recently, Alpine became the first company in Colorado to accept polystyrene (Styrofoam ® ) into its single-stream operations,” says Griffith. In between, they were the first waste and recycling company in the state to use trucks fueled by compressed natural gas, the first in the state to accept mixed rigid plastics in the single stream, the first to accept gable-top boxes, the first to offer a complete package of waste-recycling-and-compost on a commercial basis, and the first to offer customers an Automated Sustainability Report TM (ASR). “The ASR is specific to each of our customers’ waste services, and is available to every customer it shows exactly how much material the customer was able to divert from the landfill by using Alpine’s suite of services. The report also shows the environmental impact of the customer’s activity.”
The Altogether Recycling ® Plant has been a particular focus of innovation, even beyond the types of materials that it receives. When the plant opened in 2007, it was the only privately held single-stream plant in Colorado. The recent expansion included a replacement of both balers (with one from Bollegraff and the other from Machinex) and those balers are arranged in the operation so that Alpine has complete redundancy to bale material from any material bunker. In other words, when one baler is down for maintenance or repair, the other baler takes over seamlessly.
Alpine Waste & Recycling’s East Regional Landfill, is located outside Bennett, CO, about 35 miles east of Denver and six miles east of Denver International Airport. It sits on 165 acres and accepted about 290,000 tons of waste material in 2015. Its multi-layer liner, leachate drainage system and network of monitoring wells and methane gas probes provide for stringent and ecologically sound site management. The Alpine composting facility is on 5.74 acres within the landfill campus, with a 4,000 square-foot concrete pad.
Looking to the Future
Alpine Waste & Recycling has outgrown two headquarter locations in its 16-year history, and the company is currently building a new 10-acre headquarters with a 21,000 square foot building, more centrally located to the important Interstate 25 corridor, which will include facilities for vehicle maintenance and a compressed natural gas fueling station. The company recently added four prominent major accounts to the list of commercial customers in addition to the hundred or so smaller ones it adds every year, and the goal is to add four more in 2016. Says Griffith “Our customers are not just customers—they become partners in our efforts to educate the public about the ways that Alpine’s services can create a healthier environment and, in turn, the business grows almost exponentially.” | WA
Springfield Trapdoor Officer Old WestSee More
The War Department needed to replace their excellent muzzle loading muskets with metallic cartridge rifles by the end of the American Civil War in 1865. By 1866 the first transformation of a muzzle loading musket to cartridge use appeared, and in 1868 the first “Trapdoor Rifle” was created. Further modified in 1870, and again three years later, a new rifle emerged. Chambered in 45-70, the revolutionary Springfield Trapdoor answered the call to duty.
Many rifles, and of many variations, were produced over the following twenty years basic Trapdoors for American Soldiers, smooth bored versions for cadets, target variations, and pieces destined specifically to Officers’ hands, including General George Armstrong Custer. The Springfield Trapdoor even served during the Spanish-American War of 1898 and 1899.
Davide Pedersoli Company is pleased to offer flawless reproductions of the three most historically significant models: the US Army Rifle (S.905), the US Cavalry Carbine (S.900), and the Officer’s Rifle (S.910), the latter equipped with a single set trigger, rear sight, and Creedmoor sight adjustable for both elevation and windage.
All Trapdoor reproductions from Davide Pedersoli follow the originals perfectly, blending traditional manufacturing handcraft with the state-of-the-art technology available in the twenty first century.
Deluxe (L) and Extra Deluxe (LL) versions are characterized by rich engravings which extend to the stock bands on the Extra Deluxe along with gold inlay.
Spotlight on search: Better and different, 3rd party apps
The two most common criticisms of Spotlight search are that it fails to find items which we believe are there, and that its searches return too many hits to let us locate the item that we want. There are many possible causes of failure to find, which I will examine in another article, but common to both criticisms is the need to find a replacement. This article looks at what’s available.
Before going any further, it’s important to establish that, in general, searching modern disks containing 500 GB or more of files, there’s nothing better than using an index. Grinding your way through a million or more files inspecting each for a string of characters inevitably takes a very long time, and is entirely dependant on gaining access to their contents. As there currently appears to be no alternative to Spotlight’s index, search tools which don’t use it are going to be at a severe disadvantage, both in terms of performance and coverage.
The free app EasyFind, by DEVONtechnologies, is Spotlight-free. Although content search doesn’t appear to be its primary purpose, it includes a simple set of controls which allow you to search for text in text-based files.
Thomas Tempelmann’s Find Any File (FAF), which costs around $/€/£ 6 direct or in the App Store is primarily a tool for searching file systems, but also throws in basic content search for free. It tackles this in an interest way, using Spotlight’s index first when that’s enabled and available, to return a quick set of hits, then makes its way steadily through its own content search, again primarily of text-based formats.
The result is a useful composite of hits achieved using both techniques, which is the best of both worlds. However, it doesn’t appear to support customised search of the Spotlight index, based for instance on specific metadata. In this case, it did search EXIF metadata, but doesn’t cover material stored in extended attributes, for instance.
HoudahSpot is more expensive, at around $/€/£ 34, and is the more powerful and sophisticated sibling to Tembo, which is slightly less than half the price. These are both entirely dependent on the Spotlight indexes, but provide a far superior interface which supports defaults, templates, logical combinations of criteria, multiple excluded locations – the list of features appears almost endless. For anyone fed up with the Finder’s steadily more puny front-end to Spotlight search, this should be your first choice.
It also has at least one unique feature: it can search Mail’s mailboxes in Catalina and Big Sur, something which Finder search no longer supports. If you’ve been frustrated with the weak facilities in the Mail app, HoudahSpot is again first choice.
Finally, I’m not going to look at Alfred, although it does provide a front end to Spotlight search. Alfred is a very different beast, and compelling in many other ways. HoudahSpot has an optional link to work with Alfred, which should be an interesting combination.
To test the efficacy of each search, I saved the term syzygy999 with a suffix such as a inside a modest surrounding document into eleven different locations:
- Five documents in RTF, PDF, plain text, HTML and Word docx formats.
- Two documents with the term saved in metadata, one in the EXIF Device data of a JPEG image, the other in the Keywords extended attribute of a plain text file.
- Two email messages, one in a Mail mailbox, the other in a Postbox mailbox.
- Two notes in the Notes app, one stored locally, the other in iCloud.
Test documents were stored in their own folder in
/Documents, the total size of which is 60 GB for 32,236 items, on the fast internal SSD of an iMac Pro. All apps were given Full Disk Access in the Privacy tab before use, although on this occasion I don’t think that any needed that for the tests.
All Spotlight searches were essentially instantaneous, but searching
/Documents in EasyFind took 21 seconds, and 37 seconds in Find Any File (that reduces to 27 seconds when using the latest beta-release).
Searching document contents was surprisingly troubled. Only FAF, with its combination of Spotlight and data inspection, found all the documents in the test set. Strangely, Spotlight, even when accessed through HoudahSpot, failed to find the search term in the RTF file, but found all the others. EasyFind performed worst of all, and only found the term in three files: RTF, plain text, and HTML. All three apps were able to search a folder in iCloud Drive as well as one in
Searching metadata also produced varying results. Spotlight (with or without HoudahSpot) was able to find a term saved in Keywords metadata (an extended attribute), but neither EasyFind nor FAF could. Spotlight and FAF (during its initial search phase) found the EXIF metadata, but EasyFind couldn’t.
The only method capable of searching Mail mailboxes is Spotlight accessed through HoudahSpot. To do this, you need to install HoudahSpot’s Mail plug-in, to have the Mail app open at the same time, and to use HoudahSpot’s template. None of the search methods was able to find content in local or iCloud Notes, nor in Postbox’s mailbox.
None of the search methods succeeded on all the tests. Searching Notes is only supported by the app’s own local search ‘Core Spotlight’, and only HoudahSpot proved able to search Mail’s mailboxes from outside the Mail app.
The apparent absence of RTF data in the Spotlight index is a problem which I’ve encountered before, in Catalina rather than Big Sur, and I suspect is the result of a bug in the RichText.mdimporter in macOS, although I have yet to follow this up more carefully. It illustrates the reliance of Spotlight on good harvesting of data for its indexes, and the fact that the user can’t work around such problems.
The only answer is to have all of these products: I now use HoudahSpot as my primary search app, and wouldn’t be without it, but know that being able to fall back on Find Any File and EasyFind is essential. But I wouldn’t go back to struggling with Finder search ever again. Don’t forget: you can never have too many good tools.
JFK 'Magic Bullet Theory' In Spotlight On Anniversary Of President Kennedy's Assassination
Among the melee of conspiracy theories that have risen and fallen in the years since the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy, one theory has remained the focus of intense debate: the single-bullet theory.
This theory, supported by the 1964 findings of the Warren Commission investigating Kennedy's assassination, posits that the president was shot by the same bullet that also injured Texas Gov. John Connally, who sat in the front seat of the presidential limousine. Some critics sarcastically refer to this as the "magic-bullet theory."
The findings of the Warren Commission, and the 889-page final Warren Report, have been much maligned by analysts over the years. Even Attorney General Robert Kennedy (JFK's brother) is on record as saying the Warren Report was a "shoddy piece of craftsmanship," and three members of the commission expressed doubts about the single-bullet theory. [Top 10 Persistent JFK Assassination Conspiracy Theories]
According to proponents of the single-bullet theory, as the presidential motorcade made its way past the Texas School Book Depository in Dallas, Lee Harvey Oswald raised his Mannlicher-Carcano rifle and took aim at Kennedy's head, six stories below.
With a single shot from Oswald's rifle, a 6.5-millimeter bullet pierced Kennedy's suit coat from the rear before puncturing his body to the right of his spine. The bullet exited Kennedy's body through the front of his neck below his Adam's apple.
The bullet — later dubbed Commission Exhibit 399, or CE 399 — then punctured Connally's back, shattering his fifth right rib bone. After exiting the front of Connally's chest, the bullet shot through his right wrist, breaking one of his wrist bones, before burying itself beneath the skin of Connally's left thigh.
Unlikely path of travel?
This path of travel — considered highly unlikely by critics of the single-bullet theory — means CE 399 went through the bodies of two adult men, tore through about 15 inches of human flesh, broke two bones and punctured 15 different layers of clothing.
The bullet was recovered at Parkland Memorial Hospital on a gurney in the hospital corridor. It was later determined that the gurney was next to the one that carried Connally into the hospital.
The single-bullet theory doesn't exclude additional shots, or additional bullets hitting the president. Most witnesses and analysts believe that a total of three shots were fired. Whether those additional shots were fired by Oswald or by a second gunman — perhaps from a nearby hill now referred to as "the grassy knoll" — remains a subject of intense debate, especially among conspiracy theorists.
The Zapruder film
The single shot, and the responses of Kennedy and Connally to the bullet, were captured on frames 210 through 225 of a film taken by Abraham Zapruder, a clothing manufacturer who was among the crowd watching the presidential motorcade pass through Dallas. Zapruder brought an 8 mm camera to record the event, not knowing that his 26 seconds of footage would become one of the most watched — and most controversial — films of all time.
As disturbing as frames 210 through 225 of the Zapruder film are, an even more shocking event occurs at frame 313: In it, the silent film shows the back of Kennedy's head burst open as a second shot hits him near the base of his skull. This section of footage was not released to the public for years after the assassination due to its gruesome nature.
Zapruder himself was deeply troubled by his now-infamous film, especially the violent nature of frame 313. (He reportedly had a nightmare in which he saw an advertisement announcing, "See the President's Head Explode!") So when Zapruder sold the rights to the film to Life magazine, he stipulated that frame 313 be withheld from publication. (It was not seen by the general public until a much criticized airing by ABC News in 1975.)
Support for the single-bullet theory
Numerous re-enactments, computer analyses, research into the Zapruder film and other evidence have lent considerable credibility to the single-bullet theory. John McAdams, a professor of political science at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wis., is a well-known expert on the Kennedy assassination who also makes a practice of debunking Kennedy-assassination conspiracy theories.
McAdams, on his voluminous website dedicated to the killing, offers substantial evidence for the single-bullet theory. "Thomas Canning was a NASA scientist who studied the single-bullet trajectory for the House Select Committee on Assassinations," McAdams wrote, referring to the congressional committee that was convened in 1976 to re-examine the work of the Warren Commission.
"The result was an alignment that showed the bullet leaving Kennedy's throat to strike Connally in the back near the shoulder — which is where Connally was actually struck," McAdams wrote. He added, "Failure Analysis Associates, in work done for a 1992 mock trial of Lee Harvey Oswald for the American Bar Association, used 3-D computer animation and modelling techniques to research the bullet trajectory, and concluded that the single-bullet trajectory works."
More recently, a television program that aired in 2004 on the Discovery Channel attempted to duplicate the conditions of the assassination using up-to-date forensics research and materials. Their re-enactment, shown on "Unsolved History: JFK — Beyond the Magic Bullet," found that a single bullet duplicated almost exactly the path of travel postulated by proponents of the single-bullet theory.
Criticisms of the single-bullet theory
The trajectory of the bullet that supposedly penetrated Kennedy's neck and Connally's torso is one of the many points of contention of the single-bullet theory. Critics charge that because of the position of the two men in the limousine, the bullet would have had to change course in midair to travel as proposed. [Our Favorite Urban Legends Debunked]
The fact that Connally was seen holding his hat in his right hand also caused suspicion, since he was supposedly wounded in his right wrist by the single bullet. The unusual circumstances surrounding the discovery of the CE 399 bullet — it was reportedly picked up off the floor by a nurse, or discovered by a hospital engineer, according to various reports — and the bullet's so-called "pristine" condition, have likewise raised the hackles of conspiracy theorists.
The single-bullet theory gives credibility to the conclusion of the Warren Commission and other research that Oswald acted as a lone gunman who shot Kennedy because of Oswald's pro-Communist leanings and/or because of his depressed mental state.
Whether Oswald was a lone gunman, or was a pawn of Communist Cuba, or the Soviet Union, or the Mafia, or some other group, may never be known, especially since Oswald was murdered by Dallas nightclub owner Jack Ruby shortly after his arrest.
Nonetheless, the countless theories surrounding the assassination of Kennedy show no sign of abating or being resolved: A Gallup poll released Nov. 15 — a full 50 years after the event — found that 61 percent of Americans believe the killing was the result of a still-undetermined conspiracy.
Correction: This article was corrected to clarify the nature of the Zapruder film. It is a color film, not black-and-white.
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