Petra, Jordan: Gorgeous Rose-Red City and Wonder of the World

Petra, Jordan: Gorgeous Rose-Red City and Wonder of the World

Petra, Jordan is one of the world's most famous archaeological sites, where ancient Eastern traditions blend with Hellenistic architecture. The lost city of Petra - named as one of the new 7 Wonders of the World - is a majestic place that is thousands of years old, yet it still holds hidden secrets waiting to be unveiled.

The magnificent site has been recognized by UNESCO for its immense historical significance and outstanding cultural value. It is half-built, half-carved into the rose-red sandstone, and is surrounded by mountains dotted with passages and gorges.

Petra, Jordan. ( Sam /Adobe Stock)

Features of the Rose-Red City

The name of the site is ‘Petra’, a Greek word meaning ‘Rock’, a nod to the way the city was built into the sandstone. In 1812 Petra was re-discovered by the first European, Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt , who had spent many years studying Arabic and the history of Islam.

The city of Petra is comprised of hundreds of tombs, houses, a theatre that could fit more than 3000 people, temples, obelisks, and altars where animals were sacrificed to calm the angry gods or ask them for favors. Only 15% of the city has been uncovered to date, the other 85% remains untouched, underground.

The entrance to the Jordanian city of Petra is through a very narrow path about 1 km (0.62 miles) wide with a cliff on each side, and the first thing you see when you enter is the carved Treasury (Al Khazneh). Scholars disagree with that title - pointing out that the “Treasury” is actually a ceremonial tomb.

The first thing you see when you enter the site is the carved Treasury (Al Khazneh). ( truba71 /Adobe Stock)

Another of the interesting features at Petra is the Ad Deir Monastery. During the winter solstice, the light of the setting sun enters through the gate of the Ad Deir Monastery and illuminates the sacred motab, a podium where some stone blocks representing divinities, such as the god Dushara, are placed.

Visitors to Petra are also often drawn to taking photos of the carvings on slabs of stone which are called ‘betyls.’ These are known colloquially as ‘eye idols’ due to their simple carved faces with prominent eyes. Scholars believe that these ‘eye idols’ are actually a representation of Al-‘Uzza, a water goddess and important figure in the Nabataean religion.

Al-‘Uzza goddess - Her image has been found throughout Petra in carvings on slabs of stone called ‘betyls’. (Zcmetallica / CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Who Built Petra?

Archaeological excavations in the area have shown that the area was first occupied more than 9000 years ago. This mysterious site was occupied by many different tribes over its history. Based on traditional stories, the first known tribe to occupy the area was the Edomites, of which very little is known. Later, at about 300 BC, an Arab polytheistic tribe named the Nabataeans (Nabateans) migrated to the area.

Soon after, Petra flourished and became the capital of the Nabataean kingdom. Although others may have been in the area before them, the Nabataeans are considered the real builders of Petra . They were a tribe that was so famous they were mentioned by many different civilizations at the time, and records containing references to them were found in ancient Greece, China, and the Roman Empire.

However, little is known about the Nabataeans and their society, and most of what we know comes from archaeological studies and the scholar Strabo, who was apparently fascinated by the "abundant springs of water both for domestic purposes and for watering gardens" (Geography, XVI.4.2 1), he saw when he visited the site in the 1st century AD.

Ancient writers and the archaeological record show that as well as their agricultural activities, the Nabateans developed political systems, arts, engineering, astronomy, stonemasonry, and, as noted by Strabo, they demonstrated astonishing hydraulic expertise , including the construction of wells, cisterns, and aqueducts in their settlements. They expanded their trading routes, creating more than 2,000 sites in total in the areas that today are Jordan, Syria, and Saudi Arabia.

Petra, for example, has been described as a Nabataean ‘caravan-city’ because its location, situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, made it an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt, and Syria-Phoenicia.

Corinthian and Palace tombs at Petra, Jordan. ( dudlajzov /Adobe Stock)

Myths and Legends About Petra

Petra is the city in which Indiana Jones hunted for the Holy Grail in the movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade . One of the myths concerning Petra originates from the Crusaders and states that it was somewhere in this area that Moses struck a rock to bring water to the Israelites when they fled Egypt. The Knights Templar also claimed that they found the Ark of the Covenant while they were stationed at the ancient city of Petra in Jordan.

Another myth about Petra has to do with the belief that there are remarkable treasures hidden in the building known as the Treasury. Many treasure hunters have shot upon the façade in search of this supposed fortune, the scars of which can still be seen.

Recent Discoveries at Petra, Jordan

Excavations are on-going , and more secrets of different phases in the history of Petra are being revealed. For example, one of the excavations in 2010 uncovered a 2000-year-old Hellenistic style artwork depicting a child with wings playing the flute.

In 2016, archaeologists found a residence with two “absolutely exquisite” statues of the goddess Aphrodite dating to the time Rome annexed Nabataea in 106 AD. During that excavation, another residence and three rock-cut shaft tombs were unearthed containing pottery, animal bones, ceramic oil lamps, an iron sword, and human remains that were buried with decorative items such as jewelry.

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  • Unexpected Statues of Mythological Goddess Unearthed in Jordan

Speaking on these finds, bioarchaeologist and co-director of the dig Megan Perry said : "The human remains and mortuary artifacts from Petra provide perspectives not only on Nabataean concepts of death, but also their biological histories while alive.”

Another discovery, also made in 2016 , revealed a massive ceremonial platform measuring 184 ft. (56 meters) by 161 ft. (49 meters), which ‘has no parallels’ in the ancient city. It was discovered just half a mile from the city center using high-tech satellite scanners.

One of the unanswered questions about Petra, Jordan is if it was really possible for such a magnificent, famous city to have been built by the ‘primitive’ Nabataean tribe more than 2000 years ago without some kind of help. Hopefully the unexcavated 85% of the city will someday answer that question.

The theater in the ancient city of Petra, Jordan. ( gatsi /Adobe Stock)


New Seven Wonders of the World

The following list of the New Seven Wonders is presented without ranking, and aims to represent global heritage.

Keep in mind: Price and stock could change after publish date, and we may make money from these links.

Great Wall of China

Photo by: dowell / Getty Images

I n 2007, more than 100 million people voted to declare the New Seven Wonders of the World. The following list of seven winners is presented without ranking, and aims to represent global heritage.

Great Wall of China (China)
Built between the 5th century B.C. and the 16th century, the Great Wall of China is a stone-and-earth fortification created to protect the borders of the Chinese Empire from invading Mongols. The Great Wall is actually a succession of multiple walls spanning approximately 4,000 miles, making it the world's longest manmade structure.

Christ the Redeemer Statue (Rio de Janeiro)

Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro

The Art Deco-style Christ the Redeemer statue has been looming over the Brazilians from upon Corcovado mountain in an awe-inspiring state of eternal blessing since 1931. The 130-foot reinforced concrete-and-soapstone statue was designed by Heitor da Silva Costa and cost approximately $250,000 to build - much of the money was raised through donations. The statue has become an easily recognized icon for Rio and Brazil.

Machu Picchu in Peru

Machu Picchu, an Incan city of sparkling granite precariously perched between 2 towering Andean peaks, is thought by scholars to have been a sacred archaeological center for the nearby Incan capital of Cusco. Built at the peak of the Incan Empire in the mid-1400s, this mountain citadel was later abandoned by the Incas. The site remained unknown except to locals until 1911, when it was rediscovered by archaeologist Hiram Bingham. The site can only be reached by foot, train or helicopter most visitors visit by train from nearby Cusco.

BUY TICKETS: Starting From $31 | Viator.com

Chichen Itza (Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico)

Chichen Itza

The genius and adaptability of Mayan culture can be seen in the splendid ruins of Chichen Itza. This powerful city, a trading center for cloth, slaves, honey and salt, flourished from approximately 800 to 1200, and acted as the political and economic hub of the Mayan civilization. The most familiar ruin at the site is El Caracol, a sophisticated astronomical observatory.


Сложно представить, как мог существовать в этой безжизненной и жаркой пустыне город по размерам больше Манхэттена.

Сложно представить, как мог существовать в этой пустыне город по размерам больше Манхэттена.

Выберите любую достопримечательность на карте, чтобы проложить к ней маршрут. Хотите узнать больше о Петре? Просто прокрутите страницу вниз!

Вход в каньон Сик Вход в каньон Сик

Три блока, высеченные из песчаника в честь верховного божества Душары, первыми встречают желающих попасть в Петру. Некоторые историки считают, что каменные джинны охраняли самый ценный для жителей Петры ресурс – воду. Кубические "каменные джинны" у входа некогда сторожили драгоценные запасы воды.

Петра в Просмотре улиц Петра в Просмотре улиц

Многие думают, что Петра начинается и заканчивается сокровищницей Эль-Хазне. Мы покажем вам, что это далеко не так. Рассмотрите окружающую вас красоту во всех деталях или нажмите ниже, чтобы отправиться на прогулку. В Петре много интересного и помимо знаменитой сокровищницы. Рассмотрите окружающую вас красоту во всех деталях или нажмите на маркер, чтобы отправиться на прогулку.


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Source: Anne Whaley Sousou

Simplified geological map of Jordan (modified after NRA, 2006, in Naylor et al., 2013) The present site of Petra was originally built by the Nabataean Arabs during the 4th century BC, and was known in Arabic as Sila’a سلع, and Ar Rakeem الرقيم, or biblically as ‘Rqm’, which all mean ‘cut in rock’. The site was conquered by the Romans in AD 106, and was renamed in Greek as Petra, or in Arabic Al Betra البتراء, which also means cut in rock. It is believed that Petra was destroyed by several earthquakes, ending in complete destruction and eventual evacuation during the 6th century AD.

Petra is located in the heart of the mountainous desert of southern Jordan, half way between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, but importantly, was adjacent to an ancient route down from the high plateau eastwards to Wadi Araba. The site can also be reached from the city of Ma’an to the east. The town surrounding the site of Petra is called Abu Mousa, as well as the valley (wadi) leading to Petra. In detail the site occupies an open valley (occupied by the town itself) surrounded by mountains, which were used for religious ceremonies, tomb building and water collection in cisterns. Routes through the mountains follow deep gorges or ‘siqs’. Although the formal entrance was through the main Siq in the south, general access is also possible from the north.

Although Petra is now a major archaeological tourist destination, receiving nearly one million visitors each year, in this article we will highlight the geological perspective of Petra.

Petra’s Geology

The Kasneh (Treasury) shining in the sun at the end of the long dark canyon known as the Siq – surely one of the most impressive and iconic sights in the world. Source: Anne Whaley Sousou The mountains to the south of Petra are composed of Precambrian igneous rocks of the Aqaba Granite Complex, cut through by a series of intrusive dikes. These are unconformably overlain by the massive quartzose sandstones of Middle Cambrian to Lower Ordovician age which make up the rocks and monuments of Petra. The properties of the rock itself may have persuaded the Nabataeans to site their city here, as it was evidently suitable for rock carving and excavating, and also pleasing to look at. After 2,000 years, however, much of the worked and excavated stone is showing signs of decay, not least through the footsteps of many tourists.

The impressive gorges were formed when the force of desert flash floods over many thousands of years exploited lines of weakness in the rocks such as faults, joints and fractures, a process which is still continuing today.


Petra

Petra (Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ Ancient Greek: Πέτρα), originally known to the Nabataeans as Raqmu, is a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. The city is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved.

Established possibly as early as 312 BC as the capital city of the Arab Nabataeans, it is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan’s most-visited tourist attraction. The Nabateans were nomadic Arabs who benefited from the proximity of Petra to the regional trade routes, in becoming a major trading hub, thus enabling them to gather wealth. The Nabateans are also known for their great ability in constructing efficient water collecting methods in the barren deserts and their talent in carving structures into solid rocks. It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

The site remained unknown to the western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was described as “a rose-red city half as old as time” in a Newdigate Prize-winning poem by John William Burgon. UNESCO has described it as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage”. Petra was named amongst the New7Wonders of the World in 2007 and was also chosen by the Smithsonian Magazine as one of the 󈬌 Places to See Before You Die”.


Petra tombs

One of the Royal Tombs, the Urn Tomb is built high up on the side of a mountain

Now turn left down a colonnaded street. (The horse carriages only go as far as the Treasury, so you have to walk.)

Hundreds of royal tombs, sacred halls, mammoth temples, cave houses and even an ampitheater sprawl before you in a desert valley.


Petra

This wonder of the world is the most valuable treasure in Jordan, and also its main tourist attraction in the country.

A unique city sculpted on the rocks by the Nebauteus, the Arabic people who once lived in the Jordan deserts around Petra, a place that became a very important mark of the Silk route and other goods that were transported between Saudi Arabia, China, Greece, Egypt, Syria, and Rome.

Petra and as the Nabateans used to call it &ldquoRaqmu&rdquo is one of the most famous cities in Jordan due to its archaeological and architectural history. The city is also known as the Rose City due to its pink rocks formations.

Petra was established in 312 AC, and it became the capital of the Nabateans people, who were referred to in the Bible. They inhabited the region of Petra between the IV AC and II DC. Petra was also a very important commercial center between the Arabic peninsula and Damascus in Syria, and today Petra is the most visited tourist attraction in Jordan.

The Romans conquered Petra in 106 A.C, and they turned the territory into a roman province. During the second and third centuries, Petra continued to grow and in the seventh century, the Romans lost the power of Petra to Islam.

In the 12th century, Petra was once again taken by different leaders and for a while, Petra was hidden until it was found by Swiss explores Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, who was responsible to announce the city into the world with his poem &ldquoa rose-red city half as old as time.&rdquo

One of the Seven Wonders of the World

In 2007, Petra was recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of the World and UNESCO described the city as &ldquoone of the most precious properties of the cultural inheritance of mankind.&rdquo Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

Where is Petra located?

Petra is located in the territory between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, in the mountains of the east side of the Wadi Araba. In the city of Petra, many ancient monuments can be found such as the Roman Theater, the Royal Tombs, and others.

Ruins of Petra (Places to visit in Petra)

There is a lot more to see in Petra other than the beautifully famous Treasury. With 60 square kilometers site, there are numerous attractions there. You will find below covered the main sites that you should see when you&rsquore visiting Petra.

Bab el Siq

Bab el Siq is the gate of Siq, the main entrance to the city. As you arrive, you will see three square blocks carved into the rock, then you will see the tomb of the 1st century A.D. The bottom is where you can find the Triclinium, a banquet room. On the opposite side of the cliff, you will see a double inscription in Nabataean and Greek.

Siq

The Siq is a strait measuring more than a kilometer long and 80 meters high. Walking through the Siq is an impressive experience the colors of the rock formations are magical.

Siq is the old entrance that leads to the city of Petra. The Siq starts at the dam and ends at the opposite side, in the treasure area. Siq is a divided rock that has about 1200m in length and a width that varies from 3 to 12 meters the height of the rocks can reach up to 80 meters. Most of the Siq rock is natural, but there is another part that was sculpted by the Nabataean people.

On both sides of the Siq, there are channels to draw water from the valley of Moses (Wadi Musa). The ingenuity is incredible on the right side, you can see that the water flowed through pipes made of ceramics, while the left channel was all carved in the rock and covered with panels made of stone, spaces can be found just to filter the water.

Right at the beginning of the Siq, it is still possible to see the original dams of the Nabataeans, creations that prevented the Siq from being flooded.

Al Khazneh (The Treasury)

The entrance to the city of the Nabataeans is made through the Siq, a strait measuring around one km long, flanked by rocks that reach up to 80 meters high. A walk through the Siq is a unique experience. The colors and rock formations you will see are impressive.

During the walk as you reach the end of the Siq, the great treasure begins to emerge, the postcard Al-Khazneh, one of the ruins of Petra, the most famous among them. The natural beauty and the remarkable architectural features of this place will blow your mind.

A simply fantastic experience, the façade is 30 meters wide and 43 high. It was sculpted directly on the pink rock itself. The construction was made in the middle of the first century to be the tomb of a great Nabataean King the place undoubtedly represents the genius of these ancient people.

The Treasury is one of the wonders you can find in the ruins of Petra. There are several, or rather, hundreds of tombs made in the rock, Roman theater, obelisks, temples, altars for offering sacrifices and colonnaded streets, and, high up in the valley, there is the sumptuous Ad-Deir Monastery.

Petra Royal Tombs

Downhill from the Theatre is a larger thoroughfare. Within its west-facing cliffs, there are some of the most impressive burial places in Petra, known collectively as the &lsquoRoyal Tombs&rsquo. They look particularly stunning bathed in the golden light of sunset there are four of them one next to the other. However, they suffered flood damage over the centuries which lead to some of their facades no being as well kept, possibly part of the reason they are not as famous as the Treasury. There are steps that lead up to them and you can actually visit the inside of these tombs.

The Urn Tomb

The Urn Tomb is one of the four royal tombs in Petra. Built during the second half of the first century by King Areta and his son Malco II, It had two layers of safes and is thought to be the tomb of King Nabateno, Malco II. It has a huge terrace and a majestic Doric patio, carved in the rocks.

A rare inscription inside one of the rooms indicates that the site was converted into a church in 447 AD by Bishop Jason. The interior of the tomb measures 18m by 20m.

The Silk Tomb

Located right next to the Urn Tomb, the Silk Tomb measures to 10.8 meters wide and 19 meters high it has a central door and 4 columns. The name was given due to the color of the stone used in the construction.

The Corinthian Tomb

The Corinthian tomb's facade measures 27.55 meters wide and 26 meters high. It is very similar to the Silk Tomb, but it does not have as many decorations on it. There, you will find 4 sinks or basins of water that were probably used in cleaning or purification rituals of the body. Inside the tomb, there are still four rooms.

The Palace Tomb

Measuring 49 meters wide and 46 meters high, the Palace Tomb has twelve columns and four entrances for burial. It is distinctive among the Royal Tombs for its rock-hewn façade.

High Place of Sacrifice

The High Place of Sacrifice is located on a mountain top in Petra. The start of the walk to this location is just before the start of the amphitheater. There are about 800 steps to get to the top over there.

As the name suggests, High Place of Sacrifice is where they used to carry out sacrifices. These sacrifices entailed libations, animal sacrifices and smoking of frankincense.

The famous biblical passage where Abraham, as a proof of devotion to God, almost sacrificed his son, who was saved by an angel, happened in the mountains of Petra.

The tomb of the prophet Aaron, a sacred site for Muslims, is preserved today also in the region of Petra. In honor of the prophet, a goat is sacrificed annually, as many pilgrims believe that the Tomb carries the spirit of the prophet Araão (brother of the Prophet Moses).

Petra Theater

The Theater was sculpted on the mountainside it has three rows of seats, seven stairs, and can accommodate 4000 spectators. The theater was built during the rule of King Aretas IV (4 BC-27 BC).

Colonnade Street

With columns on each side, the Colonnade is a street that runs through the center of Petra. The Colonnade Street is mostly now in ruins. This is due to the frequent flash floods that took place over the past thousands of years.

Ad Deir (The Monastery)

Hidden high in the hills, the Monastery is one of the legendary monuments of Petra. Similar in design to the Treasury but far more bigger it is 50m wide and 45m high. The Monastery was built in the 3rd century BCE as a Nabataean tomb. Its name was derived from the crosses carved on the inside walls. It is considered the second most commonly visited monument in the city of Petra, after the Treasury.

Wadi Musa

The Wadi Musa, meaning the Valle of Moses, is a long valley close to many mountains where a Bedouin camp sells local handicrafts, such as pottery, accessories, and bottles with colored sand where cars can&rsquot be used and people walk around and rent horses, camels or a horse-drawn carriage.

The Archaeological Museum of Petra and the Nabataean Museum of Petra

In Petra, there are two museums the Museum of Petra and the Nabataean Museum of Petra, both with ancient legacies from the excavations in the region and which expose the city's historical past to the public.

How to get around the ruins of Petra?

To protect the place, vehicles cannot travel there. But, if you don't want to walk, you can rent a horse or a horse-drawn carriage to move around the Siq. Elderly people or people with special needs are entitled to a special authorization issued by the Visitors Center (located at the entrance). The service has an extra fee to allow the carriage to enter Petra, to visit the main tourist attractions.

When is the best time to visit Petra?

The best time to visit Petra is during the spring and autumn months as temperatures aren't so high.Petra is best enjoyed in the early and mid-morning sun or at the afternoon a few hours before sunset when the late sun turns the natural pink rocks into an even prettier color.

Petra in Hollywood

Petra has been in a few of the most famous movies in Hollywood such as Indiana Jones, Transformers 2, and it is also mentioned in the Mortal Kombat Movie.

Facts about Petra

● Petra is also called the 'Lost City' that&rsquos because, in spite of its being such an important city in antiquity, after the 14th century AD, Petra was completely lost to the western world.

● The name Petra originates from the Greek word &lsquopetros&rsquo which means rocks. Petra is also known as Al-Batra in Arabic.

● Between 1BC and 8 AD, Petra experienced severe earthquakes and in 362 AD half of the city was destroyed.

● It is believed that Petra was established in 312 BC which then makes the city one of the oldest cities in the world.

● During 2016, while using satellite imagery, archaeologists discovered a large and previously unknown monumental structure buried beneath the sands of Petra.


Petra Information

          Petra is the treasure of ancient world, hidden behind an almost impenetrable barrier of rugged mountains, boasting incomparable scenes that make it the most majestic and imposing ancient site still-standing nowadays.. It has been said "perhaps there is nothing in the world that resembles it", actually, for sure, there is nothing in the world that resembles it. The rock-carved rose-red city of Petra is full of mysterious charm, it was "designed to strike wonder into all who entered it", and a one day Petra Trip is capable of getting you a lifetime memory that you'll share with your grand children.

          Petra is considered the most famous and gorgeous site in Jordan located about 262 km south of Amman and 133 km north of Aqaba. It is the legacy of the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled in southern Jordan more than 2000 years ago. Admired then for its refined culture, massive architecture and ingenious complex of dams and water channels, Petra is now a UNESCO world heritage site and one of The New 7 Wonders of the World that enchants visitors from all corners of the globe.

          Starting you tour in Petra, would be breath-taking since you lay your eyes on the magnificant seen, the approach through a kilometer long, cool, and gloom chasm (or Siq) a long narrow gorge whose steeply rising sides all but obliterate the sun, provides a dramatic contrast with the magic to come. Suddenly the gorge opens into a natural square dominated by Petra's most famous monument, The Treasury (El-Khazneh), whose intricately carved facade glows in the dazzling sun.

          The basin of Petra boasts over 800 individual monuments, including buildings, tombs, baths, funerary halls, temples, arched gateways, and colonnaded streets, that were mostly carved from the kaleidoscopic sandstone by the technical and artistic genius of its inhabitants.

          Petra sights are at their best in early morning and late afternoon, when the sun warms the multicolored stones, you can view the majesty of Petra as it was seen first when discovered in 1812 after being lost by the 16th century for almost 300 years!

          This new world wonder is undoubtedly the most famous attraction in Jordan is the Nabatean city of Petra, nestled away in the mountains south of the Dead Sea. Petra, which means "stone" in Greek, is perhaps the most spectacular ancient city remaining in the modern world, and certainly a must-see for visitors to Jordan and the Middle East.

          The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was described as "a rose-red city half as old as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winning sonnet by John William Burgon. UNESCO has described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage."

          Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of "the 40 places you have to see before you die".Hence, spending one to three days on a Petra tour should mark your Jordan vacation, and we hope the information provided in this section will help you with your travel plans.


          An Overview Of Petra’s History

          Everyone has a travel bucket list. You know, those places you simply have to visit before you die. Add Petra to that list. It is a world wonder of valuable treasure. This area has to be seen to be believed. It really is that spectacular. This historical city can be found in southern Jordan – and features rock-cut architecture. This makes it the most popular tourist attraction in Jordan. By a long shot.

          There are many things that make it a unique destination. The breathtaking views and rock architecture. The history. It was established somewhere around 312 BC. However it is interesting to note that it was unknown to the western world until 1812. Hard to believe! Petra is certainly a special place to behold. It was actually described by John William Burgon (in the sonnet “Petra”) as “a rose-red city half as old as time.” There is no better way to describe this awe-inspiring area.

          The Most Iconic Sights In Petra

          Petra is an incredible place. One that many travel lovers dream of visiting. Whether you are looking for a little inspiration or are ready to start planning your getaway…. there are a number of sights and activities to keep in mind. Like the Siq canyon. It connects the rose city to the outside world.

          Here you can walk through the canyon and enjoy spectacular views of the rock face. You can also hike through the many trails in the rose city. Each one provides a unique look at the area. Check out the High Place of Sacrifice and Little Petra. Another idea? Take a mule ride to the Monastery. This is one of the highlights the area has to offer. So why not get there in a totally unique way? There is no doubt about it. Petra is full of incredible things to see and do.

          Something else to experience during your trip? Many travellers love to see Petra at night. While this area is incredible during the daytime…. it is extra special when the sun goes down. It is totally transformed. There are thousands upon thousands of candles to guide visitors to the main square by the Treasury. Those candles illuminate the area with a soft and romantic glow. That makes it is a wonderful time to enjoy the beauty of Petra, to get inspired, and maybe even fall in love.

          Petra is a unique travel destination. It is beautiful and has a rich historical significance. This world wonder will thrill you over and over again. So…. when will you visit?


          Petra, Jordan: Gorgeous Rose-Red City and Wonder of the World - History

          Stylish Dubai is a chic travel destination filled with spectacular sights, a skyline filled with some of the most magnificent buildings in the world and packed with entertainment for the whole family. The city blends Eastern tradition with Western influences mixing old Dubai, the Dubai Creek, and Jumeirah Mosque with out of this world attractions such as The Palms, Burj Khalifa, Dubai Fountains and Atlantis. This breathtaking city lies on the sparkling blue waters of the Arabian Gulf with the dramatic red dunes of the desert in the background.


          Recommended Stay: At least 3 nights
          Must See`s:
          Burj Khalifa, Burj Al Arab, The Palms, Atlantis, Aquaventure, The Desert, The Dubai Mall, Mall of the Emirates, Dubai Fountains, Dubai Aquarium, Jumeirah Mosque, Dubai Creek, Dubai Museum, Bastaki Quarter, Gold Souks and so much more!

          Amman, the capital of Jordan, is a fascinating city with a unique blend of old and new. Ideally situated on a hilly area between the desert and the fertile Jordan Valley. The ancient city features ultra-modern buildings, hotels, smart restaurants, art galleries and boutiques. There is evidence everywhere of the city`s much older past.


          Recommended Stay: At least 3 nights
          Must See`s:
          Citadel Hill, Hercules Hand, The Roman Amphitheater, Jordan Museum, The Children`s Museum Jordan, Al Hussein Park, The Royal Automobile Museum, King Abdullah Mosque, Jabal Amman and so much more!

          Petra the Rose Red City, the world wonder, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site is without doubt Jordan's most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction. It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes. The Treasury is just the first of the many wonders that make up Petra. As you enter the Petra valley you will be overwhelmed by the natural beauty of this place and its outstanding architectural achievements.


          Recommended Stay: At least 3 nights
          Must See`s:
          The Siq, The Treasury, The Royal Tombs, The Monastery, Little Petra, High Place of Sacrifice, The Roman Theatre and so much more!