Yvonne Rudelatt

Yvonne Rudelatt

Yvonne Rudelatt, the daughter of a wealthy wine-merchant at Maissons-Laffite in France, was born in 1895. She moved to England after marrying a London antique dealer and for over 20 years ran a successful interior decorating business in Kensington.

On the outbreak of the Second World War Rudelatt was working as a manageress of a London hotel where officers in the British Army stayed. This included Major Lewis Gielgud who worked for the French section of the Special Operations Executive (SOE). When Gielgud realized she had a good knowledge of France he recruited her to the SOE.

Rudelatt completed her training successfully and was chosen to become the first woman agent sent to SOE into occupied Europe. In July 1943 Rudelatt accompanied Major Nicholas Bodington to Gibraltar before moving to Tours in France.

In September 1943, the SOE decided to establish a new network in and around Paris. Called Prosper it was to be led by Francis Suttill. Andrée Borrel was parachuted into France to prepare the way for Suttill who arrived on 1st October. Rudelatt became Suttill's courier and the team was joined by a wireless operator, Gilbert Norman in November. A second operator, Jack Agazarian, arrived the following month.

Rudelatt also took part in several sabotage operations. This included the destruction of the Chiany Power Station and the Bronzavia Works at Blois, which manufactured components for the Luftwaffe. She also helped to destroy more than two hundred high-tension electricity pylons and several locomotive sheds.

Francis Suttill arranged with the Special Operations Executive in London to drop arms and explosives to be used by the French Resistance. On 12th June 1943, Rudelatt was sent to Neuvy to receive the armaments. Several of the containers exploded and several members of the reception committee. A local farmer reported the incident and as a result 500 members of the SS were sent in to search for the special agents in the area.

On 20th June 1943, Rudelatt returned to the area to pick up two new SOE agents, Frank Pickersgill and John McAlister, who had just been parachuted into France. They were stopped by the SS and although they tried to race away shots were fired and Rudelatt was hit by two bullets before the car crashed. She was arrested and after being interrogated was deported to Germany. Yvonne Rudelatt died at Belsen Concentration Camp two weeks before the end of the war.


Beatrice "Yvonne" Cormeau (1909-1997)

Yvonne did her SOE training with Yolande Beekman, Cecily Lefort and Noor Inayat Khan. On the night of 22 Aug 1943 she left Tempsford airbase and was parachuted into St Antoine du Queyret, northeast of Bordeaux. She was given a powder compact by Colonel Maurice Buckmaster before leaving for France. Her role was to work as courier and wireless operator in the Wheelwright circuit with George Starr. Whilst carrying out her secret operations in Occupied France she used the code names "Annette", "Fairy" and "Sarafari".

Yvonne was almost arrested by the Germans after being betrayed by an agent (code named Rodolph). However, she continued to operate, despite being confronted by wanted posters in her neighborhood which gave an accurate sketch of her appearance. Her success was possibly owed to the fact that she used car batteries rather than mains power, making it more difficult for the German D/F vans to find her.

Famously, Cormeau and Starr was stopped at a German road block and questioned while a gun was held in their backs. Eventually the Germans accepted her story and I.D. that she was a district nurse, and she succeeded in passing her wireless equipment off as an X-ray machine.

She sent over 400 transmissions back to London, which was a record for the F Section, and made arrangements for arms and supplies to be dropped for the local maquis. She also assisted in the cutting of the power and telephone lines, resulting in the isolation of the Wehrmacht Group G garrison near Toulouse.

She worked for 13 months and evaded arrest despite some narrow escapes. While operating in France Yvonne was shot in the leg by a German patrol, but managed to escape. (The dress she wore on this occasion and the bloodstained briefcase she carried are on permanent display in the Imperial War Museum in London.)

After the war, Yvonne and her daughter were reunited and lived in London, where she remarried to James Edgar Farrow. She spent her later years in Fleet, Hampshire, England at the Tall Pines nursing home where she died on 25 Dec 1997.


  • Noor Inayat Khan was sent to Paris in June 1943 with the codename Madeleine to conduct secret operations
  • Aged just 29 she helped run the Prosper Network - a resistance operation ordered to 'set Europe ablaze'
  • Much of the network was betrayed however and she eventually faced torture and execution by the Gestapo
  • Tom Tugendhat MP is now calling for her to feature on the new £50 note as an example of great sacrifice

Published: 12:24 BST, 17 October 2018 | Updated: 15:08 BST, 17 October 2018

Noor Inayat Khan (pictured in her Women's Auxiliary Air Force uniform) came to Britain after Paris fell to the Nazis in 1940. It was not long until she would return as part of the Prosper Network - a resistance communications operation in Paris which had been ordered by Churchill to 'set Europe ablaze'. The network was part of the super-secret British intelligence unit called the Special Operations Executive (SOE) and comprised dozens of various resistance groups in France

A campaign has been launched to make Britain’s only female Muslim war heroine who died protecting the country's secrets in WWII appear on the new £50 note.

Noor Inayat Khan was sent to occupied France, aged just 29, as part of Churchill's Secret Operations Executive to disrupt Nazi operations.

But she suffered horrendously at the hands of the Gestapo after she was betrayed and then tortured and eventually executed - after refusing to give up any British secrets.

Now, Tom Tugendhat MP and social activist Zehra Zaidi are calling for Khan to feature on the new note - with a petition which has already amassed more than 1,000 signatures.

Speculation over who might feature on the new note began after its creation was announced last week by Robert Jenrick, Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury.

Matthew Boulton and James Watt, pioneers of the industrial revolution, are currently the faces of the notes - but figures including Stephen Hawking and Margaret Thatcher are now in the running to replace them.

Khan is among the contenders and campaigners believe she can be used on the note to 'build bridges and show positive contributions from Britain's ethnic and religious minorities'.

She would become the first person of an ethnic minority background to feature on a British banknote.

Her story is one of great suffering but also immense courage and she has long been hailed as great hero of the war.

Born in Moscow to an Indian father and an American mother, Noor was a descendant of Tipu Sultan, the 18th century ruler of Mysore. The family lived in London, moving to Paris when Noor was six.

She studied the harp, gained a degree in child psychology and wrote children’s stories.

When Paris fell to the Nazis in 1940, she returned to London and volunteered for the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force.

Khan (pictured with a sitar) was born in Moscow to an Indian father and an American mother, and was a descendant of Tipu Sultan, the 18th century ruler of Mysore. The family lived in London, moving to Paris when Khan was six. She was musical in her youth and studied the harp while in Paris. She also gained a degree in child psychology and wrote children’s stories

Calling herself 'Norah Baker', Khan (pictured in her youth) offered her services as a secret agent to Britain's Special Operations Executive (SOE) in 1942. Although at first described by superiors as 'too emotional' for work behind enemy lines, her 'conspicuous courage in extreme danger' made her one of only four women ever to win the George Cross

Khan (left) was exectuted at Dachau Concentration camp in September 1944. Wilhelm Ruppert (pictured right awaiting trial for war crimes), commandant of the camp, is believed responsible for her execution alongside three other SOE agents, Yolande Beekman, Madeleine Damerment and Eliane Plewman

What was the Prosper network? The resistance group ordered by Winston Churchill to 'set Europe ablaze'

The Prosper network was part of the super-secret British intelligence unit called the Special Operations Executive (SOE).

The primary mission of the SOE was to aid resistance fighters in Nazi-occupied Europe by any means possible.

This would include sabotage, subversion and even assassination behind enemy lines.

They had an influential supporter in Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who famously ordered them to 'set Europe ablaze'.

The SOE was made up of a number of independent resistance groups established in France.

Prosper, led by Francis Suttill, was one of these. It was first established in 1942.

Francis Suttill (pictured) was a British special agent who worked for the SOE. He was better known by his codename Prosper and he led the Prosper network in France

Two French women, Yvonne Rudelatt and Andree Borrel, were parachuted into France to prepare the way for Suttill to arrive on October 1.

Others later joined them, including Henri Dericourt.

The team, also now including Noor Inayat Khan, was tasked with facilitating drops of arms and munitions, alongside feeding back information to the British.

It wasn't long however before many of the team were betrayed, including Suttill who was tortured and later executed.

Questions were raised over whether Dericourt had betrayed the team with many suspecting him of being a double-agent.

Following the betrayal in 1944 much of the Prosper network was arrested and it ceased to function.

Dericourt never faced any punitive action over his suspected betrayal.

Speculation surrounds who might have betrayed the team, with one theory even suggesting the British might have sacrificed their agents in a bid to keep the real time and place of the upcoming D-Day invasion a secret.

Recruited by the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in 1942, she was sent to Paris in June 1943 with the codename Madeleine and aged just 29.

While there she helped run the Prosper Network - a resistance communications operation in Paris which had been ordered by Churchill to 'set Europe ablaze'.

Khan was in charge of sending and receiving wireless secret messages to and from London. She aided in the release of 30 downed airmen and helped them return to safety.

Many members of the network were soon arrested, but Noor chose to remain in France, trying to send messages back to London while avoiding capture.

That October she was betrayed by a Frenchwoman and arrested by the Gestapo. She was kept in chains and in solitary confinement. Her captors kicked and interrogated her but she revealed nothing.

She was eventually taken to Dachau concentration camp alongside three other SOE agents, Yolande Beekman, Madeleine Damerment and Eliane Plewman.

They were executed in the early hours of September 13, 1944. It is believed Wilhelm Ruppert, commandant of the camp, was responsible for their executions.

When posthumously awarded the George Cross, Britain’s highest civilian decoration, for her gallantry in 1949.

The citation read: 'She refused to abandon what had become the principal and most dangerous post in France, although given the opportunity to return to England, because she did not wish to leave her French comrades without communications.'

Noor was one of only three women in the SOE to be awarded the medal. The other two – Violette Szabo and Odette Hallowes – have been more widely known and celebrated until now.

In 2012, seven decades after her death, a statue to the forgotten heroine was unveiled in London by the Princess Royal.

The bronze bust commemorating Britain’s only female Muslim war heroine was the first stand-alone memorial to an Asian woman in the UK.

It stands in Gordon Square near the house where Noor lived and from where she left on her last mission, unable to tell her mother she might never return.

Princess Anne said stories such as Noor’s are ‘remarkable in their own right’ but have a real connection to make with the modern age through their ‘multi-cultural aspect’.

Ms Khan's actions have led Tom Tugendhat MP to push for her to be featured on the £50 note as an example of the sacrifice secret service members make for their country.

He told The Daily Telegraph: 'A national hero who reflects what we value most should be on the new £50.

'Noor Inayat Khan GC does that. She must be pretty unusual, if not absolutely unique.'

He is supporting a change.org petition first started by social activist Zehra Zaidi which calls for Khan to feature on the note.

The petition says: 'We would like for Noor Inayat Khan, who fought in WWII for Britain and for the freedoms that we have today, to become the new face of the £50 note.

'In this age, when we see a rise in antisemitism, anti-Muslim hatred and intolerance, it is important that we continue to build bridges and show positive contributions from Britain's ethnic and religious minorities, not least one of World War 2's almost forgotten heroes, a British Muslim woman.

'Her message of peace and religious harmony is equally as relevant today. Put Noor on the £50 note.'

The petition had reached more than 1000 signatures at the time of writing and Tugendhat and Zaidi hope she can be a tonic for modern day society.

They say 'Noor's story resonates to this day. We see rising populism and division across Europe. We see an increase in antisemitism, anti-Muslim hatred and intolerance.

'Never has there been more of a need to bring communities together. Let us recognise the positive contributions of Muslims in this country and this one remarkable woman in particular.'

Khan was given the codename 'Madeleine' when she joined the Special Operations Executive. She was sent to Paris in June 1943 aged just 29. While there she worked as a wireless operator whose job it was to send and receive secret messages to and from London. Through her work she aided in the release of 30 downed airmen and helped them return to safety

The new £50 note was saved earlier this month despite concerns they were only used by criminals and currency investors and will now join the £5 and £10 notes in being upgraded from paper to a long-lasting polymer.

Originally introduced in 1981, there are currently 330 million £50 notes in circulation – with a combined value of £16.5 billion – with Bank of England evidence showing that demand for the note is continuing to rise.

The Treasury said in a statement that the move will 'give people more flexibility over how they spend and manage their money, while making it harder for criminals to counterfeit the note for illegal activity.'

Polymer banknotes can incorporate security features which are not viable for paper ones and make them hard to counterfeit, including metameric inks (a pair of inks which look the same colour to the human eye but are actually different).

This, the Treasury says, will 'ensure the UK’s currency continues to be one of the securest in the world.'

The national banks of England and Scotland began issuing the £5 polymer note in September 2016, the first of its kind in Britain.

There are a number of people up in the running to feature on the new note, including renowned scientist Stephen Hawking, and former prime minister Margaret Thatcher.

The Bank of England is asking for suggestions on who should feature and has said it will not limit its pool of potential historical figures to women or people of colour.

In 2012, seven decades after her death, a statue to the Noor Inayat Khan (pictured) was unveiled in London by Princess Anne (left). The Princess Royal said stories such as Noor’s are ‘remarkable in their own right’ but have a real connection to make with the modern age through their ‘multi-cultural aspect’


2. Involvement with SOE

Yvonne became quite depressed about the capitulation of France. She used to frequent a patisserie run by a long-term friend who was an ardent Gaullist in Baker Street. The patisserie was also frequented by personnel from nearby SOE headquarters and Yvonne developed the ambition that she should parachute into France to "do something for France". She would tell this to anyone she met.

On the night of 16–17 April 1941, near the end of The Blitz, 146 Warwick Way was damaged beyond repair by bombing. The Rudellats lost everything except a cache of money Alex had buried in the basement. Soon after, Yvonnes latest love affair came to an end. She felt that she had nothing left to live for and decided to take her own life by jumping into the River Thames. At the last minute she changed her mind and decided to make something of her life. She enrolled at a Pitmans training school to improve her typing skills and through the school soon got a job as a secretary at Ebury Court, a small hotel and drinking club in Ebury Street.

By chance, Ebury Court was also frequented by SOE personnel. She and her ambition came to the notice of Captain Selwyn Jepson, recruitment officer for the French F Section of SOE. Jepson interviewed her and as a result she left Ebury Court and was sent to Wanborough Manor, near Guildford, for preliminary training, vetting and selection. She passed this and was accepted into SOE on 15 May 1942.

She was then sent to Garramor, an SOE training establishment in a large house a little south of Morar in the West Highlands. In charge of instruction was Gavin Maxwell. There she trained on assault courses and learned the military aspects of being an agent such as the use of small arms and explosives. In order to gain protection under the Geneva Convention it was advisable for her to be a member of a uniformed organisation, so on 1 June 1942 she was commissioned as an ensign in the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry FANY. However, given that the FANY was a civilian, not military, organisation there is doubt that this ruse could be relied upon.

She then went to Boarmans, one of ten houses on the Beaulieu Estate in Hampshire that had been taken over by SOE. There she learnt how to live clandestinely in enemy territory and the skills required in her role as a courier, such as the use of ciphers, radio, and boites aux lettres for leaving messages securely. She also learnt how to resist interrogation.

She passed out on 21 June 1942 confusingly her report is in the name of Mademoiselle Rudellat. There was however disappointment for her: she was too old to learn to parachute, so that aspect of her ambition was not to be fulfilled. She instead arrived in France by boat on the night of 30 July 1942.


Who Is The Most Famous Yvonne In The World?

List Rules Vote up all of the Yvonnes you've heard of.

How many celebrities named Yvonne can you think of? The famous Yvonnes below have many different professions, including notable actors named Yvonne, famous athletes named Yvonne, and even musicians named Yvonne.

Yvonne Strahovski is certainly one of the most famous Yvonnes on this list. One of the famous actresses named Yvonne, she is best known for playing Sarah Walker in Chuck . Dexter and The Handmaid's Tale are among her notable projects.

Another of the famous people with the first name Yvonne is Yvonne Craig. She was an actress who played Batgirl in the Batman TV series. She was also an accomplished ballet dancer.

Did we forget one of your favorite famous people named Yvonne? Just add them to the list! Then be sure to vote up all of the Yvonnes that you recognize.

1

PINK SHOE DIARY BLOG

with special needs children, she pioneered child-centred learning. Created the Montessori method of education for young children and there are now 22,000 Montessori schools worldwide.

group she wrote nearly 40 books, but suffered from severe bouts of depression and took her own life in 1941.

alone 50% of women have been Guides or Brownies.

in 1913, introducing luxury casual clothes made from jersey, more often used for men’s underwear. By 1915 she opened in

and established herself as a designer. In 1923 created No 5 the first scent to bear a designer’s name. Her iconic style is still a huge influence on other designers.

after the war. So successful, it became international helping children across the world and Save The Children was born. Pink Shoe are regular supporters.

’s first family planning clinic in 1921. Her work carries on with over 500 Marie Stopes clinics in over 40 countries across the world.

in 1926, to continue her child psychology practice and expand on areas of psychoanalysis such as the death instinct and the Oedipus complex. Kleinian theory is still influential as a distinctive strain of psychoanalytic theory.

’s leading modernist sculptors. Her work is in galleries and public spaces across the world, for example on the side of the John Lewis building in Oxford Street .

’s first ever female cabinet minister. Former assistant secretary of the Shop Workers Union, she had been the only woman to attend the 1899 Trades Unions Congress.

in 1931. This pioneering aviator broke numerous other flying records during the 1930s and was the first female ground engineer licensed by the Air Ministry. Was killed in a plane crash in 1941, on a mission for the Air Transport Auxiliary.

in 1932, set many flying and aviation speed records. The noted American aviator was the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross and wrote several books. Also an early supporter of equal rights.

. Cole Porter wrote songs about her the Dali Lips sofa is modelled on her and WW2 life jacket became known as ‘Mae West’.

in 1936 decided to produce a map by walking every street. Publishers would not take it so single-handedly proofed, designed and printed it delivered first 250 copies to WH Smith in a wheelbarrow!

. The diary has been translated into many languages and is now studied in schools across the world.

joined the resistance and became the Gestapo ‘most wanted’. Fleeing to England , joined SOE and parachuted back into

. Led 7000 Maquis paving the way for D Day. A comrade said " the most feminine woman I know, until the fighting starts. Then, she is like five men."

. Her lobbying efforts resulted in changing the classification of homosexuality as a mental illness by the American Psychiatric Association.

Lived for 30 years in New York, then after being deported settled in England. Spent her life campaigning for equal opportunities for black people a leader in the National Peace Council Chaired the National Women's Commission founded The West Indian Gazette. Described as the mother of Notting Hill Carnival, as in 1959 she set up its precursor, the Caribbean Carnival, in St Pancras.

In 1955 her refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man led to some of the most significant civil rights legislation of American history. By peaceful and dignified campaigning she became one of the most well respected figures in the civil rights movement.

, sponsored by the American Geographical Society. A technical expert in the War Dept during WW2. In 1955, Boyd flew over the North Pole, the first woman to do so successfully photographing the area around the North Pole and the

’s first female bank manager in 1958 running the prestigious Hanover Street branch of Barclays. She had joined the bank in 1934 as a typist and worked her way to the top.

, relentless critic of the Nationalist Government. Formed a break away party of 12 MPs, but after the 1961 election was sole member of the Progressive Party in Parliament. Only MP to speak out against racial segregation, visited Nelson Mandela in prison at a time when only the white minority enjoyed the right to vote.

’s first and only female Prime Minister in 1966, eventually serving 3 terms. Instrumental in setting up independent

, controversially ordered a raid on the golden temple to remove armed insurgents and as a result was assassinated in 1984.

’s first female Prime Minister 1979�. Redefined the way women are viewed in politics and reaffirmed

as a global player with the ‘Iron Lady’ at the helm. Economic strategy increased home and share ownership, policies termed ‘Thatcherism’.


Sommaire

Avant la guerre Modifier

Le 11 janvier 1897 , Yvonne Claire Cerneau naît à Maisons-Laffitte. Quand sa mère lui en donne l'autorisation, elle accompagne son père dans ses déplacements professionnels. Après la mort de son père, Yvonne s’estime incapable de vivre avec sa mère et va à Londres chercher un travail. En 1920, tandis qu’elle travaille au Galeries Lafayette de Regent Street, elle rencontre Alex Rudellat, de neuf ans son aîné, employé au Picadilly Hotel. Elle l’épouse. En 1922, naît sa fille. En 1929, ils se séparent, mais restent amis et partagent leur temps avec leur fille [ 1 ] .

Résistance Modifier

En mai 1942 , alors qu'elle travaille comme secrétaire à l'Ebury Court Hotel, elle est remarquée par un agent du SOE séjournant dans l'hôtel et elle est finalement recrutée. Elle fait partie de la première session féminine du SOE avec Andrée Borrel, Marie-Thérèse Le Chêne et Blanche Charlet [ 1 ] . Elle commence comme FANY, et suit l’entraînement. Le 17 juillet , en compagnie de deux autres chargés de missions, Nicolas Bodington (numéro 2 de la Section F) et Henri Frager « Paul », elle quitte l'Angleterre pour la France, avec le nom de code « Suzanne » et avec pour fausse identité Jacqueline Gautier. Le trajet initial, qui est un vol vers Gibraltar, est mouvementé : l'avion Whitley qui les emmène subit un tir de chasseurs allemands au large de Brest, fort heureusement sans dommages pour eux.

Le 30 juillet 1942 [ 2 ] , les quatre agents sont infiltrés en France près du lieu-dit Bijou-sur-mer et la pointe-Fourcade, près de Cannes [ 1 ] . Yvonne prend le train, cachée dans le tender à charbon de la locomotive pour passer la ligne de démarcation [ 1 ] , pour Paris, en se faisant passer pour une réfugiée de Brest qui fuit les bombardements. Elle se rend ensuite à Tours en Indre-et-Loire [ 3 ] où elle doit rejoindre l'agent Francis Suttill pour l'aider à remonter un réseau à Paris. Ce dernier n'étant pas encore en France, elle devient courrier (ou agent de liaison) pour le réseau MONKEYPUZZLE de Raymond Flower « Gaspar » [ 4 ] . A bicyclette, elle fait des repérages pour des terrains d'atterrissage possibles, transporte des radios et des explosifs cachés dans ses culottes bouffantes et des messages vers Bordeaux ou Paris [ 4 ] . Ayant des doutes sur les capacités de Raymond Flower, elle s'engage auprès de Marcel Clech et de Pierre Culioli [ 4 ] .

Dans la nuit du 24 au 25 septembre 1943 , Andrée Borrel « Denise » et Lise de Baissac « Odile », les deux premières femmes à être parachutées en France par le SOE, sont réceptionnées par le réseau MONKEYPUZZLE [ Notes 1 ] , [ 3 ] . Dans la nuit du 1 er au 2 octobre . Francis Suttill « Prosper » est parachuté en France pour y mettre sur pied le réseau action PHYSICIAN [ Notes 2 ] , [ 3 ] .

Le 31 décembre , Francis Suttill la désigne comme adjoint de Pierre Culioli pour diriger une branche du réseau Prosper dans le sud de la Touraine. Cette branche est dénommée ADOLPHE [ 4 ] , [ Notes 3 ] . Pierre et Yvonne dirigent et coordonnent dans la région de la Loire des groupes de résistance spécialisés dans le repérage de terrains d'atterrissage, l’organisation et la réception de parachutages, et la réalisation de sabotages. Ils s'installent en Sologne près de Romorantin-Lanthenay, où de nombreux habitants son farouchement anti-allemands [ 4 ] .

Dans la nuit du 15 au 16 1943, avec Pierre Culioli, elle recueille deux agents canadiens, Frank Pickersgill « Bertrand » et John Macalister « Valentin » son opérateur radio, qui viennent établir et diriger le réseau ARCHDEACON dans les Ardennes [ 5 ] . Alors qu'ils les emmènent à la gare de Beaugency en voiture, ils sont arrêtés par un barrage allemand et les deux Canadiens emmenés. Culioli, avec Rudellat, tente alors d'échapper aux Allemands, mais se retrouve face à un nouveau barrage près de Bracieux, où Yvonne Rudellat est touchée par une balle en pleine tête [ 6 ] . La croyant morte, Culioli lance la voiture à pleine allure contre un mur, sans succès. Ils sont alors arrêtés par la police allemande et emmenés à Blois [ 6 ] .

Aux mains de l'ennemi Modifier

Blessée, elle est emmenée dans un hôpital civil de la ville, où les médecins, découvrant que la balle n'a pas touché le cerveau, décide de la laisser à sa place. Pour tenter de la protéger, les membres du personnel médical lui injecte des calmants pour la faire dormir lorsque les interrogateurs de la police allemande viennent pour l'interroger [ 6 ] . Fin septembre 1943 , elle est envoyée au Centre pénitentiaire de Fresnes, partageant sa cellule avec deux autres résistantes [ 6 ] . Enregistrée sous le nom de Jacqueline Gautier, un de ses alias de résistance, elle est déportée à Ravensbrück en août 1944 puis est transférée le 2 mars 1945 vers Bergen-Belsen [ 7 ] où elle est libérée par les soldats britanniques le 5 avril . Atteinte du typhus, elle meurt le 23 ou le 24 avril 1945 et est enterrée dans une fosse commune du camp [ 6 ] .


War in Afghanistan (2005�)

Soldiers from 2 Intelligence Company deployed on operations in Afghanistan from 2005 through the end of combat operations in 2011, and following that on the NATO Training Mission and withdrawal (2012󈝺). Throughout the combat operations period, up to 25 percent of the unit's effective strength was deployed.

2 Intelligence Company personnel served with various formations and units, including at ISAF Joint Command (IJC), Information Dominance Centre (IDC) Kabul, Regional Command South, Task Force Kandahar HQ, Battle Group, Canadian Operational Mentor and Liaison Teams (OMLTs), National Support Element and the All Source Intelligence Centre. Operations conducted include MEDUSA, ATHENA and ARCHER.

Citations

Unit member citations from the war include a Mention in Dispatches October 2, 2007, [43] and a Meritorious Service Medal awarded June 20, 2012. [44]


Yvonne Rudelatt

Yvonne Claire Rudelatt (ur. 1897, zm. 1945) – agentka wywiadu brytyjskiego, z pochodzenia Francuzka. Została zrekrutowana i przeszkolona przez SOE. Była pierwszą z wielu agentek wysłanych pod przykrywką do okupowanej Francji. 17 lipca 1942 roku Yvonne Rudelatt, która na potrzeby operacji przyjęła tożsamość Jacqueline Gauthier, wyruszyła z Wielkiej Brytanii, by przez Gibraltar przeniknąć na terytorium Francji. Ostatecznie udało jej się bez przeszkód dostać do Tours.

Zadaniem Yvonne Rudelatt było – wraz z działającymi już na miejscu Raymondem Flowersem (ps. "Gaspard") i Marcelem Clechem (ps. "Bastien") – utworzenie siatkę agentów o nazwie MONKEYPUZZLE, będącej wyspecjalizowanym oddziałem większej siatki PROSER. Celem MONKEYPUZZLE było tworzenie tak zwanych komitetów powitalnych dla kolejnych agentów przenikających do okupowanej Francji. MONKEYPUZZLE była jedną z najsprawniejszych grup oporu w północnej Francji.

Yvonne Rudelatt została schwytana przez Niemców 21 czerwca 1943 roku po pościgu samochodowym, w trakcie którego została ranna w głowę (postrzał). W wyniku obrażeń straciła pamięć, w związku z czym nie wydała członków swojej siatki. Zmarła 23 kwietnia 1945 roku w obozie koncentracyjnym Bergen-Belsen.


Alun perin rivit olivat täysin erilaiset kuin armeijan, mutta käyttivät samaa arvomerkkiä, vaikka kruunu korvattiin laakeriseppeleellä. Jäsenten piti tervehtiä omia ylimmän virkamiehensä, mutta ei muiden organisaatioiden upseereja, vaikka niin pidettiin kohteliaana.

9. toukokuuta 1941 ATS: n sijoitusrakenne uudistettiin, ja heinäkuusta 1941 lähtien ATS: lle annettiin täydellinen sotilaallinen asema eikä jäsenet enää olleet vapaaehtoisia. Muut riveissä järjestettiin nyt lähes identtinen rivejään armeijan henkilökuntaa, mutta virkamiehet edelleen olla erillinen listalla järjestelmä, joka oli jonkin verran muutettu. Kaikki univormut ja arvomerkit pysyivät samana, vaikka kruunut korvasivat laakeriseppeleet sijoitusmerkinnöissä. Jäsenten piti nyt tervehtiä kaikkia ylempiä upseereita.

Ainoat ylimmän ohjaajan arvon haltijat olivat kolme ensimmäistä johtajaa, jotka ylennettiin heidän nimittämisensä jälkeen, ja prinsessa Mary , joka piti sitä vuodesta 1939 ja nimitettiin ATS: n kunniavalvojaksi-komentajaksi elokuussa 1941.

Kun muut riveissä jaettiin sekoittaa sukupuolta Royal Artillery paristot Anti-Aircraft Command vuodesta 1941, ne olivat suoda Royal Artillery joukkoon ampujan , lance-Bombardier ja Bombardier (eikä yksityisten, Korpraali ja alikersantti), ja yllään RA: n punottu valkoinen kaulanauha oikeassa olkapäässä ja 'kranaatti' kaulusmerkki yhtenäisen tunikkansa vasemman rintataskun yläpuolella.