Side view of battleship Fuso
Here we see a side view of the battleship Fuso, showing her massive 'pagoda' bridge, added during one of her inter-war refits.
Fuso class battleships (1915)
These powerful dreadnoughts were in fact far-off derivatives of the HMS Dreadnought in 1906. Their plans had been designed in Japan for the first time, but they were not the result of previous experience, including that of the Battle of Jutland. Japanese engineers stepped the next level of speed, that of a battle cruiser, while having the classic protection of a dreadnought. And they succeeded in creating the first Asian fast battleship, in line with the new breed designed in UK and Germany (The Queen Elisabeth and Baden classes).
IJN Yamashiro in 1917, testing anti-torpedo nets at Yokosuka NyD (Colorized by Hirootoko JR)
To house her huge machinery able to deliver more than 26 knots, the hull was massive. The Fuso and Yamashiro were laid down in 1912, launched in 1914-1915 in Kure and Yokosuka, and commissioned in 1917. They were by then among the most powerful warships in the world, the very embodiment of imperial ambitions in Asia.
Disputable choices in armament
In terms of armament however, if they could bring to bear twelve 15-in guns, there was emphasis on the broadside. With some external post insight, this was not satisfactory compared to the US solution of having six guns massed in chase or retreat with triple turrets (like on the Pennsylvania and New Mexico classes) while the British already had larger caliber guns. The following Ise and Nagato would follow the same path of twin turrets, probably at first because the Fuso’s turrets and following were closely derivated of British models, and second, because it was a reflection of traditional line of battle tactics like crossing the T. The evolution on this would came after Jutland and gradually massed artillery at the front was seen as more desirable in the 1920s (as seen on Nelson and Dunkerque). The secondary armament in barbettes remained impressive.
IJN Fuso in drydock at Kure, 1933 – reddit. Colorized by Hirootoko JR
IJN policies and the 8-8 plan
The Fuso class ships were the result of the shift in focus from the Russians, soundly defeated in 1905 and no longer a potential competitor, to the presence of the United Kingdom and US Navy with advanced and well-fortified outposts such as Manila or Singapore. Though, the Fuso class was meant to fight first in Japanese territorial waters. Strategist Satō Tetsutarō warned this next confrontational step was inevitable and Japan shall maintain at all time a battleship fleet 70% the US Navy’s strength. In that matter the 1907 program of sixteen battleships (8-8 plan) was ongoing. After the first Japanese dreadnought, the IJN Kawachi class in 1910, the diet curtailed budget for the original plan and after many debates eventually authorized four battlecruisers of the Kongo class (all built in UK) and a single Fuso class BB.
IJN Fuso circa 1916, colorized by Hirootoko JR.
N agato (named after Nagato province) was a battleship of the Imperial Japanese Navy, the lead ship of her class. She was the first battleship in the world to mount 16 inch guns, her armour protection and speed made her one of the most powerful capital ships at the time of her commissioning.
She was the flagship of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto during the attack on Pearl Harbor. She saw action only once, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, due to the Japanese Navy’s strategy of keeping major units in reserve for a decisive battle.
Nagato was laid down at the Kure Naval Arsenal on August 28 1917, launched on November 9 1919 and completed on November 15 1920.
She underwent a major refit in 1936, removing her coal-burning boilers and upgrading her armour and anti-aircraft guns.
At the outbreak of World War II, Nagato, under the command of Captain Yano Hideo, and her sister ship Mutsu formed Battle Division 1. Nagato was the flagship of the Combined Fleet, flying the flag of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. On December 2 1941 Nagato sent the signal Niitakayama nobore 1208 “Climb Mount Niitaka on 12/08 (Japanese Time)” that committed the Carrier Strike Force to the attack on Pearl Harbor and Japan to the Pacific War.
On February 12 1942 Admiral Yamamoto transferred his flag to the new battleship Yamato.
Nagato sailed with the Yamato, Mutsu, Hosho, Sendai, nine destroyers and four auxiliary ships as Admiral Yamamoto’s Main Body during the Battle of Midway in June 1942 but saw no action. She returned survivors of the aircraft carrier Kaga to Japan.
In 1943, under the command of Captain Hayakawa Mikio, Nagato was based at Truk in the Caroline Islands. After the evacuation of Truk in February 1944, she was based at Lingga near Singapore.
She took part in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and on November 25 1944 Nagato arrived at Yokosuka, Japan for repairs. Lack of fuel and materials meant that she could not be brought back into service, and in February 1945 she was reassigned as a coastal defence ship. In June 1945 her secondary and anti-aircraft armament were moved ashore. On July 18 1945 she was attacked at Yokusuka by fighter bombers and torpedo bombers from Essex, Randolph, Bennington, Shangri-La and Belleau Wood and hit by three bombs, one hitting the bridge and killing her commanding officer, Rear Admiral Otsuka Miki.
Side view of battleship Fuso - History
I wonder if anyone can help me identify the image below?
It is either the Japanese battleship Fuso, or her sister ship Yamashiro, pictured before they were reconstructed in the 1930s.
The image was originally labelled Fuso, however our muddled friend Wikipedia thinks that the two vessels were constructed differently and that C turret was rear racing on Yamashiro and forward facing on Fuso. I'm not convinced.
I have an old warships encyclopaedia " Warships of the world " giving a line plan of Fuso pre-reconstruction with a rear facing turret. Sadly, there is no post-reconstruction image for comparison. Of course, being only an encyclopaedia of all warships and not a specialist book, it may also be mistaken.
Now, take a look at this photograph. After being modernised, both ships had the forward funnel removed. Fuso's bridge superstructure sweeps over C turret's turning arc, with a sizeable superstructure built around the centre funnel. Yamashio's bridge superstructure on the other hand was rebuild differently. It does not overhang C turret, whilst the centre island around the funnel is smaller. This photograph suggests to me that the two ships may have been built the same and that they were modernised differently, meaning only after reconstruction did Fuso's turret face forward while Yamashiro's faces rearward.
Coming back to the original photograph posted above: C turret faces rearwards. If there ships were built differently, then the image is definitely Yamashiro, not Fuso. If on the other hand they were built the same then it could be either.
Can anyone clear up at least part of this matter, if not identify the ship for sure?
Description [ edit | edit source ]
The ships had a length of 202.7 meters (665 ft 0 in) overall. They had a beam of 28.7 meters (94 ft 2 in) and a draft of 8.7 meters (28 ft 7 in). ⎚] They displaced 29,326 metric tons (28,863 long tons) at standard load. ⎝] Their crew consisted of 1,198 officers and enlisted men in 1915 and 1,396 in 1935. During World War II, the crew probably totalled around 1,800–1,900 men. ⎞]
During the ships' modernization during the 1930s, their forward superstructures were enlarged with multiple platforms added to their tripod foremasts. The rear superstructures were rebuilt to accommodate mounts for 127-millimetre (5.0 in) anti-aircraft (AA) guns and additional fire-control directors. Both ships were also given torpedo bulges to improve their underwater protection and to compensate for the weight of the additional armor. In addition, their sterns were lengthened by 7.62 meters (25.0 ft). These changes increased their overall length to 212.75 m (698.0 ft), their beam to 33.1 m (108 ft 7 in) and their draft to 9.69 meters (31 ft 9 in). Their displacement increased nearly 4,000 long tons (4,100 t) to 39,154 long tons (39,782 t) at deep load. ⎝]
Propulsion [ edit | edit source ]
Fusō running full-power trials on 10 May 1933 after her first reconstruction
The Fusō-class ships had two sets of Brown-Curtis direct-drive steam turbines, each of which drove two propeller shafts. The medium-pressure turbines drove the wing shafts while the high- and low-pressure turbines drove the inner shafts. The turbines were designed to produce a total of 40,000 shaft horsepower (30,000 kW), using steam provided by 24 Miyahara-type water-tube boilers, each of which consumed a mixture of coal and oil. The ships had a stowage capacity of 4,000 long tons (4,100 t) of coal and 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of fuel oil, ⎟] giving them a range of 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km 9,200 mi) at a speed of 14 knots (26 km/h 16 mph). Both ships exceeded their designed speed of 22.5 knots (41.7 km/h 25.9 mph) during their sea trials Fusō reached 23 knots (43 km/h 26 mph) from 46,500 shp (34,700 kW) and Yamashiro exceeded that with 23.3 knots (43.2 km/h 26.8 mph) from 47,730 shp (35,590 kW). ⎠]
During their 1930s modernization, the Miyahara boilers on each ship were replaced by six new Kanpon oil-fired boilers, fitted into the former aft boiler room, and the forward funnel was removed. The Brown-Curtis turbines were replaced by four geared Kanpon turbines with a designed output of 75,000 shp (56,000 kW). ⎟] On her trials, Fusō reached a top speed of 24.7 knots (45.7 km/h 28.4 mph) from 76,889 shp (57,336 kW). ⎚] The fuel storage of the ships was increased to a total of 5,100 long tons (5,200 t) of fuel oil that gave them a range of 11,800 nautical miles (21,900 km 13,600 mi) at a speed of 16 knots (30 km/h 18 mph). ⎟]
Armament [ edit | edit source ]
Admiral Sankichi Takahashi and the rear 14-inch turrets of Yamashiro in 1934
The twelve 45-calibre 14-inch guns ⎙] of the Fusō class were mounted in six twin-gun turrets, numbered from front to rear, each of which weighed 615 long tons (625 t). ⎡] The turrets had an elevation capability of −5/+20 degrees. ⎢] They were arranged in an uncommon 2-1-1-2 style with superfiring pairs of turrets fore and aft the middle turrets were not superfiring, and had a funnel between them. ⎙] The decision to use six twin turrets rather than four triple turrets greatly affected the entire design of the class because the two extra turrets required a longer ship and increased the amount of armor required to protect the ship to a given standard. The location of the third and fourth turrets proved particularly problematic to the design of the class because the amidships turrets were not superfiring as in the subsequent Ise-class battleships. This further increased the length of the ships because the barrels of the upper turret protruded over the lower turret, requiring more space than a pair of superfiring turrets. ⎣] Mounted amidships along the centerline of the ship, they had restricted arcs of fire, ⎙] and their position forced the boiler rooms to be placed in less than ideal locations. ⎛] Another complication was the need to fit extra insulation and air conditioning in the magazines of the amidships turrets to protect them from the heat generated in the adjacent boiler rooms. ⎡] Originally both amidship gun turrets faced to the rear, but Fusō ' s turret No. 3 was moved to face forward during her reconstruction in order to accommodate additional platforms around her funnel. ⎚]
The main battery of the Fusō class underwent multiple modernizations throughout the ships' careers. During the first reconstruction of both vessels, the elevation of the main guns was increased to −5/+43 degrees, giving a maximum firing range of 35,450 yards (32,420 m). The recoil mechanism of the guns was also changed from a hydraulic to pneumatic system, which allowed for a faster firing cycle of the main guns. ⎢]
By World War II, the guns used Type 91 armor-piercing, capped shells. Each of these shells weighed 673.5 kilograms (1,485 lb) and had a muzzle velocity of 775 meters per second (2,540 ft/s). They had a maximum range of 27,800 meters (30,400 yd) at +30 degrees of elevation and 35,450 meters (38,770 yd) at +43 degrees after modernization. ⎡] Also available was a 625-kilogram (1,378 lb) high-explosive shell that had a muzzle velocity of 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). ⎤] A special Type 3 Sankaidan incendiary shrapnel shell was developed in the 1930s for anti-aircraft use. ⎡]
A twin-gun 127 mm mount on board the Nagato. The mounts used on board the Fusō class were the same model.
As built, the Fusō class was fitted with a secondary armament of sixteen 50-caliber six-inch guns mounted in single casemates along the sides of the hull at the level of the upper deck. Eight guns were mounted per side, and each had an arc of fire of 130 degrees and a maximum elevation of +15 degrees. Each gun could fire a 45.36-kilogram (100.0 lb) high-explosive projectile a maximum distance of 22,970 yards (21,000 m) at a rate of between four and six shots per minute. During their reconstruction in the 1930s, the maximum elevation of the guns was increased to +30 degrees, which increased their maximum range by approximately 900 metres (980 yd). ⎥]
The ships also mounted five or six 40-caliber 76 mm anti-aircraft (AA) guns. The 76-millimetre (3 in) high-angle guns were in single mounts on both sides of the forward superstructure, both sides of the second funnel, and each side of the aft superstructure (Fusō lacked the starboard side aft gun). Each of these guns had a maximum elevation of +75 degrees, and could fire a 6 kg (13 lb) projectile with a muzzle velocity of 680 m/s (2,200 ft/s) to a maximum height of 7,500 metres (24,600 ft). ⎥] Both ships were equipped with six submerged 533-millimetre (21.0 in) torpedo tubes, three on each broadside. ⎙]
The Fusō class's secondary armament changed significantly over time. During the modernizations of the 1930s, all of the 76 mm guns were replaced with eight 40-caliber 127 mm (5.0 in) dual-purpose guns. These guns were fitted on both sides of the fore and aft superstructures in four twin-gun mounts. ⎡] When firing at surface targets, the guns had a range of 14,700 metres (16,100 yd) they had a maximum ceiling of 9,440 metres (30,970 ft) at their maximum elevation of +90 degrees. Their maximum rate of fire was 14 rounds a minute, but their sustained rate of fire was around eight rounds per minute. ⎦] During reconstruction, the two foremost 152 mm guns were also removed. ⎞]
The light AA armament of the Fusō class changed dramatically from 1933 to 1944. During the first reconstruction, Fusō was fitted with four quadruple 13.2 mm (0.52 in) machine-guns, ⎧] while Yamashiro was fitted with eight twin 25-millimeter (0.98 in) gun mounts. ⎨] Both weapons were license-built French Hotchkiss designs. ⎩] The 25 mm guns were mounted on the Fusō class in single, double and triple mounts. This model was the standard Japanese light anti-aircraft gun during World War II, but it suffered from severe design shortcomings that rendered it a largely ineffective weapon. The twin and triple mounts "lacked sufficient speed in train or elevation the gun sights were unable to handle fast targets the gun exhibited excessive vibration the magazine was too small, and, finally, the gun produced excessive muzzle blast". ⎪] The configuration of the anti-aircraft guns varied significantly by the end of their final reconstruction, the Fusō class mounted eight twin mounts. In 1943, seventeen single and two twin-mounts were added for a total of 37. ⎫] In August 1944, both were fitted with another twenty-three single, six twin and eight triple-mounts, for a total of 95 anti-aircraft guns in their final configuration. ⎬]
Armor [ edit | edit source ]
Yamashiro as she appeared in 1944
When the Fusō class was completed, the ships' armor was "typical for a pre-Jutland battleship". ⎭] As built, the armor accounted for a displacement of 8,588 long tons (8,726 t), approximately 29% of the class's total displacement. ⎙] Their waterline armor belt was 305 to 229 millimetres (12 to 9 in) thick below it was a strake of 102 mm (4 in) armor. The deck armor ranged in thickness from 32 to 51 mm (1.3 to 2.0 in). The turrets were protected with an armor thickness of 279.4 mm (11.0 in) on the face, 228.6 mm (9.0 in) on the sides, and 114.5 mm (4.51 in) on the roof. The barbettes of the turrets were protected by armor 305 mm thick, while the casemates of the 152 mm guns were protected by 152 mm armor plates. The sides of the conning tower were 351 millimetres (13.8 in) thick. Additionally, the vessels contained 737 watertight compartments (574 underneath the armor deck, 163 above) to preserve buoyancy in the event of battle damage. ⎮]
During their reconstruction, the armor of the battleships was substantially upgraded. Their deck armor was increased to a maximum thickness of 114 mm (4.5 in), and a longitudinal bulkhead of 76 mm (3.0 in) of high-tensile steel was added to improve the underwater protection. ⎯] This brought the total armor tonnage up to 12,199 long tons (12,395 t), approximately 31% of the total displacement of the Fusō class. Even after these improvements, the armor was still incapable of withstanding 14-inch shells. ⎭]
Aircraft [ edit | edit source ]
A Sparrowhawk taking off from Yamashiro
Yamashiro was briefly fitted with an aircraft flying-off platform on Turret No. 2 in 1922. She successfully launched Gloster Sparrowhawk and Sopwith Camel fighters from it, becoming the first Japanese ship to launch aircraft. When she was modernized in the 1930s, a catapult and a collapsible crane were fitted on the stern, and both ships were equipped to operate three floatplanes, although no hangar was provided. The initial Nakajima E4N2 biplanes were replaced by Nakajima E8N2 biplanes in 1938 and then by Mitsubishi F1M biplanes from 1942 on. ⎰]
Fire control and sensors [ edit | edit source ]
When completed in 1915, the ships had two 3.5-meter (11 ft 6 in) and two 1.5-meter (4 ft 11 in) rangefinders in the forward superstructure, a 4.5-meter (14 ft 9 in) rangefinder on the roof of Turret No. 2, and 4.5-meter rangefinders in Turrets 3, 4, and 5. In late 1917 a fire-control director was installed on a platform on the foremast. The 4.5-meter rangefinders were replaced by 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) instruments in 1923. During Fusō ' s first modernization, four directors for the 12.7 mm AA guns were added, one on each side of the fore and aft superstructures, and an eight-meter rangefinder was installed at the top of the pagoda mast. This was replaced by a 10-meter (32 ft 10 in) rangefinder during 1938. At the same time, the two 3.5-meter rangefinders on the forward superstructure were replaced by directors for the 25 mm AA guns. Additional 25 mm directors were installed on platforms on each side of the funnel. ⎱] [Note 2]
While the ships were in drydock in July 1943, Type 21 air search radar was installed on the roof of the 10-meter rangefinder at the top of the pagoda mast. In August 1944, two Type 22 surface search radar units were installed on the pagoda mast and two Type 13 early warning radar units were fitted. Yamashiro mounted hers on the mainmast, while Fusō was the only Japanese battleship to mount radar on her funnel. ⎲]
Battleship fuso anatomy of the ship map
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Top reviews from the United States There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Reviewed in the United States on May 28, 2014 Verified Purchase Very detailed, well drawn. There is so little information on this ship due to Japan destroying all the information after their humiliating defeat in 1945. The author/illustrator has done an amazing job. This is ideal for modelers except for a lack of coloured pictures to aid in painting your model. This book illustrates the compartments and inner spaces well. If you are building from scratch it would be ideal. Even has a drawing of the ship as it presently lies wrecked on the seabottom. I only wish it had some underwater photos from the Japanese naval expedition to this site. Reviewed in the United States on February 20, 2016 Verified Purchase This book on an individual Japanese Warship is exemplary!! The price was high to obtain this book but not overly priced!! How Mr. Skulski obtain these pictures leaves me breathless!!
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The Battleship Fuso: Fuso (Anatomy of the Ship) Naval Inst Pr (March 1999) | ISBN: 1557500460 | PDF | 256 pages | 63 Mb With the publication of his third book in the Anatomy of the Ship series, Janusz Skulski has produced one of the best single references on any Japanese naval vessel. Most of the best sources for the IJN are unaccessible to the average reader due to language difficulites and Skulski does an admirable job in acccessing Japanese sources. This is an excellect modeler's reference and the drawings are finely detailed. Please, Download from links above to support me
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The Anatomy of the Ship book series by multiple authors includes books Frigate Diana, Type XXI U-Boat, The Battleship Dreadnought, and several more. See the complete Anatomy of the Ship series book list in order, box sets or omnibus editions, and companion titles.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/23/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Fuso-class were "Dreadnought" battleships in service with Japan during both World War and World War 2, the first true Dreadnought battleships in service to the Empire. "Dreadnought" was a name introduced by the British Royal Navy with the commissioning of their HMS Dreadnought, a warship that immediately made all other steel warships obsolete through her uniform use of big guns (12") coupled to steam turbine propulsion with adequate armor protection and speed. Her introduction in 1906 immediately rewrote the books on naval surface warfare.
Such was its impression that many nations raced to match the capabilities of Dreadnought - all pre-existing warships were now referred to as "Pre-Dreadnought". IJN Fuso was laid down on March 11th, 1912 by the Kure Naval Arsenal and launched on March 28th, 1914. Commissioned on November 8th, 1915, "Fuso" carried what was the classic name for the Japanese Islands and represented the lead ship in the two-strong Fuso-class. Her sister ship was IJN Yamashiro and she was launched in 1915 from the Yokosuka Nava Yard.
The Fuso-class was influenced by Japanese experience with the preceding Kongo-class battlecruisers. These ship were assisted in their development by British support and began entering service in 1913. The battlecruisers eventually evolved into truer battleship types and then as "fast battleships" to serve in protection of Japanese carriers heading into World War 2. Compared to the Kongo-class, the Fuso-class was of extended dimensions and provided with battleship-level armor protection from the outset. This, of course, led to a larger vessel of greater drag in the water as well as increased displacement - leading to reduced ocean-going speeds. By design, the Fuso-class Dreadnoughts carried a quarter more armor protection than the preceding Kongo-class.
As built, IJN Fuso exhibited a length of 673 feet with a beam of 94 feet and a draught of 28.5 feet. Its power came from 24 x Miyahara water-tube boilers feeding 2 x Brown-Curtiss steam turbines developing 40,000 horsepower while driving 4 x shafts. Speed reached a serviceable 23 knots with ranges out to 9,200 miles. Her displacement was 29,800 tons when initially put to water.
Her profile showcased a conventional silhouette with a modest bridge superstructure containing the main mast set ahead of midships. Two smoke funnels were seated in line at center with another mast held aft. The bow was of the usual raised, pointed shape and the stern left curved and low. Under a full head of steam, the Fuso could prove something of an elegant vessel as it cut through still waters. Her complete crew complement numbered 1,198 personnel.
Armament centered around the now widely-supported, all-big-gun approach, featuring 12 x 14" (356mm) main guns set across six twin-gun turrets. Two of these turrets sat ahead of the bridge with the third between the smoke funnels. Another was added before the aft mast with the final two paired over the stern. Additional gunfire support came from 16 x 6" (152mm) guns in single-gun turrets spread about her deck design. She also carried 6 x 21" (533mm) torpedo tubes to round out her armament suite.
In terms of armor, Fuso carried 305mm at the belt with up to 51mm thickness on her deck. Her barbettes featured up to 305mm protection with turrets reaching 279mm thickness. The conning tower managed a protection scheme of 351mm thickness.
Once in action, Fuso was used on patrolling ventures off of the Chinese coast during World War 1 but did not play an active combat role in the conflict. After the war, her foremast took on extra spotter platforms to improve situational awareness. Like other Japanese Navy vessels, she assisted in the rescue and recovery efforts following the large Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923. In 1927, she and her sister took on two floatplane aircraft which elevated her over-the-horizon capabilities. Fuso mounted the launching equipment over the third turret amidships.
Beginning in 1930, Fuso entered a period of modernization (her first of two) which lasted until 1935. Her armor was improved and her propulsion system - boilers and turbines - wholly replaced, her speed slightly increased to 24.5 knots through 75,000 horsepower output. Range now reached 13,600 miles. Survivability was increased by the addition of torpedo bulges at the waterline. Her hull was lengthened some at the stern to help retain her speed amidst the added weight - vessel now displaced at 38,000 tons. The bridge superstructure was completed reworked to produce a high-reaching "pagoda-style" foremast which drastically changed her forward profile. Her torpedo launching tubes removed in 1932. While this work was completed in 1935, another modernization was enacted for 1937 which lasted until 1941. From there, she joined the 2nd Division as part of the 1st Fleet along with her sister ship.
By World War 2 standards, the Fuso still retained some combat value though she was not particularly fast nor as well-armed as her Japanese contemporaries. She formed up part of a force that failed to net the carrier group responsible for the famous "Doolittle Raid" in April of 1942. She then supported actions at the Alaskan Aleutian Islands chain in an effort to draw American support away from Midway in May. The Battle of Midway took place from June 4th until June 7th and proved a disastrous failure for the Japanese Navy - four of its aircraft carriers were lost.
From November 1942 to January of 1943, Fuso served in a training role then later came to the aid of the stricken IJN Mutsu, rescuing over 350 personnel. In July, she took on radar equipment (Type 21 air search, Type 13 early warning, and Type 22 surface search) and additional defensive-minded Anti-Aircraft (AA) 25mm cannons (total of 95 guns) before setting sail for Truk in mid-August. She left Truk in February of 1944 to escape an American bombing raid and reached Palau in February but had to disperse one again ahead of an inbound air attack. She served as a training platform at Lingga Island (Indonesia) for a time later to which several support, convoy, and escort missions then followed. As part of Battleship Division 2, 2nd Fleet, she served in the flagship role before transferring command to her sister, IJN Yamashiro, in October.
IJN Fuso's end would come at the Battle of Surigao Strait as part of the wider Battle of Leyte Gulf, Philippines during October 23rd to October 26th, 1944. The Japanese fleet was surprised by a more numerous and overwhelming American naval force which saw Fuso run a through repeated attacks by USN dive bombers, torpedo boats, and battleships (some veterans of the Pearl Harbor attack). Bombs began raked the Fuso and destroyed her catapult system and floatplanes. She also lost all of her crew in the first turret which restricted her firepower projection capabilities. Taking on water into the night, Fuso began to list and confusion set in during the early morning hours when her crews opened fire on her ally, IJN Mogami, killing three. Fuso took on more damage when a torpedo slammed into her starboard side, which made her list further and restricted her speed considerably. The vessel sank - either in one piece or as two sections, accounts vary - around 3:40AM, taking most of her crew with her to the bottom. Her sister ship also met her fate at the Battle of Surigao Strait.
Tactics [ edit | edit source ]
The Fuso employs the same strategies as the Arkansas slow but with powerful guns. Any person who is well affiliated with the Arkansas will find this ship easy to understand.
Whenever facing stronger foes always face your stern at them. The main reason being that 8 of your 12 guns are still capable of firing back while presenting a small profile for enemy shells to hit. Your amazing shell dispersion, which is quite uncommon among IJN BBs will favor you greatly in this kiting away play-style while your foes would be having quite a hard time hitting you due to your small profile and exceptionally good mobility. When employed with speed enhancing flags, such as the Brazilian Flag, Fuso can effectively combat all of the strongest low tier ships, save for the Scharnhorst due to their higher firepower and torpedoes. Don't be afraid to get in close duels either, as Fuso packs a heavy punch for a World War 1 era dreadnought and can leave even South Dakota and Kongo badly mauled even if you do not survive the fight courtesy of its faster reload and decent secondaries. This leaves it as an easy target for any teammates around the area.
When playing alongside with a Fuso
The Fuso takes the role as a support ship. Its slow speed prevents it from fighting in the frontlines, so it usually fires from behind as a long range sniper and supplements damage done by teammates against enemy ships. They make enemies easier to eliminate as you fight them directly.
Although, if one wishes to escort a fellow Fuso, they need to be patient since their ally Fuso can barely catch up.
Playing against a Fuso
While Fuso is the Weakest amongst the japanese dreadnoughts she is not to be taken lightly. Her broadside weight is more than enough to delete up to 47K of your HP at close range with her alpha strike. She is also deceivingly fast for a dreadnought, capable of keeping up with the likes of Dunkerque when fully upgraded. Always avoid a close range confrontation as this is where Fuso excels and can leverage her gun power to blast you to smithereens. Instead, stay far away from her to deny her any alpha strike damage and respond with your own shots. For destroyers it is highly recommended that you use island cover to close the gap and torpedo Fuso, but a gunboat DD like KMS Z20 Karl Galster can be a great counter to the Fuso as well, since it can keep pumping out damage from range while rarely taking any damage in return. For carriers Fuso is basically free damage due to her mediocre AA but be prepared to still face some losses since she is very agile and can make most of your airstrikes go to waste.
IJN Battleship Fuso 1:1 Detailed, With Interior
IJN Battleship Fusō . Leadship of the two Fusō-Class Battleships.
Brief History of the ship:
The Fusō was commisioned in 1915 but didn't participate in actions during WW1.
From 1930-1935 and again 1937-1941 she was modernized. Modernisations
include improvements to armor, a new superstructure, a stronger engine, AA-gun upgrades.
She was sunk during the Battle of Surigao Straight on 22 October 1944 as a result of torpedo hits.
The ship had a lenght of 205m. Her beam was 28.7m and her draft 8.7m. She had a displacement of 29000 - 36000 long tons depending on the amount of load.
The Fusō was a dreadnought battleship from the Imperial Japanese Navy. It's armament featured 12 45-Calibre-14-Inch guns mounted in 6 twin-gun turrets. The final version of the ship featured 14 6-Inch secondary guns. The ship had a wide range of AA guns.
Waterline armor covering the citadel ranged between 305 to 229mm, deck armor ranged between 32 to 51mm.
With a combined enginepower of 56000 kW she reached a speed of up to 24,7 knots.
In Minecraft :
There is partial interior to the ship. For example you can get inside gunturrets, crewbunks or the engine room. Interior is an artists impression and does not resemble the true interior of the ship.
Methods for creating the ship: Worldedit, Hand. Resourcepack used: the Fights Of Cydonia Resourcepack.
You cannot download the ship as a schematic (for now) however you can head over to the Fights Of Cydonia Server where you can fight your way from stem to stern in fun little gungames.
Note: I might replace the AA-Guns with properly modeled ones at one point.
On the morning of March 20, 2005 it was announced that a research team from the University of Hawaii had three days earlier discovered the wreckage of the huge ex-Japanese submarine I-401. The discovery was made during exploratory trial dives off Oahu, whose divers first mistook the upright huge hulk for an outcropping of underwater rocks. However, it was soon determined with examination and video by the submersible PISCES IV that it was in fact I-401, one of the giant Japanese subs designed to carry and launch three specially designed float bomber aircraft. Identification of type was fairly straight-foward, even if the the number "I-401" had not remained so readily distinguishable, and the submarines anti-aircraft guns in nearly perfect condition. With her sister I-400, the submarine that gave the famous class its name and others, the I-401 had been taken to Pearl Harbor in winter of 1946 for study and evaluation. It was later then scuttled off the coast on 31 May 1946, apparently in part to forestall Soviet demands to examine Japanese submarine technology, where they remain to the present day.
Two torpedoes fired by an American submarine, USS CABEZON (SS-334), had sent I-401 to the bottom apparently shattering the forward section in front of the aircraft hanger. The two sections remain in close proximity, and rest in position 21-12'N, 158-07'W some 870 meters deep off Kaleola coast. For more details, see: