These are engravings of animals made with unknown characteristics in Paleolithic art from the north of the Iberian Peninsula.
The cave paintings found in the caves of Aitzbitarte, in the Basque Country (Spain), show aexpansion of the Gravettian style from the Paleolithic period located in what is now France, since it was thought that this characteristic was alien to the ancient settlers of Spain.
This is demonstrated by a study published in Plos One, which analyzes the particularities of the Paleolithic animal engravings found in 2016. «These prehistoric images, mainly representing bison, were drawn in a never seen before in the north of Spain »,detailed the researchers led by Diego Garate, from the International Institute for Prehistoric Research of Cantabria, Spain.
In this sense, they added that "the way the engravings are drawn is more characteristic of southern France and some parts of the Mediterranean," while ensuring that "the study has shown the close regional relationships in western European rock art since very early times, at least 25,000 years ago. '
For this reason, Garate stated that "despite the existence of peculiarities in specific regions," there were«Long distance cultural exchange networks».
Based on this discovery, the researchers stated that the currently accepted iconographic exchange networks should be "reformulated, as well as their correspondence with other elements of material culture in the same places."
Therefore, they consider that the information obtained "reveals a greater complexity in artistic expression during the Gravettian period that had not been considered until now", and also represents a challenge to the "traditional isolation" with which "expressions Cantabrian artistic works during the pre-Magdalenian era ”.