History of Kyoto, the ancient capital of Japan

History of Kyoto, the ancient capital of Japan

Kyoto (Kyoto), capital of the empire of Japan

The 7th century has been the key point that has framed the Kyoto development (Kyoto). From the hand of Hata clan, the considerable settlement and evolution of the Honshu lands went away.

The Emperor Kanmu was the one who gave considerable importance to the town after settle in Kyoto the capital of the Empire, moving it from Heijō-kyō (the current Nara).

The causes that led to the abandonment of the city that was the center of operations of the nation for many years, was due to the fact that they obeyed the intention of being free from Buddhist monasteries that dominated the imperial court located in present-day Nara.

"Capital city"

The name of the capital precipitated a variability of changes that culminated in the called 'Kyoto' in the 11th century.

The move was seen as too risky a move as the project would induce high financial expense.

Japan was ruled by three shoguns in the 12th century, however Kyoto remained the capital of the country, where only military, political and Imperial Court decisions would be governed.

Tokyo, the new capital

It was from the hand of Tokugawa Shogunate where the Civil War that destabilized the country since 1864 was ended, being power centralized in Edo, whose name was changed to baptize it as Tokyo (eastern capital).

As a result of this, Kyoto lost its power, being ruled solely by the emperor and the court, who had to go annually to Tokyo in order to accountable to the Tokugawa shogunate.

After a period of social and political instabilitySince the settlers demanded the restoration of the emperor's power, the shogun was overthrown and the emperor was reinstated as the country's top leader.

Kyoto lost the capital as a result of this, causing the emperor was transferred to Tokyo, who from that moment became the axis of the country's main institutions and decisions.

As a result of this, Kyoto was being forgotten.

After the new University in 1889, the city was showing a gradual recovery.

Likewise, works such as the construction of the Heian Shrine, the Lake Biwa Canal and the arrival of the railway, were aspects that favored the growth of the town.

Kyoto and World War II

Kyoto was the only Japanese city to escape bombing during World War II, which has allowed it to preserve the traditional air that characterizes it.

In World War II, within the American plans, was the possibility of bombarding it through atomic bombs.

It was Henry L. Stimson, United States Secretary of War, who defended the town for being the cultural center that he met on his honeymoon and on subsequent diplomatic visits.

The modernization of Kyoto

At present, certain remodeling has been carried out in the profile of Kyoto they have increased their tourism.

The Japanese high-speed rail network called Shinkansen, in addition to the inauguration of the Kyoto tower in 1964, they gave way to traditional modernization that has meant that a large part of its traditional architecture has disappeared, although it is still possible to find it in various corners of the city.

Images: Stock Photos, by Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.

After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.


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