What was the Concordat of Worms?

What was the Concordat of Worms?

The Concordat of Worms It was signed on September 23, 1122, and it was an agreement signed in the city of the same name between the German Emperor Henry V and Pope Callisto II.

At, end to the investiture dispute, and from that moment on, it would be the church that would choose both bishops and abbots.

This designation corresponded to him, until then, to the civil power, a tradition since the time of Otto.

Origin of the investiture conflict

The Investiture Conflict began when Pope Gregory VI, denounced in 1044, the corruption that had been generated with the otonic system.

The ecclesiastical dignitaries were appointed by the civil authorities of the Holy Empire, authorized to grant them not only the temporal but also the spiritual endowment.

The clergymen who received fiefdoms, they accepted the same obligations to power as other feudal lords, thus becoming officials of the empire.

Many of the scandals that shook the foundations of the medieval church had their origin in this system, due to the spread of simony and other immoral behavior were totally linked to the influence that lay power exerted on the ecclesiastical hierarchy.

The insistence on reform on the part of the popes after Gregory VI, led to the Concordat of Worms, in which the emperor promised to respect the pontifical and episcopal appointments.

All decisions made in the Concordat of Worms, they were ratified a year later, in 1123, in the well-known Lateran Council.

Document: Concordat of Worms

The original document that Pope Callisto II gave to Henry V was lost, but in the Vatican Archive yes there is the one that the emperor gave to the pontiff, also known as «Privilegium Calixtinum».

The document, very sober, establishes the commitments that the emperor agreed to assume before the church. Thus, it follows from him, the following:

Thus, the double investiture for bishops was established: the ecclesiastical, what corresponded only to the Church, Y the feudal, which corresponded to the emperor, who, however, had to do it from that moment on only with the scepter Y not with the ring and the pastoral staff.

The Emperor's Promise begins directly on the first line:

Ego Henricus, Dei gratia Romanorum imperator augustus, pro amore Dei et Sanctae Romanae Aecclesiae et domini papae Calixti et pro remedio animae meae, resign Deo et sanctis Dei apostolis Petro et Paulo Sanctaeque Catholicae Aecclesiae omnem investituram per anulum et bacullesum, et bacullesum concertos , quae in regno vel empire meo sunt, canonicam fieri electionem et liberam consecrationem.

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