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Before the great pantheon of ancient Greek gods and Egyptian gods, were the ancient Mesopotamian gods, inhabitants of the Middle East in present-day Iraq and Iran, and in some texts of these civilizations the Anunnaki are mentioned, also called Anunaki, Anunna or Ananaki.
The Anunnaki served as the main gods of the ancient Sumerians, as well as for Akkadians, Assyrians and BabyloniansBut descriptions of how many there were and what role they played are often contradictory.
They were ancient Sumerian gods, the most powerful of the pantheon and descendants of the supreme deities: An Y Ki, god of the heavens and the goddess of the Earth respectively. Your mission: decree the destinies of all mankind.
The Babylonian creation myths for his part, he says there was 300 Anunnaki assigned to protect the sky and others 300 to protect the Underworld.
The Anunnaki and Modern Pseudohistory: Zecharia Sitchin
We fast forward to the 19th century, when archaeologists discovered dozens of ancient Babylonian clay tablets. The collections were so vast that research and translations on them continue to this day.
The Azerbaijani author Zecharia Sitchin wrote a book that promulgated translations of 14 specific tablets related to Enki, "Planet 12", Where he states that the ancient Sumerians said that the Anunnaki came from a mythical planet called Nibiru.
NibiruAccording to Sitchin, it has an elongated orbit of 3,600 years. When Nibiru was close to Earth at a distant time, the Anunnaki decided to approach the planet about 450,000 years ago, landing in Sumeria.
Its objective: they needed gold to repair the atmosphere of their planet, but not being able to extract it themselves, they created a race of beings called humans to do the work for them.
Sitchin's book sold millions of copies and together with his predecessors, the Swiss author Erich von Danniken and the russian author Immanuel Velikovsky, formed the triumvirate of pseudo-historians who believe that ancient texts they are not mere mythological stories.
The three men expressed that the ancient Babylonian texts, among others, they were scientific journals. Instead of seeing the Anunnaki as mythical gods from heaven, these three men believed that the Anunnaki they were aliens.
Humans, therefore, they were forced to serve the extraterrestrial teachers that they needed the mineral wealth of the Earth to sustain their civilization.
Leading scholars and historians roundly reject the notions of Sitchin and his colleagues. Ancient Babylonian stories are just that - stories written by ancient people who were trying to explain their world in a way that made sense to them.
Modern science and collective human knowledge have since advanced to explain floods, astronomy, animals, and a host of other concepts that were once considered the works of supernatural gods.
There is no doubt about one thing: the ancient Babylonians were more advanced than historically believed. A clay tablet translated in 2015 shows that astronomers made extremely precise mathematical calculations for the orbit of Jupiter a total of 1400 years before the Europeans did.
The Babylonians would also have created trigonometry 1000 years before the ancient Greeks.
Does this mean that the ancient Sumerians had foreign visitors who taught them advanced science and mathematics? Did ancient civilizations have access to high-powered computers or technological tools that allowed them to perform complex calculations? Too unlikely and considered today unanimously in the community as pseudoscientific theories.
No one knows what the ancient Sumerians were thinking when they wrote about the Anunnaki. Historians denounce the alien theorists, and they in turn believe that there is no way ancient human civilizations could have known complex mathematics without the help of more advanced beings.
The lingering questions and mysteries about Anunnaki they may have nothing to do with aliens, but rather a lack of information about ancient cultures.
What little we know of Sumer comes from clay tablets written in an ancient language that is not spoken today. To know more, archaeologists must find more writings from that time period.