A set of ceramic pieces found in the Wari archaeological complex, in Ayacucho (Peru), reveals valuable information about the origin of the Wari civilization, the first Imperial State of Peru, which served as the basis for the development of the Inca Empire.
The archaeological site, considered the capital of this complex and well-organized pre-Hispanic civilization (600-1200 AD), is located 25 km northeast of the city of Ayacucho.
José Ochatoma, archaeologist from the San Cristóbal de Huamanga University and principal investigator of the Wari complex, the images of the 45 restored ceramics reveal that the origin of the Wari civilization is linked to the Nazca and Huarpa cultures.
The decorative elements include representations of coastal animals and marine products such as algae, fish and octopuses, etc., similar to those found in the iconography of the Nazca culture, indicating that this civilization influenced the origin of Wari.
The Nazca culture influenced the Wari civilization
Ochatoma added that “the research shows that Wari is not the result of simultaneous influences from the Nazca and Tiahuanaco cultures as previously thought, but that the decisive influence of Nazca was first, Y later influenced by Tiahuanaco, when Wari experienced its greatest development ”.
The archaeologist also explained that the restoration of the ceramics found requires a lot of time and dedication, since there are pieces of different sizes.
"The studies carried out revealed that ceramic used to be destroyed as part of Wari rituals. Therefore, it is very difficult to restore them to their original state ”, he declared.
The Huarpa culture
On Huarpa culture, which would also have given origin to the Wari civilization and it preceded it, very little is known.
"New research has shown that there is evidence of a very dense occupation of Huarpa prior to the urban occupation of Wari," Ochatoma explained.
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