Michael II the Amorion, also known as Michael “the Stammerer”, was emperor of the Byzantine Empire between 820 and 829 CE. He founded the short-lived Amorion dynasty, named after his hometown in Phrygia, which would last until 867 CE. Surviving the major rebellion and siege of Constantinople led by Thomas the Slav, the emperor's reign witnessed little else of success as the empire continued to crumble at its edges, with Sicily and Crete being notable losses.
Michael hailed from the strategically important city of Amorion (aka Amorium) in Phrygia, the capital of the military province of Anatolikon. Amorion protected the road from the Cilician Gates to the Byzantine capital Constantinople. Michael was a seasoned military commander in the Byzantine army and is described by the historian J. J. Norwich as "a bluff, unlettered provincial…of humble origins, with an impediment in his speech" (131). Michael rose to become Emperor Leo V the Armenian's (r. 813-820 CE) right-hand man and was given the top job of Commander of the Excubitors, an elite regiment of the palace guard.
Michael wanted rather more, though, and he took his chance and seized the throne in 820 CE in one of the most shameless and shocking episodes of self-promotion the Byzantines had witnessed, and they had seen a good few over the centuries. Michael's supporters did not go for the quiet stab in the back down a dark alley assassination plot but murdered the reigning emperor right in front of the altar of the Hagia Sophia church, and on Christmas day of all days.
Michael was saved from execution by his supporters who disguised themselves as a choir of monks & butchered the emperor.
Actually, Michael and his supporters had been rather pushed into this dramatic action as he had just been condemned to death by Leo the day before - the novel method of execution decided upon involved tying the victim to an ape and putting the pair into the furnaces which heated the palace baths (quite what the ape had done to deserve his sentence is unclear). Michael, accused of plotting a rebellion and confessing his guilt, had been due to be executed on Christmas Day but Leo was persuaded by his wife Theodosia that such an act was not a particularly appropriate one for that special day and so the sentence was postponed to the day after. The decision was a fateful one, and Michael was saved from this ignominious end by his supporters who disguised themselves as a choir of monks and butchered the emperor. Leo proved not such an easy target, though, and he defended himself, according to legend, with a large metal cross for an hour before finally succumbing to the assassins who lopped off his head.
Michael II was immediately released from his prison and crowned, still wearing his chains around his ankles as no one could find the keys. Meanwhile, Leo's mutilated body was dragged naked around the Hippodrome of Constantinople for public ridicule. Leo's wife and children were exiled to the Princes' Islands where the four sons were subsequently castrated. The Isaurian dynasty, which had had eight emperors, one empress, and ruled since 717 CE, was swept away, and the Amorion dynasty begun.
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Thomas the Slav
Fortunately, Michael benefitted from Leo V's defeat of the Bulgars in 814 CE and the sudden death of their leader, the Khan Krum. A 30-year peace allowed both the Bulgars and Byzantines to concentrate on other threats. Unfortunately, though, almost immediately, Michael had to defend his throne against a rival usurper, the fellow general Thomas the Slav (although actually from Gaziura in Asia Minor). Rallying support from those outraged at Leo V's murder and backed by all but two of the provinces (themes) in Asia Minor, Thomas led a damaging three-year rebellion against Michael's regime.
The charming and wily Thomas made sure he appealed to just about every group who might have a grievance against the emperor - the overtaxed poor, those in the Church who opposed Michael's (albeit moderate) stance against the veneration of icons in the Byzantine Church, and even those old followers of the deposed Constantine VI (r. 780-797 CE) - bizarrely, Thomas even claimed to actually be the blinded Constantine VI and had himself crowned as such in Antioch. Thomas, unknown to the majority of his followers, was actually receiving cash from the Caliph Mamun (r. 813-833 CE) and in return, he would probably have turned Constantinople into a fiefdom of the Abbasid Caliphate.
Crucially, Thomas could also call on the naval fleet of the province of Kibyrrhaiotai, located along the southern coast of Asia Minor, and the height of the crisis came when Thomas besieged Constantinople from the sea in December 821 CE. Heavy winter storms saw off the initial attacks, and then, in the longer term, the massive fortifications of the city, the Theodosian Walls, and the judicious placement of catapults and mangonels ensured the capital resisted Thomas' own catapults and siege engines.
The emperor was also fortunate to have the Bulgar Khan Omurtag (r. 814-831 CE) as an ally. Omurtag's army helped to finally break the stalemate and end the siege in March 823 CE. Thomas' army was crushed on the plain of Keduktos near Heraclea and swept up by Michael's force riding out from the capital. Thomas fled the scene and, with a mere handful of followers, barricaded himself in the fortified town of Arcadiopolis. Michael pursued his foe and laid siege to the town, nicely reversing the roles of attacker and defender. Thomas held out for a few months, but he and his men were forced to eat their own horses to survive. Finally, in October 823 CE, Michael offered a pardon to the defenders if Thomas was handed over. Thus, the would-be usurper was captured and executed, first having his feet and hands cut off and then his body impaled on a stake.
There were significant defeats at the hands of the Arabs in both Crete & Sicily.
The Eroding Empire
Michael might have survived a siege at home and put down the greatest rebellion the Byzantine Empire had ever witnessed but farther afield events were anything but encouraging. There were significant defeats at the hands of the Arabs in both Crete and Sicily in 825 CE and 827 CE respectively. Crete, in particular, became a major problem for just about everyone in the Mediterranean as it turned into an impregnable base for pirates, while the city of Candia (Heraklion) developed into the biggest slave market in the region. Michael launched three separate attacks on the island between 827 and 829 CE but all failed to retake it. The loss of parts of Sicily would also have significant repercussions as the Arabs used it, like so many armies before and after them, as a landing stage to attack and conquer southern Italy.
Relationship with the Church
Michael had been only a moderate iconoclast who did not take very much interest in the debate which some of his predecessors had fuelled by their persecution of those who venerated icons. He even pardoned such notable iconophiles as Theodore of Studium, and his moderate policies generally made him popular with both sides of the debate. One area which did ruffle some ecclesiastical feathers was the emperor's second marriage. As an important representative of the Church, the ruler was not meant to remarry, but after Michael's first wife Thecla died, he married Euphrosyne, the daughter of Constantine VI. To make matters worse, Euphrosyne was a nun. Nevertheless, Michael managed to get around the Church and the past vows of his betrothed to marry his new sweetheart, who, with her royal blood, also gave his reign and, more importantly, his heir, an air of legitimacy.
Death & Successor
Michael died of natural cause in October 829 CE and he was succeeded by his son Theophilos (r. 829-842 CE), then aged just 25. It was Theophilos who would continue where Leo V had left off to vehemently continue the destruction of icons in the Church and the persecution of those who venerated them. Theophilos was succeeded by his son Michael III (r. 842-867 CE), the last of the Amorion emperors whose early reign was dominated by his regent mother Theodora.
Prince Michael Jackson II Bio, Wiki, Childhood, Lifestyle, Net Worth & Rumor
Prince Michael Jackson II, more popularly known as Blanket Jackson and later, Bigi Jackson, is the third and youngest child of music icon Michael Jackson. His life is private yet controversial because of his birth, his association with his famous dad, and the mystery of his mother’s identity. It’s only right that this article clears up several things about this famous celebrity offspring.
Career Focus: N/A
Popular Works: Second son of Michael Jackson
Date Of Birth: 21-02-2002
Current State & Country: Calabasas, California, USA
Home State & Country: Le Mesa, California, USA
Net Worth Income: $33,000,000
Educational Credentials: The Buckley School. He receives his education at Michael’s famous estate, The Neverland Ranch.
The reason why Michael chose to have Prince Michael was because he thought of the idea of having a ‘designer baby’. His previous wife, a nurse named Debbie Rowe, could no longer conceive a third child due to old age and health issues. This is why Michael went for the next best option – IVF. He said that he wanted to have a child that was an exact clone of himself.
Because of his young age and his privacy, nobody is sure whether Prince Michael intends to follow in his dad’s path and become a popstar himself. However, according to his elder brother, Prince, Jackson is very good at dancing and even knows how to do their dad’s famous Moonwalk. Prince Michael Jackson is also supposedly into video games and martial arts. He has a black belt in karate. Prince Michael’s own singing skills are also at par with his father’s. A fan also caught him busting out some dance moves backstage during a tribute concert to his father in 2011.
His favorite games include Lego Worlds, Assassin’s Creed, and Dragon Quest Heroes.
Career History Of Prince Michael Jackson II
Jackson is currently a student at The Buckley School in Sherman Oaks, California. He lives a private life, and is not as social as his other siblings. However, he tends to make rare public appearances on occasion, especially at fan events that honor his late father. In 2009, during a televised memorial for his father, Jackson and his two siblings spoke to Michael’s adoring fans, telling them that they missed him as well.
His first TV appearance was on the documentary Living With Michael Jackson, which aired in 2003. This is a documentary that focused on Michael’s family life. When he and his siblings were still very little, Michael asked them to put on masks when they go outside, so they won’t get photographed by zealous fans and the paparazzi. Other appearances with his siblings included the 52nd Grammy Awards (In which they received an award in honor of their father), The X-Factor, and The Oprah Winfrey Show.
Personal Life Of Prince Michael Jackson II
Prince Michael Jackson’s birthday is on February 21, 2002, in California, USA. His father is music legend Michael Jackson. What’s interesting about Prince Michael Jackson is that his mother’s identity has not known. Even the ‘mother’ part in his official birth certificate has been left blank. Records have stated that Jackson’s birthplace is in Sharp Grossmont Hospital, located in Le Mesa, California, a place near San Diego. After Jackson’s birth, people said that he was the spitting image of his famous dad – From his dark brown eyes, his olive skin, and long dark hair.
Jackson has two older half-siblings, from Michael’s marriage to Rowe: A brother named Prince Michael Jackson (born February 13, 1997), and a sister named Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson (born April 3, 1998). Jackson comes from a very musically-talented family. His uncles, Jackie, Jermaine, Tito, Marlon, and Randy are famous around the world as the Jackson 5. And of course, there’s his famous auntie, Janet.
His dad calls him ‘Blanket’ as an affectionate nickname. Michael used to call him that around his loved ones and family members. According to Michael, he saw little Jackson as a blessing and it was his own way of showing off his care and love for his three children. But now, as a teenager, Jackson prefers the nickname ‘Bigi’ – He claimed that the kids at school were bullying him because of that nickname. Jackson has since requested that everyone stop addressing him as ‘Blanket’ from now on.
Jackson was only seven years old when his father suddenly died on June 25, 2009 – This news not only rocked the entire music industry, but the whole world. After that, his grandmother, Katherine Jackson, became the legal guardian of Jackson and his siblings. Michael’s nephew TJ is also Jackson’s official guardian. She moved her son’s kids at a huge estate in Calabasas. According to sources, among all of Michael’s three children, Jackson was the one who took his death the hardest.
Net Worth Of Prince Michael Jackson II
Michael left each of his three kids over $33 million each. Prince Michael Jackson, meanwhile, will inherit his father’s millions once her turns 30, and everyone expects that this will grow up to $300 million. As of 2017, his current net worth is at $100 million. It’s not surprising that Prince Michael Jackson will be super rich once he becomes older. In fact, certain media outlets are comparing him with another young millionaire, Barron Trump – The youngest son of US President, Donald Trump.
Controversial News On The Life & Career Of Prince Michael Jackson II
Prince Michael Jackson’s very first public appearance is already controversial – It happened when his dad dangled and suspended him over a balcony rail at a hotel in Germany. Jackson was only 11 months old when this happened. Media and paparazzi started paying attention to the young baby afterwards.
Rumors And Frequently Asked Questions About Prince Michael Jackson II
Information about Prince Michael Jackson’s biological mother is under wraps, and will always be a mystery to the public. He has a surrogate mother, which he hides from the public. Michael himself apparently chose a Mexican nurse, simply known as ‘Helena’, to become Jackson’s surrogate mother. Michael went through several profiles of other women before choosing Helena to be the mother. He looked at her photos, did a background check, took a closer look at her family history, and even met up with her once. There are rumors that Michael selected Helena because she was a fair-skinned US citizen, despite being of Latina descent. Helena is a woman in her 30s, 5’4”, has a slim build, with olive skin and long, dark hair, just like Jackson.
Michael supposedly paid Helena a whopping $20,000 surrogacy fee so she can have Prince Michael Jackson. Michael showered Helena with all sorts of expensive gifts, cash, and hired a staff to meet her needs. Prince Michael Jackson was conceived through IVF. Michael donated his cells, while Helena donated her eggs. Helena has a payment at least $3,500 for her contribution, and had to sign several papers. There are also rumors that Prince Michael Jackson is Michael’s only real biological child.
Biography of Prince Michael Jackson II
Blanket Jackson is interested in sports since childhood. That’s why he chooses material arts for his career. He spends more than 3 hours a day in material arts.
He keeps his physical state well maintained and also takes a nutritional diet for his fit active body. His height stands at 6 feet. He always keeps long hair but there is no tattoo on his body.
Blanket always wears simple geniun clothes. In 2015, his school time his friend teases him for his name so he changed his name Blanket to Bigi.
Then he gives more focus on his art career. Apart from material arts, he is also good at sports. He doesn’t disclose any hints about his girlfriend and personal life to the media.
Even he loves to spend his time alone. He likes to play video games in his free time. He mostly played Assassins Creed, Dragon Quest Heroes, and Lego Worlds Video game.
He has also appeared in many stage shows with his siblings. His father Michael Jackson left every one of his three children over $300-400K each. Blanket, in the interim, will acquire his dad’s millions once her turns 30.
Catherine the Great
During the reign of Romanov leader Catherine II, also known as Catherine the Great, the Russian Empire grew larger and stronger. The period of Catherine’s rule to 1796—is often called the Golden Age of the Russian Empire.
Catherine II was a sophisticated patron of the arts, and during her reign, Russia adopted Western European philosophies and culture.
In later years, a campaign by Russian Emperor Alexander I represented a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars. The French invaded Russia in 1812 at the height of Napoleon Bonaparte’s power. Alexander I’s army defeated the French troops, dealing a major blow to Napoleon’s reputation and weakening his leadership over much of Europe.
Michael Jackson HIStory II
American entertainer Kenny Wizz enjoyed great success in this county some years ago when he toured Michael Jackson HIStory.
American entertainer Kenny Wizz enjoyed great success in this county some years ago when he toured Michael Jackson HIStory.
That success, buoyed by many glowing reviews, led to his quick return with a revamped version, Michael Jackson HIStory II, which was even more well-received by audiences and critics. Wizz is now preparing to tour Australia once again with Michael Jackson HIStory II although, as he explains, the show is continually being updated. “We are always tweaking it,” he says ahead of the show’s seven-date Australian tour that will take it to most capital cities along with some regional centres from mid-March until early April. “Whenever you have a successful show you don’t want to just live off that,” he continues. “You want to continually see it change and grow and always challenge yourself. And it was the same with Michael Jackson himself. Anything he had success with, Michael always wanted to better it. So we’ve changed the show around a little since last time. There’s a couple of new songs in there and we’ve changed the format slightly.” The entertainer grew up in Los Angeles around the time The Jackson Five first came to attention. “They were constantly being played on local radio after they moved there in the early 70s,” Wizz explains. “So they became part of the culture. Of course, they became a worldwide phenomenon but because they were living in Los Angeles, you couldn’t help but be exposed to them and their music because it was just about everywhere.” Originally a street performer, Wizz enjoyed a decade-long run with his Jackson tribute show in Las Vegas but, out of respect, ceased presenting it when Michael Jackson passed away. He was eventually swayed to put it back together at the request of Michael Jackson’s many fans. “I’d never done the show for my own personal gain but when a major artist dies, there’s always the perception that tribute shows are cashing in on someone’s death,” Wizz says. “Here come the dollar signs. So it was out of respect that I stopped doing the show. I also felt I had already done as much as I could – I’d taken it all over the world – but after a certain period of grief following Michael’s death, doing the show again seemed like it was part of the healing process for myself and his fans. And being back on stage did really serve as a great healing process for me,” he concludes. Michael Jackson HIStory II Her Majesty’s Theatre Tuesday, March 18
They Were White & They Were Slaves: The Untold History of the Enslavement of Whites in Early America
One of the biggest excuses blacks use to explain their communities collective failure is how the white man enslaved them. Black slavery is one of the biggest topics in American public schools as it is used to instill a sense of guilt in whites. The topic of black slavery is also used to enrage blacks and make them feel like their “owed” something by whites. It also seems give a lot blacks a slave mentality where they have no desire to bring themselves up and are happy living off social programs One of the biggest excuses blacks use to explain their communities collective failure is how the white man enslaved them. Black slavery is one of the biggest topics in American public schools as it is used to instill a sense of guilt in whites. The topic of black slavery is also used to enrage blacks and make them feel like their “owed” something by whites. It also seems give a lot blacks a slave mentality where they have no desire to bring themselves up and are happy living off social programs funded by the American tax payer. If only public schools taught the real history of American slavery, there wouldn’t be an unofficial civil war going on between whites and blacks. One only has to read statistics to find out things in America aren’t quite right.
Apparently, at least ½ but up to 2/3 of the original whites American were brought here as slaves by English. These individuals weren’t “Indentured Servants” but people held against their own will. People were enslaved by the English for being poor, vagrants, criminals, orphaned, or even being Irish (most of the slaves). The English enslaved mainly Irish, Scottish, and English people. A good percentage of these individuals died in slavery on the ship ride to America, being over worked, diseases, starvation, beatings, murder, and other horrible untold things. The slaver masters abused white slaves worse than blacks as the white slaves were expendable (blacks were much more expensive both in price and to take care of). Whites were also expected to do harder labor than blacks. Young white slave boys children, were often used as “human brooms” while cleaning chimneys, and died working.
"They Were Slaves and They were white" goes into detail about all these things and much more. Author Michael Hoffman II also has his claims and facts sourced cited mainly from official documents from the time period the events happened. Hoffman exposes the lies and disinformation of mainstream liberal historians and examples from their misleading books. "They Were Slaves and They Were White" is an important book with information that would completely change race relations in America if exposed to the mainstream. Although “rednecks” are blamed for America’s history of racism, most of their ancestors were slaves. Blacks owned blacks as slaves, Cherokee Indians owned blacks as slaves, and whites owned whites as slaves. With all this talk of “reparations,” will most white Americans get reparations too? . more
Michael Jackson &lrm&ndash HIStory - Past, Present And Future - Book I
"HIStory - Past, Present And Future - Book I" was Michael Jackson's 9th studio album and first published in June 1995. It also included the first officially-called greatest hits compilation on Epic Records. It sold over 40 million copies worldwide and was therefore commercially less successful than his predecessor "Dangerous".
Source of Tracks (HIStory Begins):
- Off The Wall [Tracks 4, 5 & 13]
- Thriller [Tracks 1, 9, 10, 11 & 14]
- Bad [Tracks 2, 6, 7 and 8]
- Dangerous [Tracks 3, 12 & 15]
HIStory Begins and HIStory Continues were also released separately.
Re-issues of HIStory feature a number of changes when compared to the original 1995 release:
⇒ "Scream" – The future release of the album censor some parts of the chorus as it feature Michael and Janet cursing.
⇒ "They Don't Care About Us" – As this song became controversial for its jewish lyrics, same with Scream it censor those parts.
⇒ "HIStory" omits it's original intro and got replaced with a new intro with a little similarity as the original.
⇒ "Come Together" is shortened in the abum release but the original full version was released in 1992 included in the Remember The Time single.
⇒ "Smile" went through few changes on the album. It was released with the original mix, then re-issued with the single edit, which only have few instrumentation changes. Then shortened down, shorter than the single edit, but having the same instrumentaion. But other re-issues feature the original release mix.
Nazi anti-Semitism and the origins of the Holocaust
Even before the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, they had made no secret of their anti-Semitism. As early as 1919 Adolf Hitler had written, “Rational anti-Semitism, however, must lead to systematic legal opposition.…Its final objective must unswervingly be the removal of the Jews altogether.” In Mein Kampf (“My Struggle” 1925–27), Hitler further developed the idea of the Jews as an evil race struggling for world domination. Nazi anti-Semitism was rooted in religious anti-Semitism and enhanced by political anti-Semitism. To this the Nazis added a further dimension: racial anti-Semitism. Nazi racial ideology characterized the Jews as Untermenschen (German: “subhumans”). The Nazis portrayed the Jews as a race and not as a religious group. Religious anti-Semitism could be resolved by conversion, political anti-Semitism by expulsion. Ultimately, the logic of Nazi racial anti-Semitism led to annihilation.
Hitler’s worldview revolved around two concepts: territorial expansion (that is, greater Lebensraum—“living space”—for the German people) and racial supremacy. After World War I the Allies denied Germany colonies in Africa, so Hitler sought to expand German territory and secure food and resources—scarce during World War I—in Europe itself. Hitler viewed the Jews as racial polluters, a cancer on German society in what has been termed by Holocaust survivor and historian Saul Friedländer “redemptive anti-Semitism,” focused on redeeming Germany from its ills and ridding it of a cancer on the body politic. Historian Timothy Snyder characterized the struggle as even more elemental, as “zoological,” and “ecological,” a struggle of the species. Hitler opposed Jews for the values they brought into the world. Social justice and compassionate assistance to the weak stood in the way of what he perceived as the natural order, in which the powerful exercise unrestrained power. In Hitler’s view, such restraint on the exercise of power would inevitably lead to the weakening, even the defeat, of the master race.
When Hitler came to power legally on January 30, 1933, as the head of a coalition government, his first objective was to consolidate power and to eliminate political opposition. The assault against the Jews began on April 1 with a boycott of Jewish businesses. A week later the Nazis dismissed Jews from the civil service, and by the end of the month the participation of Jews in German schools was restricted by a quota. On May 10 thousands of Nazi students, together with many professors, stormed university libraries and bookstores in 30 cities throughout Germany to remove tens of thousands of books written by non-Aryans and those opposed to Nazi ideology. The books were tossed into bonfires in an effort to cleanse German culture of “un-Germanic” writings. A century earlier Heinrich Heine—a German poet of Jewish origin—had said, “Where one burns books, one will, in the end, burn people.” In Nazi Germany the time between the burning of Jewish books and the burning of Jews was eight years.
As discrimination against Jews increased, German law required a legal definition of a Jew and an Aryan. Promulgated at the annual Nazi Party rally in Nürnberg on September 15, 1935, the Nürnberg Laws—the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour and the Law of the Reich Citizen—became the centrepiece of anti-Jewish legislation and a precedent for defining and categorizing Jews in all German-controlled lands. Marriage and sexual relations between Jews and citizens of “German or kindred blood” were prohibited. Only “racial” Germans were entitled to civil and political rights. Jews were reduced to subjects of the state. The Nürnberg Laws formally divided Germans and Jews, yet neither the word German nor the word Jew was defined. That task was left to the bureaucracy. Two basic categories were established in November: Jews, those with at least three Jewish grandparents and Mischlinge (“mongrels,” or “mixed breeds”), people with one or two Jewish grandparents. Thus, the definition of a Jew was primarily based not on the identity an individual affirmed or the religion he or she practiced but on his or her ancestry. Categorization was the first stage of destruction.
Responding with alarm to Hitler’s rise, the Jewish community sought to defend their rights as Germans. For those Jews who felt themselves fully German and who had patriotically fought in World War I, the Nazification of German society was especially painful. Zionist activity intensified. “Wear it with pride,” journalist Robert Weltsch wrote in 1933 of the Jewish identity the Nazis had so stigmatized. Religious philosopher Martin Buber led an effort at Jewish adult education, preparing the community for the long journey ahead. Rabbi Leo Baeck circulated a prayer for Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) in 1935 that instructed Jews on how to behave: “We bow down before God we stand erect before man.” Yet while few, if any, could foresee its eventual outcome, the Jewish condition was increasingly perilous and was expected to worsen.
By the late 1930s there was a desperate search for countries of refuge. Those who could obtain visas and qualify under stringent quotas emigrated to the United States. Many went to Palestine, where the small Jewish community was willing to receive refugees. Still others sought refuge in neighbouring European countries. Most countries, however, were unwilling to receive large numbers of refugees.
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". a new and startling perspective on the slavery issue." --Instauration magazine.
". an excellent book. " Revilo Oliver, PhD., University of Illinois
Paperback, illustrated 137 pages.
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Phelps vs. Shark
For the 2017&aposs Shark Week, Michael Phelps raced several breeds of sharks. The team developed a special device to measure each shark’s speed using bait. Phelps wore a monofin to approximate the movements of a shark (and get a bit of added propulsion). They did not swim the 100 meters side by side but rather individually in the same open water, with CGI images of the sharks displayed alongside Phelps as he raced. Their times were later compared.
"Honestly, my first thought when I saw the shark was, &aposThere&aposs very little chance for me to beat him,&apos" Phelps said.
The hammerhead shark swam the distance at 15 miles per hour, while the great white shark swam at a whopping 26 miles per hour. Phelps only beat the reef shark by 0.2 seconds, clocking in at 6 miles per hour.