Peruvian and Columbian War Breaks Out - History

Peruvian and Columbian War Breaks Out - History

Peruvian and Columbian War Breaks Out
Peruvians seized the Amazon border town of Leticia. This action sparked a two-year war that ended when the League of Nations restored the area to Columbian control in 1933.


Amazon Union

Amazon Union(/ˈæməˌzɑːn ˈjuːnjən/ ( listen)) officially the Amazon Union is a sovereign state located in South America. It borders Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay to the South, Peru and Colombia to the West, and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and France to the North. With a population of 18, 630, 903 people, it is the 61st biggest in terms of population. The population is similar to the one of Burkina Faso.

Amazon Union was a part of the Portugese Empire until 1815 when Brazil declared independence. This made the people of Amazon furious as they had to side with a big country that didn't want to help them again. After protest there were 2 wars. The first Amazonic-Brazilian war and the second Amazonic-Brazilian war. In the first war the Amazonic people won control over the states Roraima, Amazonas and Acre. In the second war, they got control over the rest of the land they own to this day.

It's capital is the largest city, Manaus. It has 1 official language, Portugese. It also has lots of small languages in the Amazon region, but they aren't recognized as the national language as Portugese is mainly used.


1435: The Congress of Arras. A diplomatic congregation established between representatives of England, France, and Burgundy. Deadlock continues over the claim to the French crown and Philip the Good rejects reconciliation with Charles the Dauphin, calling papal legates pushing the agreement “vipers.” Duke Philip d'Bourgogne/the Good instead officially swears fealty to Henry VI and arranged the marriage of his sister, Agnes of Burgundy, to the young monarch. John, Duke of Bedford, dies on 13 September. (PoD)

1437: Henry VI takes full power, with Humphrey Lancaster, Duke of Gloucester and Richard York, Duke of York, who argued for a continuation of the war as his closest advisors.

1438-1439: Albert von Hapsburg, Archduke of Austria, King-elect of Germany & King of Hungary & Croatia crowned King of Bohemia, but dies the following year, leading to civil war won by George von Podiebrad in support of Ladislas Postumus von Hapsburg

1439: Eric von Gryf of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, is deposed and replaced by his nephew, Christopher Pfalz-Neumarkt "the Bavarian". The latter is later proclaimed King of Denmark at the Viborg Assembly (Danish landsting) on 9 April 1440, King of Sweden in 1441, and Norway in June 1442.

1440: The official functions of the Dual Monarchy established as Henry VI moves his court to Paris, but promises to return to England to hold parliament every year. This eventually only become every five years as Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, becomes de-facto viceroy until his death in 1447.

1451: The First Navarrese Civil War erupts as John II, seeking to integrate the Navarrese realm into the Crown of Aragon is opposed by his son and heir, Charles, Prince of Viana.

1453: Ladislaus Posthumous von Hapsburg, Archduke of Austria & King of Hungary & Croatia is elected King of Bohemia, but dies 4 years later.

The Byzantine Empire comes to an end with the fall of Constantinople

Edward Lancaster (Édouard), Prince of Wales and Dauphin of Viennois (later to be known as the Red Prince), is born in Paris, the first Plantagenet to be so. Richard, Duke of York, leads a raiding army into southern France, making it to Arles before turning back to his temporary base at Dijon.

1454: Charles d'Bourgogne, son of Philip the Good of Burgundy, weds Margret of York, daughter of the Duke of York, the most powerful man in the Plantagenet realms.

1455: Charles of Viana, styled Charles IV of Navarre, flees to France and later Naples. John II declares victory, despite still fighting a Civil War within his own domains in Aragon.

1457: George von Podebrady elected King of Bohemia, he would negotiate with Pope Callixtus III and reach an agreement that allowed Bohemia to return to the Catholic Church.

1457: John Charles d'Bourgogne, is born to Charles the Bold and Margaret at Brussels.

1458: George of Podebrady elected King of Bohemia. He manages to reach agreement with Pope Pius II in exchange for minimal reforms in the church in Bohemia and non-intervention by the HRE in Bohemia's internal affairs, papal authority is upheld in Bohemia and Hussite ideas muted.

1460: The Despotate of the Morea is annexed into the Ottoman Empire

1461: The Empire of Trebizond is annexed into the Ottoman Empire with the fall of Trebizond

1464: Castillian War of Succession: King Henry IV de Trastámara of Castile is deposed in favor of his half-brother, Alfonso.

1465: Charles the Bold becomes Duke of Burgundy and begins his reign with a two year, merciless campaign in central France.

1468: With the death of Alfonso, Isabella, the half-sister of Henry IV, becomes the new candidate of the rebels nobility. Rather than continuing the civil war, Isabella preferred to negotiate with Henry IV. After several meetings in Castronuevo a preliminary agreement is reached that would put an end to the civil war. This is formalized in the Treaty of the Bulls of Guisando on September 18. With the treaty the allegiance of the whole Kingdom of Castile is to return to the King and Isabella becomes his heiress, receive the title of Princess of Asturias as well as a large endowment. Isabella is to marry only with the consent of the King. Finally, Juana, the King's daughter, is removed from the line of succession to the throne through the annulment of Henry's marriage to his wife.

1469: Margarete of Denmark (b. 1456), daughter of Christopher the Bavarian and Dorothea of Hohenzollern, marries King James III Stuart of Scotland in July at Holyrood. She was engaged to James of Scotland in 1460. The marriage was arranged by recommendation of Henry VI to end the feud (1426-60) between Denmark and Scotland about the taxation of the Hebrides islands. Her father agreed on a remarkable dowry to her. He however was strapped for cash, so the islands of Orkney and Shetland, Norwegian crown possessions, were pledged as security until the dowry was to be paid.

1470: Isabella is married to John de Aviz, Prince of Portugal, bringing about the eventual union of the two kingdoms within a generation.

1471: Ladislas II Jagellon is elected King of Bohemia.

1471: The French War of Succession: The Battle of Vichy, the largest French army assembled since the 1450s is crushed by Edward, the Red Prince, during an attempt to reconquer Gascony. Soon after, Henry VI dies in his sleep and Edward rushes from the campaign to be crowned in Paris (as Édouard I of France) and the following year in London (as Edward IV). He also this year forms an alliance (focused on dividing the remnant of the French realm) with John II de Trastámara ‘the Great’ of Aragon, sealing with by marrying his youngest daughter Joanna (b. 1454).

1471-1478: Charles the Bold begins war which will last for most of the decade to destroy Lorraine and oust Swiss influence in southern Alsace. It culminates in the defeat of René II de Lorraine and his allies at Nancy (October 21, 1477).

1472: Matthias Corvinus van Hunyadi ‘the Just,’ King of Hungary, elected King of Bohemia, leading to the Bohemian War.

1475: The Ottoman Empire annexed the Principality of Theodoro.

1478: Bohemian War ends with Hungary annexing Moravia, Silesia and Lusatia from Bohemia.

1479: The Despotate of Epirus is Annexed into the Ottoman Empire

1480-1484: The War on the Rhine: Duke Charles of Burgundy faces Emperor Frederick III von Hapsburg over the possession of Alsace. The better-equipped, better-organized Burgundian army takes Mulhausen and decisively defeat the Imperial army at Colmar (1481). With the neutrality of the emerging Dual Monarchy assured, Burgundy moves to annex various HRE principalities along the Rhine (Cologne, the Palatinate, Lower Alsace). Mainz hastily makes itself an ally of Burgundy. At the request of the defeated Frederick III and other German princes of the HRE, the famed King of Bohemia enters the war. At the head of a coalition of his armies, the remains of the Imperial armies defeated at Colmar and Swiss forces, he invades Burgundy's newly-acquired Alsatian possessions. After a drawn-out campaign with significant losses on both sides, Matthias Corvinus and Charles the Bold meet near Mainz when the Burgundian forces attempt to reach Frankfurt. At the Battle of Nieder-Olm (1483), Matthias Corvinus wins a pyrrhic victory over the Burgundian army, at the cost of heavy losses. Both sides, exhausted and unable to decisively win the war, seek to end it.

1483-1492: Second Navarrese Civil War: Supporters of the legitimate Queen of Navarre, Catherine de Foix, faces off against those of her uncle, Jean de Foix. The support of Jean of Albret, who would go on to become Catherine's husband would be instrumental in securing Catherine's position.

1484: The Treaty of Frankfurt: While covertly gathering funds to raise new forces in the following year, Charles arrives at Frankfurt to negotiate with the Emperor and the King of Bohemia. Knowing that Charles would be willing to fight to the bitter made the allies soon cave to his conditions:

*Burgundy keeps the land it won during the war, though with nominal compensation to previous holders, including the Habsburgs.

*In exchange, Burgundy renounces war against fellow HRE states and re-affirms the status as part of the HRE of their possessions outside the old French borders.

*Burgundy is raised to Kingdom status, with Charles crowned by the Emperor at Aachen. The treaty grants Burgundy most of what Charles wanted, and his coronation as King by Frederick III (which the latter had denied for years) is a big loss of face for the Emperor. The German states, unhappy at the treaty, widely blame him for the loss faced by the German princes.

1485: Charles the Bold dies campaigning in France. His son, John III of Lotharingia, will be the first of the dynasty to rule entirely a monarch.

1486: The Imperial Election for King of the Romans. Maximilian I von Hapsburg versus Ladislaus II Jagiellon. Ladislaus elected with the exception of Saxon and Brandenburgian electors, with the condition that he would give up any claim to the Polish throne and not attempt to further consolidate the powers of his realms (he was already confirmed as heir to Corvinus in both Croatia and Hungary).

Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain conquers the Moroccan city of Arzila.

The Spanish Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition is established by the Catholic Monarchs Isabella I of Castile and John II of Portugal.

1487: Bartolomeu Dias rounds the Cape of Good Hope on the southern tip of Africa, proving false the view that had existed since Ptolemy that the Indian Ocean was land-locked. Simultaneously Pêro da Covilhã, traveling secretly overland, reaches Ethiopia.

1489-1490: M. Christophe Columbus of Bayonne gains a commission from Edward IV Lancaster to find a western path to Asia in order to under cut the Spanish (Porto-Castilian) monopoly on exploration and commerce. On October 12 of that year, he landed at what is today Bourg-du-Roi, Carolina. Exploring the coast further south down to the Florida Keys, he believed he had landed in Japan, not realizing he was the first modern European to land on the North American continent. He builds a fort at St. Francis (modern Arnaudville), gathers up whatever precious items and ‘Indians’ he can gather and returns to France.

1490: Frederick III abdicates the Imperial crown in ill health and the King of Bohemia and Hungary succeeds him as Emperor Ladislaus I.

1490-1492: Anglo-Franco-Breton War: Anne de Dreux-Montfort of Brittany marries John III of Burgundy, mostly out of the growing power and stability of the Plantagenet Dual Monarchy. In response, Édouard IV (and later, Louis XI) wage war, conquering and incorporating the Duchy of Brittany into the royal domain.

1493: Christophe Columbus's discovery for the Dual Monarchy of the New World, which he believed to be Asia, lead to disputes between the Anglo-French and Spanish. These are eventually settled by the Treaty of Pamplona which divides the world outside of Europe in an exclusive duopoly between the Anglo-French and the Spanish, along a north-south meridian 370 leagues, or 970 miles (1,560 km), west of the Cape Verde islands. In practice, however, the next thirty years would see Spanish explorers, conquistadors, and settlers violate the Treaty, further complicated by the entry of Burgundian freebooters and explorers into the mix.

1495: John II, King of Portugal and Co-Monarch of Castile, dies. Isabella abdicates and their son, Afonso (or Alfonso) VI becomes sole ruler of Portugal, Castile, and the growing oversea dominions.

1495-1498: Vasco da Gama’s expedition reaches India.

1495-1498: Columbus’ second voyage the discovery of Cuba, Galatia (otl Hispaniola), the Windward islands, and the Amazonian coast. Three major settlements founded in “Japan” and two more in Galatia.

1497: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain conquers the important Moroccan trading port of Melilla.

1498: The Valois French realm has shrunk to just including a little beyond Provence, Languedoc, and Auvergne. Charles VIII de Valois agree with papal aid to make peace with Louis XI (r. since 1491).

*The Plantagenet dynasty are recognized as the Kings of France by both their original claims (from Edward III) and the terms of the Treaty of Troyes.

*The Valois are allowed the title “Kings in France”.

*Louis XI promises to maintain peace with Charles VIII and his heirs, ceasing to do anything that would undermine the realm of latter or those of his vassals.

1499-1504: Amerigo Vespucci explores the coast of Mexico and Central America searching for a passage. After establishing a base on Kuba (or Cuba as the Spanish spell it ), he sails south along the South American coast as far as the Silver River (later part of Neo Anglia/Beornia), only then returning to Lisbon.

1500: John (Hans), King of the North (the new title created in 1497 for the Kings under the Kalmar union), dies in Dithmarschen along with his son and heir-presumptive Christian. His nephew, James IV Stuart of Scotland, was soon invited to take the crown, thus adding Scotland to the personal union.

1500-1512: Aragon under Ferdinand II conquers the major cities of the Algerian coast and fights the Turks for naval supremacy around Sicily and in the Aegean. Barcelona soon rivals Venice and Istanbul for dominance of Mediterranean commerce and wealth.

1510-1530: The Diseases from the conquest of Mexico spread south, killing Huayna Capac. But his heir, Ninan Cuyochi, survives and inherits the entire empire. Atahualpa, who is the general in charge of the northern armies, and the Incan city of Quito encounters the early Spanish explorers. The Incans have access to simple Iron weapons and Horses, but they didnt learn of Guns, Steel or War Dogs, so the Spaniards still have a military advantage. Atahualpa realizes this, and sides with the Spaniards, hoping to have himself crowned Emperor.

1512-1516: Both Aragon and the Dual Monarchy would fight a conflict over who would control Navarre. The conflict saw the Anglo-French annexation of Foix & Bearn, while Navarre fell into the Aragonese Sphere of Influence.

1513: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain conquers the Moroccan city of Azamor, the last major conquest of Morocco before the fall of the Wattasid Dynasty.

1515: The Field of Golden Cloth. The Jagiellon brothers (Ladislaus the Emperor and Sigismund of Poland) meet with Louis XI in Balinghem, between Guînes and Ardres, in France, near Calais. A treaty of alliance is made (focused against Scotland-Kalmar mainly) and sealed with the double wedding of Louis Jagiellon to Mary, first daughter of Louis XI, and Anne Jagiellonica of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of Ladislaus, to Arthur Philip Augustus, Prince of Wales and Dauphine of France. Louis XI passed away at Paris shortly only a month after.

1516: Emperor Ladislaus I passes in while visiting Hungary and is quickly succeeded by his young son as Emperor Louis V (II in Hungary and Bohemia) both in the Empire and his respective realms.

1517: Hernan Cortez receives a commission from Alfonso VI to take an army of 800 men and 10 ships to ‘explore and serve as an envoy’ to the mysterious Empire of the Aztecs.

1518: Huldrych Zwingli first proclaims his reformed doctrines in Zurich.

1520-1525: Spanish Conquest of Mexico: Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuba invade the Aztec Empire, and with the help of the Tarascans, overturn and destroy the Triple Alliance, as well as their capital of Tenochtitlan in 1522. This would be followed by the subjugation of the other Mexican Tribal States.

1521-1524: Second Navarrese War: An attempt by Aragon and Navarre to regain their territories in Lower Navarre ends in failure, confirmed via the Treaty of Madrid, which ends official Aragonese support to regain lost territory.

1522: Zwingli at the Diet of Worms. Zwingli debates against Church jurist Martin Luther before the Emperor and the audience believes he has won. Louis Jagiellon is convinced by the papal legate to jail Zwingli, but men sent by Francis I, King-in-France and Count of Provence help the preacher to escape. This leads to war between Provence & the Dual Monarchy

Ottoman-Jagiellon Wars: Suleiman I, Sultanate of the Ottoman Empire launches an invasion of Jagiellon Hungary and Croatia.

1525: The Provencal War ends with The Dual Monarchy annexing Augverne from Provence, but continue to harbor Zwingli.

1526: Ottoman-Jagiellon Wars: The Battle of Mohacs is fought, and ends in a decisive Ottoman victory. Louis I escapes death, but Croatia and Hungary is lost. A holy league consisting of Hungary, Austria, Poland-Lithuania and the remnants of Hungary is formed to counter further Ottoman expansion.

1527: Zwingli is tried and executed as a heretic in Avignon. As news spreads north catholic clergy all along the Rhine are attacked in retribution as churches and monasteries are seized or destroyed by Reformists. In Flanders, Zeeland, Hainault Holland and elsewhere the clergy is already Reformist and escapes attack. King Jean, increasingly swayed by Reformist elements institutes a clamp down but establishes royal control of seized Church properties under the pretext of protecting them. In Savoie catholic populations are effectively exterminated in the cities by Provencal immigrants who begin to turn even on more moderate Reformists. The militant elements are co-opted with an offer to settle in what will become Valoisie.

The Colony of Fort Lothere is founded in Ameriga.

The Spanish Conquistadors are defeated by the Dong Guo Colonies in the Battle of Yongle.

1528: The Colony of Nouvelle Amsterdam is founded in Ameriga.

The Saadi Dynasty vanquishes the last Wattasid Sultan of Morocco. The following years would mark great victories against the Spanish, nearly removing them entirely from Morocco proper.

1529: The Colony of Philippa is founded in Acadia.

1529-1530: Ottoman-Jagiellon Wars: The Siege of Brno is fought, and would prove to be the limit of expansion for the Ottomans, ending in defeat. A treaty is signed in Vienna, confirming the partition of Hungary between Jagiellon-controlled Royal Hungary (OTL Slovakia), and the Ottoman controlled Hungarian territories, collectively under the Budin Eyalet.

1530: Philippe IV openly delcares for the Reformists and dissolves the various monstaries and bishoprics within Burgundy, devolving church power to local parishes and siezing church property for the crown. With Flanders, Holland, Sovoie,Alsace, Burgundy, and Hainault all firmly Reformist, Philippe finds resistance localized only in Gelders, a scattering of cities in the northern Rhine and further south in Trier, and with moderate Protestant elements in Friesland. Philippe even moves the capital to Anvers in the more economically prosperous but also strongly Reformist region of Flanders. Uneasy peace is kept with the Empire, even as Burgundy agrees to protect the Duke of Wurttemberg and other converts within the Empire.

1530-1539: Atahualpa's armies, along with The Spanish openly rebel, using Equador as a base of operations, they score some early victories against Ninan Cuyochi. Ninan Cuyochi, desperate for allies, makes contact with the various Chinese city-states of Dong Guo, asking for assistance. They agree to make raids on the northern Spanish settlements, and to provide some guns to the Incans. Simultaneously Burgundian explorers moving up the Amazon make contact with The Incan Empire, and Ninan Cuyochi desperately asks them for help. The explorers eventually send word of this to the King of the Dual Monarchy. He agrees to provide them with support, in exchange for a yearly tribute of silver. While this was happening, the Spaniards and Atahualpa managed to take Cuzco, but Burgundian public declaration of support for the Incans, and a rebellion in Mexico, partly caused by Dongese raids, caused the Spaniards to turn back. When Atahualpa protested against this, the Spaniards had him killed, leaving them in full control of the northern Andes.

1532: Pope Clement VII calls for a crusade against the King-in-France. The Valois openly embrace the reformation and kill all the clergy in Avignon but is later crushed by Plantagenian & Imperial Armies. Francis I Valois is deposed and Philip VII is made Count of Provence and King in France to prevent Anglo-French conquest of Provence.

1535: The colony of Nouvelle Bruges is founded in Arcadia.

The Viceroyalty of New Spain is founded in Arcadia, and would include the territories of OTL Mexico, Mesoamerica and Cuba ruled from Mexico City, formerly Tenochtitlan.

1537: The English Parliament is formally dissolved by Henry VII, and all its asseys absorbed into the Estates General.

1538: The Ottoman Empire conquers the Hedjaz, Nejd, Al Haasa & Yemen. Nejd & Al Haasa were given to the pro-Ottoman House of Rasheed, the Emirs of Ha'il.

1542: The Viceroyalty of New Granada is formed in Ameriga, representing the territories of the Granada region, ruled from its viceroyal seat of Cartagena.

1547: Ottokar III Jagellon becomes King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. His marriage to Elizabeth von Hohenzollern leads to the personal union between the Kingdom of Bohemia & the Margraviate of Brandenburg. The colony of Port Valois is founded in Acadia.

1550: Ottokar III Jagiellon begins the counter-reformation in Germany, targeting Protestant princes in the Northern and western parts of the Holy Roman Empire.

1566: Alfonso XIII expands the capabilities of the Spanish Inquisition. They would go on to play a major role in the plans of Hispanifing northern and eventually, all of Morocco.

1567: Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoy expels the large Reformist population of the Duchy, sparking a series of proxy wars between Burgundy and the Dual Monarchy as they back rival claimants in Savoy, Provence and Lombardy. Hostilities never break out between the two openly. Catholic Anglo-French backed claimants succeed in all three wars drawing on support from majority Catholic populations and a successful inquisition that has operated over the last four decades. In the new world however, Burgundian colonists successfully strike southward annexing Catholic colonies to the Valoisie.

1573: The Irish Wars begin due to the independent policies of the Irish Earls against the Dual Monarchy.

1584: The Treaty of Saint Denis: The Dual monarchy recognizes Burgundian holdings in the new world and the Reformist status of the neighboring Kingdom. In exchange Burgundy agrees not to support any future Reformist uprisings in Northern Italy and Provence.

1587: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Alfonso XIII launches an invasion of Morocco, conquering the Rif by the end of the year and threatening to conquer Fes.

1589: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: The Battle of Xauen: Alfonso XIII, and Moroccan sultan Muhammad II die in a battle hailed as a Moroccan victory, albeit a Pyrrhic one. Fernando VI and Ahmad al-Mansur would be crowned monarchs by their respective Kingdoms.

1598: Anglo-French Wars of Religion: The Dual Monarchy faces off against significant threats to its government, mainly in the form of French Protestants (with limited support from the Valois of Provence) and the English Anglicans (with support from Scandinavia).

1600: Arauco War: The Mapuche of the Chiefdom of Purumauca fights English conquistadors in various limited engagements after a major victory in the Battle of the Graham's River.


1605: An angry crowd, spurred by religious strife, executed the Bohemian-appointed governor of Berlin and declared Bandenberg Independent from Bohemia, thus starting the Imperial Religious War, provoking the Protestant lands of Northern Germany, Scandinavia and Burgundy against an alliance of Bohemia, Austria, Bavaria and Poland.

1607: The Last of the Irish Wars, the Nine Years' War, concludes with Ireland incorporated into the royal domain.

1614: Anglo-French Wars of Religion: Francis I issues the Edict of Nantes, in which he claims the title of Rex Christianissimus & condemns Anglicanism and Hugenism. A mass exodus would follow in the following years, with Hugenots fleeing to Burgundy and Provence, and Anglicans fleeing to Scandinavia and what would become Beornia.

1615: Imperial War of Religion: The Battle of Neubrandenberg ends with a near annihilation of the Bohemian Army and the Scandinavian conquest of Pommerania.

1616: Imperial War of Religion: The Dual-Monarchy allys itself with the Catholic League. Burgundy declares peace.

1619: Imperial War of Religion: Franco-English-Bohemian Force defeats the Scandinavian Army at Melnik

1621: Imperial War of Religion ends. Bohemia Annexes Saxony, while Scandinavia annexes Pomerannia and disbands the Hansa. The HRE employs freedom of worship.

1635: The Father Pilgrims of the Anglicans flee Anglo-French England for Ameriga, where they establish the city of Camelot. Arthur I Sussex becomes King of New England.

1669: The Neuwelt Hansa is formed in the Burgundian colony of New Burgundy from the shattered remains of the Hanseatic League following the Imperial Wars of Religion.

1696-1700: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Taking advantage of a Civil War and Algerian invasion, Spain invades once more, conquering the territory of the Moroccan Kingdom of Fes.

1696-1717: The Kandy Wars take place, where the Dual Monarchy, in a series of three wars, establish the Crown Colony of Ceylon.

1720-1723: Hungary granted limited independence as a vassal state

1750: Zhourao (Eastern Australia) sucessfully made a state.

1750: The city-states of Dong Guo unite into a semi-democratic federation.

1765: Édouard VI Plantagenet of the Dual Monarchy dies, leaving the succession disputed between his twin sons, the liberal Charles and the conservative, deeply religious Henri. Charles is forced to flee Paris, and runs off to the New World.

1767: Having gathered a sizable army of supporters, Charles seizes Nouvelle Orleans and stakes his claim to the throne of the Dual Monarchy, beginning the War of the Anglo-French succession.

1770: With Scandinavian support and total control over the Dual Monarchy's North American possessions, Charles invades France. However, he is decisively beaten in battle at Rennes.

1771: The Treaty of Brest is signed: Charles relinquishes his claims on the throne of the Dual Monarchy, but is confirmed as ruler of the new, independent Kingdom of Plantagenia in North America. He is subsequently crowned as Charles I Plantagenet of Plantagenia in Nouvelle Orleans.

1790: Revolt breaks out in Germany against the dominance of the 'Catholic Block' of the Bohemian Jagiellon Emperors, the Habsburgs and the Wittlesbachs, as well as the feudal institutions of the HRE. Emperor-King Wenceslas VIII begins the process of centralizing the HRE.

1792: Having seized control of much of central and northern Germany, the Revolutionaries begin a systematic decimation of the aristocracy through the use of the Guillotine.

1795-1800: Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud begins his conquest of Arabia, conquering Nejd and Ha'il and proclaiming his new Arabian sultanate. He would begin to launch attacks on the Hedjaz, but is stopped by the Ottomans, who stop them, and confine them to their territories.

1795: The German Revolutionaries are permanently defeated by the Imperial Army at the Battle of Leipzig. To the horror of Burgundy and Scandinavia, the Bohemian Emperors begin to institute sweeping reforms aimed at centralizing the Empire. Scandinavian troops invade Brandenburg, beginning the Great German War.

1800: In order to finance the war in Germany, Burgundy and Scandinavia institute new taxes in their American colonies. Resistance grows quickly.


1802: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain invades Morocco once more on the pretext of foreign intervention during a Civil War.

1802- 1805: Neo-Burgundian Wars of Independence: A revolt breaks out in the colony of New Burgundy. The small Royalist garrisons are quickly overrun and the Seven Republics is established. With its army tied down in Europe, Burgundy can do little to quell the uprising. Lotharingia in South America follows shortly afterwards.

1804: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Marrakech, Capital of the Sultanate of Morocco and of the titular Kingdom of Marrakech falls to the Spanish. The Sultan flees to the port city of Agadir.

1808: Vinland revolts against Scandinavia who, like Burgundy, are powerless to stop the revolt.

Spanish-Moroccan War: After a lengthy siege, Agadir is conquered by the Spaniards, and the last Saadi Sultan, Abd al-Malik III, is captured. He would go into self-exile in Paris with his harem, where he would die in 1836.

1810: In an attempt to revitalize its failing empire, Spain tightens the central administration of its colonies. However, this provokes unrest.

1815: Gran Colombian War of Independence: A revolt breaks out in Mexico and the First Mexican Republic is proclaimed. However, Spain quickly defeats the revolutionaries.

1817: Hungarian Revolution begins, but is nearly crushed by the Ottoman Empire.

Lotharingian Loyalist Party flees to Beornia

1818: Burgundy and Bohemia begin sending soldiers to support the Hungarians. Gran Colombian War of Independence: A more widespread revolt breaks out throughout the Spanish colonies in 'Gran Columbia'. The Second Mexican Republic and Republic of Santandera are created.

1819: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The various revolutionary groups in Spanish America join together in a loose confederacy called the 'Columbian Alliance'.

1819-1821: War of the Double Alliance: Vinland and Plantagenia, fearing Septiman threats of destroying their new independent states, declares war on the Seven Republics. What results is a decisive victory over both nations, expanding their territories North and South.

1820: Hungary achieves independence from the Ottoman Empire

Loyalist Armies retake Lotharingia from the Monarchists in a 3-month long Civil War.

The Great German War draws to a close as Austria and Bavaria agree to a peace deal in exchange for being recognized as independent Kingdoms. Despite winning a decisive victory against the Scandinavians at Magdeburg, Vaclav VIII of Bohemia is forced to realise that he cannot realise his ambitions of continental hegemony alone, and sues for peace. The HRE is severely reduced in size, but Vaclav will not give his goal of becoming the undisputed King of the Germans, and Central Europe is left in an uneasy status quo.

1821: Wenceslas VIII of Bohemia dies in suspicious circumstances. Assassination on the orders of the King of Burgundy is suspected, but not proven. His 5-year-old son Zsigmond V inherits the crown.

1822: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The armies of the Columbian Alliance are decisively defeated in San Salvador, and an uneasy peace is reached with only Mexico-Lusitania remaining independent.

1824: The Conference of Naples sees Martin Ferdinand Alfonso de Trastámara, Prince of Aragon claim the throne as Alexander I, in exchange for Aragonese support in its future endeavors of independence.

1824-1827: Greek War/Glorious Revolution: Greeks under General Zimisces revolt against the Ottoman Empire but is initially defeated, however support from Aragon, the Knights and Venice helped the Greeks defeat the Ottoman Empire. Venice annexed various Greek Islands and Greece proper is placed under the protection of Venice.

1825: Influenced by ideals spreading from Spanish America, a revolt breaks out in Amazonie. The Dual Monarchy, increasingly disinterested in the New World and not desiring to be bogged down in a lengthy colonial war, agrees to the creation of the Amazonian Republic.

1826: Gran Colombian War of Independence: A fresh wave of revolts break out in Spanish America, lead by Simon Bolivar. Mexican troops invade Guatemala and the Columbian Alliance is reborn. The Republics of Santandera, Quito and Arequipa are created, joining the Alliance.

1828: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The Alliance conquers Central America and the new Republics of Mayapan, San Salvador, Matacalpa and Panama are added. The desperate Spanish strike a deal with the Sapa Inca Huayna Capac IV, promising him Arequipa and Quito if he helps to force the revolutionaries to submit.

1829: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The Incans invade Peru, capturing Cusco and advancing up the Andes towards towards Quito. The War of the Double Alliance: a war breaks out between the recently independent nations in Arcadia, with Vinland and Plantagenia forming the "Double alliance" in October 1829, and then attacking the newly named Belgian Confederacy, in order to take its valuable and industrious lands, and possibly partition the nation entirely.

1830: Gran Colombian War of Independence: Alliance forces under Simon Bolivar defeat the Incans at Lima- but Bolivar is killed. The Alliance becomes dominated by Mexico. The War of the Double Alliance: Vinland and Plantagenia launch a joint invasion from north and south, lead by general Géraud de Faucigny, the invasion was successful at first, with the Vinlandic forces under general Lars Dubenson, where their forces marched across the province of Carolina quickly and they occupied the town of Nijverdal fell quickly, but the siege of Blegny took over three months due to the general Louise Geloes-Randwijck's successful defense of the city. Blegny fell fast after general Louise retreated to Waldwisse. On the other end of the Double Alliance the Plantagenians were a lot slower in there advance, mainly occupying the large town of Bruxelles-Atlantique, which was sieged and took two months to fall. It all came together at the the town of Waldwisse where many Belgian generals strategically retreated to so that they could group there armies together. With the Plantagenians attacking before the Vinlandic forces were there, and when they arrived their forces were tired and de-moralized leading to them losing the battle. After a disastrous defeat against the Belgian Confederacy forces by the joint Vinlandic-Plantagenian forces at the Battle of Waldwisse, the Vinlandic and Plantagenian forces scattered back to their initial borders, and the Belgians went on the offensive. The Battle of Waldwisse gained General Louise Geloes-Randwijck fame amongst the Belgian Confederacy Army, and he was soon promoted to Marshal of all of the Belgian Confederacy forces.

1832: Gran Colombian War of Independence: Huayna Capac IV sues for peace with the Columbian Alliance. The Alliance begins a full-scale invasion of Castilla. The War of the Double Alliance: Belgian forces freed the large town of Bruxelles-Atlantique and moved towards the town of Villefrance, and Belgian forces attacked Plantagenian forces for the first time since the Battle of Waldwisse. Their forces met right outside Villefrance, with marshal Louise Geloes-Randwijck and general Géraud de Faucigny facing off and in the end of the battle both sides took many casualties and there was no real winner. Both the Belgian Confederacy forces and Plantagenian forces retreated the next day after the battle. On the Vinlandic front the Belgians were defeated by a successful Vinlandic defense at the battle of Jämensberg.

1831: the War of the Double Alliance: After the Chancellor of the Belgian Confederacy died of old age, The Electoral Assembly elects marshal Louise Geloes-Randwijck as Chancellor of the Belgian Confederacy. With the Population exhausted of the war, diplomats from the Belgian Confederacy, the Republic of Vinland, and the Kingdom of Plantagenia met in the town of Løfby to discuss the terms of peace. After successful peace negotiations in Løfby the three parties made an agreement, Plantagenia would cede the state of Basse Valoisie to the Belgian Confederacy. The Plantagenians and Belgians also heavily pressured the Vinlandic representative during in-betweens of the peace negotiations to cede the state of Phillipa and many provinces in Carolina to the Belgians. Vinland didn't expect to surrender anything during the peace negotiations at all, which made the Vinlandic people, soldiers, and officials angry. This was known as the Baudissin incident after the Diplomat Alfred Baudissin, who was the representative they sent to the peace talks, and the one who signed the Treaty of Løfby, the treaty that ended the War of the double Alliance. After this the "Double Alliance" between Vinland and Plantagenia quickly broke down as Vinland Accused Plantagenia for throwing them under the bus during the peace negotiations, and after both of them failed to re-new the treaty later in October of 1831, the Alliance was officially dissolved.

1833: Mehmet revolts from the Ottoman Empire, Proclaims himself Sultan and founds the House of Alawiyya as Muhammad I. Ottoman & Hafsid Empires declare war on Egypt.

1834: Gran Colombian War of Independence: Castilla and Essequibo are established as independent republics within the Columbian Alliance, pushing Spain from the mainland. The Alliance begins the construction of a fleet, intending to sweep the Europeans from the Americas altogether.

1835: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The new Columbian Alliance fleet is smashed offshore near Havana, leading to a renewed Spanish invasion of the colonial mainland. Mexico, the dominant power within the Alliance, seizes control and establishes the state of Gran Columbia, removing the legal independence of the constituent Republics. Macedonian revolt: Macedonia begins its war for Independence against the Ottoman Empire, with tacit support from Aragon and Venice through the latter's holdings in Greece.


Timeline

In 2018, Cold War II officially starts with the formation of the Eurasian Union, the formation of a new global superpower to compete with the United States.

The first proxy war is on arrival in 2018 in Cuba, when Miguel Diaz-Canal would announce that Cuba would ally with China and the Eurasian Union against the United States and European Union. This would anger the Cuban people, as they fear it would isolate Cuba in the same way in which it happened in Cold War I when Cuba allied with the Soviet Union. A huge riot would occur in Havana, forcing Miguel Diaz-Canal to relocate from Havana to Matanzas. In Matanzas, the Civil War would officially start in early 2019. The United States and United Kingdom would support the rebels, and China would support the Cuban government, as the Eurasian Union would be dealing with problems in Ukraine. However, the US would send a fleet of submarines and aircraft carriers surrounding the island of Cuba to block off support from China, eventually leading China to withdraw from the war. With no support, Miguel Diaz-Canal is exiled to the Mensura National Park. In early 2020, his troops bomb the island of Puerto Rico, the first attack on US soil since 9/11, US sends a huge fleet to find Miguel Diaz-Canal. They finally find and assassinate him in 2021, and Cuba joins NATO.

The 2020s decade would be a decade of proxy wars. First one, other than the one in Cuba, would be in Ukraine in 2020 between separatists and the Ukrainian government, the US and its allies would support the government, while the EAU and its allies would support the separatists. The Ukrainian Government would win this war, making Ukraine join EU and NATO.

There would be a civil war in Greece in 2021 of split opinions on the people between support for the United States and support for the Eurasian Union. However, the Greek rebels would lose this war, and Greece would remain part of NATO, although would withdraw from the EU. This war wouldn't even last into the next year.

In 2021, war would break out between EAU supporting Armenia and USA supporting Azerbaijan. The United States would send their troops to bases in Azerbaijan and Georgia, and the Eurasian Union would send their troops to bases in Armenia. The war would end partially in an EAU victory, with the Eurasian Union annexing all of Azerbaijan, and annexing Abkhazia and South Ossetia from Georgia, but the rest of Georgia would stay independent and would join EU and NATO for security purposes.

In 2023, the Serbs would start attacking Kosovo, leading to a proxy war over there. Serbia is a Eurasian Union ally surrounded by United States allies, so it loses.

In 2025, Jim Webb leaves office, and Jeff Boss becomes president. Meanwhile, a civil war breaks out in India, split between those who support the United States and those that support the Eurasian Union. Jim Webb announces sending troops to India to fight in this Civil War. The Civil War in India would be a bloody tough battle for both sides. The NATO troops would decide in 2027 to take control of the closest ally of the EAU in the region, Nepal. However, this becomes unsuccessful, and the Nepalese, backed by the EAU and China, push the NATO soldiers back. The Civil War in India ends with a compromise to split the country.

Jeff Boss would not run for reelection, as his image would be destroyed by the Civil War in India, because most of the US civilian population would have not supported it. Tim Kaine, a Democrat, would win in 2028.

A war would break out in Uzbekistan in 2029, however, Kaine would send very little support, as Uzbekistan is not a close ally of the United States, and wouldn't be important if it became a US ally, Because of this, Uzbekistan falls, and is forced to cease its independence to the Eurasian Union.

In 2030, the Eurasian Union would start moving its troops into Afghanistan. The US would decide to get involved, until the Eurasian Union, China, and Iran start blocking off American, European, or British support. Afghanistan then falls to the Eurasian Union, and is the last country annexed by the Eurasian Union.

In 2032, war in Peru would break out, as disagreements between Colombia and Bolivia would lead to war between the two countries in 2031, and Peru, split on the matter, would see a Civil War. Colombia, the US, and allies would support Northern Peru, while Bolivia, the EAU, and allies would support Southern Peru. With this war in place, Tim Kaine is reelected. However, with limited support, Peru falls to Southern Peruvian control, and Peru becomes an ally of the Eurasian Union in 2035.

For the next 17 years from 2035-2052, the world would be in peace, both the United States and Eurasian Union would be preventing proxy wars rather than starting them. However, this would lead to fear in the US and allied countries that the EAU is developing something big, getting ready for a World War III. Scientists would start predicting that the world is ever-so close to the end.

In 2045, leaders of the United States, European Union, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Japan would meet with the leaders of the Eurasian Union and China at World War II cemeteries in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the 1945 end of World War II. This would be one of the only times the leaders of the United States and Eurasian Union would have a friendly encounter. They would also support the 100th anniversary of the United Nations.


Two Treaties

Moderate liberals had been trying to bring about a peaceful end to the war for some time. Although their cause was lost, they refused to consider an unconditional surrender: they wanted liberal representation in government as a minimum price for ending hostilities. The conservatives knew how weak the liberal position was and remained firm in their demands. The Treaty of Neerlandia, signed on October 24, 1902, was basically a cease-fire agreement that included the disarming of all liberal forces. The war was formally ended on November 21, 1902, when a second treaty was signed on the deck of the US warship Wisconsin.


36. The Gilded Age

From the ashes of the American Civil War sprung an economic powerhouse.

The factories built by the Union to defeat the Confederacy were not shut down at the war's end. Now that the fighting was done, these factories were converted to peacetime purposes. Although industry had existed prior to the war, agriculture had represented the most significant portion of the American economy.

After the war, beginning with the railroads, small businesses grew larger and larger. By the century's end, the nation's economy was dominated by a few, very powerful individuals. In 1850, most Americans worked for themselves. By 1900, most Americans worked for an employer.

The growth was astounding. From the end of Reconstruction in 1877 to the disastrous Panic of 1893 , the American economy nearly doubled in size. New technologies and new ways of organizing business led a few individuals to the top. The competition was ruthless. Those who could not provide the best product at the cheapest price were simply driven into bankruptcy or were bought up by hungry, successful industrialists.

The so-called captains of industry became household names: John D. Rockefeller of Standard Oil, Andrew Carnegie of Carnegie Steel, and J. Pierpont Morgan, the powerful banker who controlled a great many industries. Their tactics were not always fair, but there were few laws regulating business conduct at that time.


The "Molly Maguires" were a band of 19th century Irish immigrant laborers who struggled to survive in American industry. They organized labor unions and were not averse to violence, as this "coffin notice," delivered to three bosses, suggests.

Industrial Strength

Nevertheless, the American economy grew and grew. By 1914, the small nation once seen as a playground for European empires had now surpassed them all. The United States had become the largest industrial nation in the world.

However, the prosperity of America did not reach everyone. Amid the fabulous wealth of the new economic elite was tremendous poverty. How did some manage to be so successful while others struggled to put food on the table? Americans wrestled with this great question as new attitudes toward wealth began to emerge.

What role did the government play in this trend? Basically, it was pro-business. Congress, the Presidents, and the Courts looked favorably on this new growth. But leadership was generally lacking on the political level. Corruption spread like a plague through the city, state, and national governments. Greedy legislators and "forgettable" Presidents dominated the political scene.

True leadership, for better or for worse, resided among the magnates who dominated the Gilded Age.


21e. The Second War for American Independence


This engraving, The Taking of the City of Washington in America, illustrates British forces storming Washington D.C. in 1814 and burning several significant structures including the White House and the Library of Congress.

In the War of 1812 the United States once again fought against the British and their Indian allies. Some historians see the conflict as a Second War for American Independence.

Furthermore, the three-year war marks a traditional boundary between the early republic and early national periods. The former period had strong ties to the more hierarchical colonial world of the 18th century, while post-war developments would move in dynamic new directions that contributed to a more autonomous American society and culture. Although the War of 1812 serves as an important turning point in the development of an independent United States, the war itself was mostly a political and military disaster for the country.

The U.S. Congress was far from unanimous in its declaration of war. America's initial invasion of Canada (then ruled by England) in the summer of 1812 was repulsed by Tecumseh and the British. Although Tecumseh would be killed in battle the following fall, the U.S. was unable to mount a major invasion of Canada because of significant domestic discord over war policy. Most importantly, the governors of most New England states refused to allow their state militias to join a campaign beyond state boundaries. Similarly, a promising young Congressman from New Hampshire, Daniel Webster , actually discouraged enlistment in the U.S. army.


Fort McHenry is considered the "Home of the National Anthem" because it was here, during a battle in the War of 1812, that Francis Scott Key was inspired to write his famous poem.

British military dominance was even clearer in the Atlantic and this naval superiority allowed it to deliver a shaming blow to the fragile United States in the summer of 1814. With Napoleon's French forces failing in Europe, Britain committed more of its resources to the American war and in August sailed up the Potomac River to occupy Washington D.C. and burn the White House. On the edge of national bankruptcy and with the capital largely in ashes, total American disaster was averted when the British failed to capture Ft. McHenry that protected nearby Baltimore.

Watching the failed attack on Ft. McHenry as a prisoner of the British, Francis Scott Key wrote a poem later called " The Star-Spangled Banner " which was set to the tune of an English drinking song. It became the official national anthem of the United States of America in 1931.

The most critical moment of the War of 1812, however, may not have been a battle, but rather a political meeting called by the Massachusetts legislature. Beginning in December 1814, 26 Federalists representing New England states met at the Hartford Convention to discuss how to reverse the decline of their party and the region. Although manufacturing was booming and contraband trade brought riches to the region, " Mr. Madison's War " and its expenses proved hard to swallow for New Englanders.

Holding this meeting during the war was deeply controversial. Although more moderate leaders voted down extremists who called for New England to secede from the United States, most Republicans believed that the Hartford Convention was an act of treason.


State militia in New England refused to go into national service during the War of 1812.

Federalist New England's opposition to national policies had been demonstrated in numerous ways from circumventing trade restrictions as early as 1807, to voting against the initial declaration of war in 1812, refusing to contribute state militia to the national army, and now its representatives were moving on a dangerous course of semi-autonomy during war time.

If a peace treaty ending the War of 1812 had not been signed while the Hartford Convention was still meeting, New England may have seriously debated seceeding from the Union.


Contents

Chinese Reunification

In 2025, the People's Republic of China launched an invasion of the Republic of China, also known as Taiwan. The invasion lasted a mere twelve hours with only 200 non-lethal casualties on either side. Taiwan's lack of resistance was caused by Chinese economic pressures, causing falling GDP growth and a reduced military budget. The United States promised to protect Taiwan, but, due to its own financial difficulties caused by a recent recession, it could not back it. The Republic of China relocated first to Tokyo and then to Honolulu, Hawaii, where it would remain until the end of the war.

Chinese Imperialism

China began a policy of worldwide influence in 2013. Under President Xi Jinping, China launched the ambitious One Belt, One Road initiative, connecting countries with large infrastructure projects and loans. The loans became especially problematic when China began debt-trapping nations like Bangladesh and Angola, allowing them to negotiate deals like long-term port leases. In particular, Payra, Sri Lanka, and Chittagong, Bangladesh, were Indian Ocean ports leased to China. These ports contained China's People Liberation Army Garrisons and eventually became the bases for the Chinese Indian Ocean Fleet. Chinese influence also included large swaths of Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam, creating negative or vassal relations with each of these nations.

India-Pakistan Standoff

India and Pakistan had a mutual standoff since February 2019, when a car bomb exploded that killed forty Indian security officers. Jaish-e-Mohammad, an Islamic militant group, claimed responsibility for these attacks. However, India blames Pakistan, saying the government uses rebel groups to indirectly attack India, something denied by Pakistan. Mutual rounds of airstrikes and small firefights persisted for eleven years until the beginning of the war.

Syrian Civil War

In 2011, the Syrian Civil War commenced. After fifteen years of war, a peace agreement was signed in 2026. In this, a pro-NATO government was created in Syria, with certain portions of Syria and Iraq partitioned to be the independent nation of Kurdistan. This caused tense relations between Turkey, a nation struggling with its Kurdish minority, and the rest of NATO, leading to their withdrawal in 2027.

Venezuelan Civil War

Years of political turmoil led to the Venezuelan Civil War. The Government fought both anti-government rebels and a fascist group called the Sons of Bolivar. Eventually, after three years of conflict, the Sons of Bolivar won, declaring the Bolivarian Socialist Republic of Venezuela in 2022. This new republic quickly gained the recognition of Russia and China, while most of the world reluctantly accepted the new nation. Negotiating deals with these countries, Venezuela rapidly militarised, boasting the largest military in South America, challenging Brazil and Argentina. The militarisation also led to a revitalisation of the economy. Venezuela briefly became the second wealthiest nation in the Americas, only behind the United States and surpassing Canada.

Alliances

A tangled web of alliances began forming since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Years of interactions led to many unofficial alliances before a series of secret agreements formalised global alignments. NATO remained even after the conclusion of the Cold War and absorbed many former Warsaw Pact nations, like Poland and Ukraine. The Treaty of Shanghai of 2025 formalised a military alliance between China, Russia, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, and Venezuela. The Treaty of Calcutta formalised a military alliance between India and Vietnam. Vietnam later invited the Philippines and Indonesia to the alliance. Cambodia, Laos, and former Soviet states were observers to the Shanghai Pact. Venezuela later founded the Bolivarian Coalition with the Treaty of Caracas, consisting of Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. The nations that signed the Treaty of Shanghai later became known as the Eastern Powers, owing to the relative geographic location of the founding members. The Bolivarian Coalition became a cadet branch of the Shanghai Pact.


Peruvian and Columbian War Breaks Out - History

1990:
Start of the first Central American Conflict. U.S. engages in interventionist actions in Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador. Military forces are sent to secure the Canal Zone from an ex-U.S. puppet dictator.1,8,9

The US-EEC "Quiet War" begins. It will last until 1994.11

Jonathan Meta participates in "Operation Blind Faith," attempting to control the Panama Canal Zone.9


1991:
CHOOH2 developed by Biotechnica.1,8


1992:
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency develops and spreads several designer plagues worldwide, targeting coca and opium plants.1,8

Governments of Chile and Ecuador collapse.1

A savage drug war breaks out between EuroCorp-backed dealers and the DEA all over the Americas.1

Coup attempt in Venezuela fails, its leader, Hugo Chavez, assassinated in prison shortly after.



1993:

AV-4 aerodyne assault vehicle developed to deal with increasing riots in U.S. urban zones.1,8

Colombian druglords detonate small tactical nuclear device in New York City on December 7th . The bomb is detonated in the middle of the work week, destroying Carnegie Hall and Rockefeller Center, and gutting U.N. Headquarters. At least 15,000 killed are killed in the initial blast. Thousands more die and local government collapses over the next week as the city is abandoned. 1,2,8

1994:
World stock market crash of `94. U.S. economy teeters, then collapses. Other industrialized nations scramble for bigger markets and cheaper labor. EEC countries are not as hard hit as the rest of the west, due to internal trade. SEA countries thrive.1,6,8,9,11

1995
Earthquake destroys Mexico City.

Cenapa War between Peru and Ecuador erupts over long disputed border conflict in the Condor Mountain range, the situation is slow simmering but erupts into major conflict in 1998, and ends with total occupation of Ecuador by Peruvian and Columbian forces.

1996:
The collapse of the United States. Weakened by losses in world stock crash, overwhelmed by unemployment, homelessness and corruption, many city governments collapse or go bankrupt. The U.S. government, snarled in a staggering deficit and the machinations of the Gang of Four, is totally ineffective.1,9

On August 17th, U.S. President and Vice President are assassinated in separate incidents. With the Speaker of the House undergoing cardiac bypass surgery, the Senate President Pro Tem refuses to assume the presidency. Secretary of Defense Jonathan Seward, as ranking member of the executive branch, suspends the constitution and declares martial law. The "Gang of Four" (NSA, CIA, FBI, and DEA) operate with near total autonomy within the U.S. federal government.

Most of the U.S. military personell in Japan and Korea are withdrawn to the American mainland. 6

United States pulls all resources out of South America, In Panama a small military contingent and a skeleton crew of civilian contractors remain to act in an advisory capacity, but the actual defense and maintenance of the Panama Canal is turned over to Panama.

Royal Dutch Shell discovers oil near the Falkand Islands


1997:
The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff forms the MIC (Military Intelligence Cooperative) in an attempt to deal with the vast amount of duplication among the nine intel agencies in the U.S. military. The Gang of Four, assuming this act signals the discovery of its actions, begins sabotage efforts by delaying or withholding vital intel.8

The MIC, under the direction of de facto President Seward, begins investigation of the Gang of Four.8


In the U.S., COGs (Combined Operation Groups) are formed U.S. military reorganizes.8

Rumors abound of Castro's pancreatic cancer he doesn't recover and dies of complications. Many generals in the Castro government claim it was a CIA assassination.

Due to the Mid-East meltdown, Venezuela is now the largest oil supplier in the world.

Chiles Military Commander-In-Chief, and former president, Pinochet overthrows the Chilean govt. and proclaims himself President for life.

1998:
The Drought of `98 reduces most of the Midwest to parched grasslands. Between AgriBusiness Corps. and drought, the family farm all but disappears. American food exports end. To stabilize the New Central Europe (NCE) governments, the EEC ships food into major East European cities.1,11

The "Nights of Fire" (KGB coup) take place in the USSR. The Russian Mafia, supported by KGB splinter groups, increases its efforts to expand into the EEC. This is countered by EuroPol, which begins its own "Shadow War" against organized crime in foreign countries.11

Cartel leader Diego Macheza elected president of Bolivia, immediately legalizes and legitimizes cocaine-production.

Colombia, and Bolivia form the South American Alliance, quickly bringing Peru into the fold and forcing Ecuador to join as well. The Alliance is a conglomeration of Cartel controlled countries opposing the United States.

Haleys Dream incident, RN sinks Argentinian fishing vessel while on patrol in Drakes Passage.

Hurricane Mitch devastates Honduras

1999:
Panama, overburdened by the cost of defending the Canal, which is losing money hand over fist due to the inability to handle Post-Panamax class superships, again turns to the U.S. for military defense of the Canal and to fund the canals expansion to handle the larger vessels. Work begins immediately.


2000:
U.S. President Seward is killed with touring the country. He is replaced by General William Newell, the current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.8

The Aldecaldo Clan begins the reconstruction of Mexico City.9

2001:
After removing the corrupt regime in a bloodless coup, Jesus Espinoza of the newly formed Mexican Restoration party sweeps the presidential elections in a landslide victory, his party begins purging the corruption from the Mexican government. In a bold move, he also banishes all foreign corporations from the country for six years. Under his leadership, Mexico emerges from the collapse stronger than anyone could have imagined.

Suriname hit by the Wasting plague, with little access to the cure, its effects are devastating, killing 2 thirds of the population and leaving the country little more than a graveyard. Similar tragedies brought on by the plague occur all over Central and South America. The Caribbean is hit worst of all, with roughly 1 to 4 million lives estimated lost to the disease.

British-Argentinian crisis in 2000 over territorial dispute of the Falkland islands, after brief stand-off dispute quickly pacified, events lead directly to increased Euro Presence in the area, as well as arms European arms given sold at cut rate to Argentina.

2002:
Food crash mutated plant virus wipes out Canadian, Australian, and Soviet wheat crops. U.S. AgriBusiness crops survive due to new biological counteragent. U.S.S.R. accuses U.S. of biological warfare. Northern China becomes deserted and Southern China's population explodes as everyone from the wheat-growing north flees to the embattled, rice-growing south. Southern China, Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam make record profits exporting rice, seafoods, and synthetic foodstuffs.1,6,8,9

Huge sections of the Pacific Northwest are tilled over to farmland. The Jodes go back to agricultural labor for a time.9

In an effort to decrease Spanish influence in the country, the Portuguese government contracts all police and defense services to two foreign corporations: Amazonian Security and Arasaka. This "Sell Out" initially does not concern the EC.11

The PLA forms a bio-research center to try and neutralize the Food Crash plague.6

October 8th, rebels storm an EDF guarded warehouse in Kingston Jamaica, killing several EDF soldiers and stealing large amounts of the Wasting Plague Vaccine. The situation quickly escalates into armed confrontations between rebels and EDF forces sent to bring peace to the country.


2003:
Venezuela erupts into civil war

Second Central American war. U.S. invades Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The war is a disaster that costs thousands of American lives.1,8,9

Many EEC weapons manufacturers record giant profits selling weapons to South American governments.11

WNS media star Tesla Johanneson exposes secret NSA transcripts of the First Central American Conflict.1,8

A cyber enhanced Special Forces Unit, codenamed The Jackhammers, consisting of 20 volunteers, is introduced into the Central American theater, to carry out "proactive" operations against the various drug cartels. During the year, they are functional, they carry out 18 successful "Black" operations in the field. However, they're also used to beta-test experimental Combat Drugs & Cyberware. As a result, they become increasingly Cyberpsychotic, & are "Withdrawn" from the field. This is effectively imprisonment, in a continental U.S military facility. In addition to this, due to the novelty of the situation, they're effectively treated as "Lab rats" by the scientific personnel at the facility, & as such, are given no treatment for their psychological problems. As a result, they make a escape attempt, which is successful, but at the cost of 2 of the team's lives. 16

Guantánamo Bay Naval Base becomes base of operations in 2nd SouthAm war, in Cuba.

Governor-General of Jamaica assassinated, soon after, the Cedar Valley Massacre of Jamaican protesters by EDF troops is caught on tape and broadcast worldwide. Under threat of American intervention, Europe withdraws completely from Jamaica. Jamaica declares itself completely independent.

2004:
Tesla Johanneson assassinated in Cairo.1,8

The Gang of Four is wiped out in an Army-CIA counter-coup.1,8

Golden Triangle drug plantations nearly wiped out by DEA virus attack.6

2006:
The US liberates Ecuador from the South American Alliance and all Cartel forces are driven out of the country, this is seen as one of the United Sates few unquestionable victories in the conflict.

2006:
Full cyberlimbs are now in use with all U.S. military forces.8

2007
Chilean dictator President Pinochet, is assassinated. Under a wave of suspicion his right hand man Juan Contreras assumes power, eliminating all pre-text of democracy.

2008:
The joint conglomeration of Biotechnica, Arasaka, EBM, SOVOil, Multi-foods, and Net54 collectively fund the campaign of presidential candidate Juan Imez, while simultaneously smearing his opponents to such a degree that his win is a sure thing. After he wins they use this political influence to virtually stage a hostile takeover of the country.

CIA forces mobilize agents to Cuba to try and control the government forces, forcing a pro-American regime. Street protests begin in Havana, orchestrated by both Hardliners and CIA plants, riots occur in some areas.

2009:
Crystal Palace failed assault, CIA review board planned by Washington.

2010:
End of Second Central American Conflict. The U.S. government, almost totally bankrupt, simply maroons half a million nomad workers and so-called "civilian contractors" in South America. They begin the "Long Walk" back to the U.S. A little over 10% are still alive with they reach the States in 2011-2012. 1,8,9

Purging occurs of spies in Cuba. Havana Massacre occurs.
The Panama Canal is overtaken by mercenaries during the long walk. The canal expansion project, now 78% complete loses all funding from U.S. bringing work to a complete halt. This move is seen as a major embarrassment to the U.S.

2011:

A large group of renegade "civilian contractors," under the leadership of John Meta, hijack several ships and an abandoned oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico. Pirates call the flotilla MetaKey.9

Raul Castro extends offer to the EU to get around U.S. embargo.

Juan Macheza declares himself President for Life in Bolivia.

2012:
EU gives Cuba trading rights and is put on trial basis for induction into the EU.

Shamus Mandrake unites the rogue islands of the Caribbean under his flag, the Islas De La Sangre, the largest confederation of pirates in history, is born.

2013:
Treat-Davies Act is signed, re-establishing diplomatic relations with most Central and South American countries.

The rebuilding of Mexico City is completed.9

The years 2013-2014 are called "the Tribulations" by the nomad community. The combination of a more competitive nomad economy and the influx of new nomads from the Long Walk leads to increased government attention (and pressure).9

Panama and the Mercenaries controlling the Canal reach an agreement with the EEC, who agrees to fund the completion of the canals expansion. The mercenaries controlling the canal receive funding and supples from the EEC, and are legitimized as the Independent Canal Military Forces.

2014:
Vatican III: neo-Catholic Reformation. Celibacy is abolished and women may finally be ordained priests. In Poland, the Church of Poland is founded, splitting off from the Vatican. Various splinter-sects form world wide in response.8,11

Brazil outlaws all combat cybernetics and any cyber which exceeds human ability.

2015:
In Colombia, Bogota finally falls to Control of the Medellin Cartel, The head of the cartel is rumored to have taken over the Cathedral of Bogota as his own private headquarters. In Response the Cali cartel head takes the isolated cathedral at Narino as its own stronghold. In Colombia, Cartegena is now the only city left with any semblance of government.

Cuban military modernizes. CIA renews interest in Cuba.

Nanite Disassembler tragedy in Torreon Mexico, resulting in 80+ dead, and the permanent banning of Biotechnica from Mexican soil.

Venezuela captures and executes an EDF spy on international television.

Venezuela invades Guyana, claiming all lands west of the Essequibo river, settling the decades long border dispute militarily while the rest of the world was too busy to notice.

2016:
Cartels in Cuba, media scandal. Raul Castro dies. Cuba becomes Democratic.

2017:
Arasaka absorbs Amazonian Securities in a hostile takeover, completely replacing them in their home country of Brazil, but in a brilliant move allowing them to operate independently in Portugal to ease public reaction.

Corporate privatization of Cuban government resources. Street protests begin by Cuban citizens.

2018:
Illegal cyber clinics and drug bars open up throughout Cuba.

2019:
Expansion of the Canal is complete. In a brazen move, the Independent Canal Military Forces controlling the Canal close their doors to all U.S. bound ships, forcing them to reroute all the way around South America. The United States tries negotiation, leading to a 6 month stalemate, culminating in the U.S. declaring War on the I.C.M.F. in late November.

Street wars divide parts of Cuba and foreign business suffers routine attacks from Cuban revolutionaries.

Northern Nicaragua and Guatemala join the SAA (South American Alliance). Intelligence reports that SAA representatives are actively in negotiations with El Salvador, Venezuela, and the ICMF controlling the Panama Canal.

2020:
Euro Navy operating in the region of Drake's Passage, arrests a Panama's banner freighter, carrying a number of chemical WMD containers (note: a port of origin, possibly in S.America, required) destined to Africa. Whereas the cause itself is just, the event goes widely publicised worldwide, and it becomes clear for everyone that Euros have an possibility of blocking this tight spot completely. US gov. protests against "European military presence in the Antarctican waters", calling the old UN treaty on demilitarization of Antarctica as their backing.

December 28, Third Central American Conflict begins. Ostensibly an attempt by the U.S. provisional government to crush the rise of new drug lords and their "designer" synthetic drug labs, and once again retake the Panama Canal. This rapidly becomes a corporate circus, with the jungles of Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Peru, Bolivia, Guatemala, Columbia, and Venezuela being used as showrooms for the latest in military hardware. Hundreds of locals die every month in what are termed "raids on drug cartel strongholds and sympathizers."

1. CP2020 Rulebook, pages 176-179.
2. Corporation Report 2020, Vol. 1, pages 9-10, 47-50.
3. Corporation Report 2020, Vol. 2, pages 7-9, 43-44.
4. Corporation Report 2020, Vol. 3, pages 4-9, 12-14, 50-53.
5. Deep Space, pages 6-9.
6. Pacific Rim Sourcebook, pages 7-8, 44, 60, 84, 110-111.
7. Land of the Free, pages 8-9.
8. Home of the Brave, pages 6-7, 105-114, 131-132.
9. Neo Tribes, pages 6-8.
10. Rache Bartmoss' Guide to the Net, page 8.
11. Eurosource Plus, pages 29-30, 52, 96, 118.
12. Rough Guide to the UK, pages pg.3, 5-6, 17, 21, 26, 61, 117, 118, 121.
13. Protect and Serve, page 59.
14. Night City, pages 33-34.
15. Live & Direct, pages 38, 40-42, 42-43,
16. V3 Cyberpunk gangbook

WRITTENBY
Deric "Wisdom000" Bernier
Myself
Citizen X
Mike Van Atta
Cernig
Stray Catalyst
Psychophipps
Companero
Destecado
Dog Soldier
Mort
Bookwyrm
Ash
Hooplah
Cameron "Bonedaddy" Jacobs


Cholera Kills 1,100 in Peru and Marches On, Reaching the Brazilian Border

A fast-moving cholera epidemic that has killed 1,100 Peruvians and sickened 150,000 since January has spread to Ecuador and Colombia. Isolated cases have been reported in Chile and the United States, but perhaps the greatest concern is for Brazil, Latin America's most populous nation.

"It's gigantic," said Myron M. Levine, an American epidemiologist who has studied cholera epidemics in Asia and Africa over the last 20 years. "It's really a big epidemic."

In the first major outbreak in the Americas in this century, cholera has found in South America a population that has little natural resistance and is highly vulnerable because of a widespread lack of clean drinking water and proper sewage disposal.

The results can be seen in the crowded cholera wards of the state-run Dos de Mayo Hospital in Lima, the Peruvian capital. Earlier this month, cholera admissions hit 162 a day, going off the upper edge of a blackboard chart maintained by the hospital director. A Fateful Cup of Tea

"I bought a cup of herbal tea from a street vendor, and an hour later I was throwing up," said Oscar Clemente Paredes Rosales, interviewed in his hospital bed as an overhead serum bottle dripped dextrose solution into his right arm. Mr. Paredes, a 33-year-old truck driver, lay in a former women's ward recently relabeled "Cholera II" by a hurried staff member.

His wife, Maria Elena, said, "Two people on our block died of cholera." Residents of their shantytown neighborhood draw water from a communal well.

Disease control experts are largely at a loss to explain why cholera has returned to South America in the first epidemic since 1895. In the 1970's, the disease spread from West Africa down to Angola, a former Portuguese colony. Epidemiologists expected it to jump across the South Atlantic to Portuguese-speaking Brazil, but the South American epidemic never happened.

Spread largely by contact with human feces, the cholera bacillus can kill a person in 10 hours. Through vomiting and diarrhea, infected people can lose 10 percent of their weight in one night. The disease is easily treated with rehydration salts and intravenous solutions, but in remote areas many Peruvians are 10 hours from an adequately supplied health clinic.

The speed and destructiveness of the disease in Peru is a reflection of the explosion of the urban poor there. From a city of one million people in the 1950's, Lima has grown to seven million people, about one third of Peru's population.

With terrorism, hyperinflation and foreign debt obligations causing the economy to shrink in recent years, the city government can barely maintain existing water and sewer systems, much less expand the network of pipes to half of the city that now does without.

Cholera bacteria spread in February to neighboring Ecuador. With the disease now present in half of Ecuador's 21 provinces, health officials there say that 3,500 people have fallen ill with cholera and 18 have died. The Ecuadorean Medical Federation, a private group, says the real toll is 5,000 ill and over 100 dead.

In March, the epidemic moved up the Pacific coast to Colombia, reaching two ports, then jumped 450 miles inland to the Amazon territory of Guaviare. So far, 113 Colombians have fallen ill, and 2 have died.

This week, one confirmed case was reported in Santiago, Chile. In the United States, one confirmed case of cholera and two suspected cases have been linked the Peru outbreak.

Epidemiologists interviewed here said they saw no reason why the disease should not continue to spread, hitting Brazil and Central America. Disease's Route Is 'Guesswork'

"There is no mechanism to avoid that it goes to other countries," said Carlos M. Cuneo, an Argentine sanitation expert who represents the Pan American Health Organization here.

Dr. Levine, who works for the University of Maryland School of Medicine, cautioned, "It's pure guesswork as to where it is going."

Today, Brazilians' fears materialized after Brazil's Health Ministry reported one confirmed case and three suspected cases in Tabatinga and Benjamin Constant, Amazon border towns that trade heavily with Colombia and Peru.

The nightmare for Brazilian doctors, who have flocked to Lima recently on study missions, is that the epidemic will spread through the Amazon to the slums of Brazil's overcrowded coastal cities. Many health authorities fear that in the warm, unsanitary slums of Brazil and Peru, cholera could become endemic, recurring year after year as it does in India and Bangladesh.

About 20 percent of cholera victims need hospitalization. With the Health Ministry in Lima reporting 147,980 cases, 600,000 additional Peruvians are, or have been, "healthy carriers" -- people who are infected but show no symptoms. With many hospital workers on strike in April, cases are believed to be underreported by as much as 10 percent.

In general, experts praise Peru's doctors for keeping the death rate at under 1 percent, well below the 8 percent average for cholera epidemics in Bangladesh. On the other hand, the experts have criticized Peru's political leadership for seeking to minimize the epidemic to reduce its impact on Peru's food and tourism industries.

"The public information campaign was a disaster," said Uriel Garcia Caceres, a medical doctor who served as Peru's Health Minister in the early 1980's.

Evidently under pressure from Peru's powerful fishing industry, President Alberto K. Fujimori, his wife, Susana, and his ministers of fisheries and of agriculture went on television eating ceviche, a dish prepared by marinating raw fish in lemon juice. Trying to revive tourism, the President also played host to 20 foreign correspondents for a lunch of ceviche and sashimi at a beachfront restaurant.

Within days, hospital admissions for cholera soared. One patient reportedly was the Fisheries Minister, Felix Canal, who spent a week in a military hospital. Through a spokesman, the minister denied that he had fallen ill with cholera, saying he had a bad case of laryngitis. ⟎viche War' Breaks Out

In what became known as the "ceviche war," Health Minister Carlos Vidal Layseca resigned in mid-March, charging, "There is one ceviche for the rich, and another ceviche for the poor."

With confusing messages coming from the authorities, the epidemic took on a second life during the Easter Week holiday here, when people traditionally eat fish and travel through the country visiting relatives.

In March the epidemic took root in the central Andes, and in April it started to descend into Peru's Amazon. In Iquitos, the largest Amazon city, there have been 418 cases and 18 deaths. U.S. Case Linked to Peru

In the United States, one case of cholera has been traced to the epidemic in Peru, the Federal Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta said. An American physician visiting Lima contracted the disease this month after eating undercooked crabmeat and drinking contaminated water. Two cases of severe diarrhea in Miami among people who recently visited South America are being investigated by the centers, but cholera has not been confirmed.

"I would not be surprised to see a number of cases of cholera in Americans traveling to South America, but I don't expect really large numbers," said Dr. Paul Blake, an epidemiologist at the centers.

He said travelers should not drink untreated water and should eat cooked foods while they are still hot. Ice cubes should also be avoided.

"It is very unlikely that cholera will reach epidemic proportions in the United States," Dr. Blake said, "because although our water and sewer systems are not perfect, they are good enough to make us unreceptive to mass transmission of the disease."