Pompeii Pendant - Museum Jewelry Collection
Exotic and antiqued, this pendant necklace features images of tiles found in the lost Roman city of ancient Pompeii. This necklace, handmade by skilled artisans in the USA, has a petite crystal at its center to draw the eye and add subtle shine. Pair it with capris and a flowing top for an earthy vibe or try it with an elegant shift dress for a polished look.
Handmade in the U.S.A, the pieces of our Museum Jewelry Collection are uniquely detailed with either 22K gold leaf or sterling silver and are inspired by the history of art ranging from the traditional and ancient to the modern and contemporary. Our Pompeii Pendant is truly a wearable masterpiece!
22K gold leaf
1.5" pendant disc
17" long 14K gold plated chain
Please Note: As a handmade item made in the USA, this item may take a few additional days of processing.
HSC Ancient History Pompeii and Herculaneum Practice Questions:
Question 1 (3 Marks)
Outline the evidence for Egyptian influences at Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Question 2 (4 Marks)
Describe the natural features and geographical setting of the Campania region.
Question 3 ( 5 Marks)
How did the eruption of Mount Vesuvius affect the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum?
Question 4 (5 Marks)
What has modern archaeology reveal ed about the diet of the citizens of Pompeii and Herculaneum?
Question 5 ( 6 Marks)
Describe the leisure activities which were practised at Pompeii and Herculaneum. Use S ource A and your own knowledge.
Painting on marble of women playing knuckles, Herculaneum.
Question 6 (6 Marks)
How useful is Source B as evidence for the social status and role of women in Pompeii and Herculaneum?
‘ Eumachia , daughter of Lucius, a public priestess, in her own name, and in the name of her son, Murcus Numistrius Fronto , made the chalcidicum , the crypta and the porticus with her own money and dedicated the same to Concordia Augusta and to Pietas. ‘
Inscription on the Building of Eumachia , Pompeii
Question 7 ( 6 Marks)
Assess the values and limitations of Source C as evidence for foreign influences on religion.
Question 8 ( 8 Marks)
What does the evidence reveal about political structure in Pompeii and Herculaneum?
Question 9 (8 Marks)
D iscuss the Italian and international contributions to the conservation of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Question 1 0 (10 Marks)
To what extent does Source D and E provide a comprehensive understanding of the lives of slaves in Pompeii and Herculaneum? Support your answer with reference to these and other relevant sources.
Gold bracelet inscribed “from the master to his slave girl” found in Pompeii
Fresco depicting slaves at work, Herculaneum
Question 11 (13 Marks)
Discuss the ethical issues relating to the study and display of human remains in Pompeii and Herculaneum. In your answer refer to Source F and your own knowledge.
Skeletons in a Herculaneum Boathouse
Question 1 2 (1 2 Marks)
What contributions have archaeologists made to understanding of Pompeii and Herculaneum since the 1900s ?
Question 1 3 (1 5 Marks)
W hat do Sources G and H reveal about trade and commerce in Pompeii and Herculaneum? Support your answer with reference to these and other relevant sources.
Modern Diagram of the Forum in Pompeii
Building remains in Herculaneum
Question 14 (15 Marks)
Assess the values and limitations of Sources I and J as evidence for religion and daily life in Pompeii and Herculaneum. In your response, refer the sources and your own knowledge.
Lararium at the House of Vettii, Pompeii
Mosaic depicting Neptune and h is wife Amphitrite, in the dining room of the House of Neptune and Amphitrite, Herculaneum.
Question 15 (15 Marks)
Assess the impact s of new research and technologies in the changing interpretations of Pompeii and Herculaneum .
Don’t forget to download your practice Section 1 of the new HSC Ancient History Paper below!
Download your practice HSC Ancient History Paper, Section One here!
Being under the influence of the Etruscans the early Romans must have seen the splendid examples of the artists of their northern neighbors. Yet, examples of Roman jewelry from this early period (7th-1st century BC) are extremely rare. Gold was very scarce and the little gold that existed was used for trading and warfare rather than personal adornment. The use of gold in jewelry was officially discouraged.
Roman Amethyst, Emerald, Blue Glass, and Gold Necklace c.3rd Century.
Victoria & Albert Museum Collection.
610gm solid gold bracelet found on the remains of a woman, Pompeii, AD 79. [2853x2853] [OC]
It looks like the eyes of the snake heads are set with small stones as well. Neat!
It's reassuring to know that the Romans could craft the most miniature eyes in gold better than I can draw them.
What's the image of?A goddess?
Amazing - thanks for posting.
Melt value of that gold today is just over $25k
The historic value of the bracelet would probably jack up the price even more.
So where is the line between archeology and grave robbing?
I think when it comes to Pompeii, grave robbing IS archaeology.
If you want to know, f.e. about the burrying rituals in ancient Egypt the only source available is "grave robbing"
Considering the amount of cool stuff that people in the past tended to have put in graves, and add to that the information you can extract from human remains, archaeology would be pretty boring without grave robbing.
Having 0 experience or knowledge on the subject, I would say if the relic ends up in a museum or lab to be studied, it's archeology.
If they are finding stuff and immediately sending it to an auction house it would be grave robbing.
I have to agree this was probably something precious to some one I wouldn't want someone to dig up my grandfather to nab his free drink token he was buried with for future generations to speculate "This culture obviously held drinking alcohol as a ceremonial rite of passing over into the unknown".
the line is professionalism. Archaeologists carefully record everything they can about context and provenance in the interest of learning more about the past. They take extreme measures to ensure preservation of sites and objects. Grave robbers just take valuable objects and sell them on the market. There’s a huge difference.
ROME - Jewels and paintings of the House of the Golden Bracelet, silver tableware found years ago in Moregine, and a unique crater in bronze by Giulio Polibio are some of the things to be seen in the soon to be reopened Antiquarium of Pompeii.
There is also the charcoal writing that shifted the date of the eruption to October, the "witch's treasure" with coloured amulets found in the House with a Garden, as well as the casts of two fleeing people, a result of excavations a few months ago in the Civita Giuliana villa.
A week before the first reopening to the public, Pompeii has revealed its new Antiquarium, renovated and transformed into a true museum of the city telling its history, from the Samnite period to its destruction in 79 AD.
At the same time it will be exhibiting its most valuable treasures alongside a large portion of the most famous discoveries of the latest excavations.
The inauguration is scheduled for January 25.
"Many of the iconic pieces exhibited in the shows around the world were not actually available for Pompeii visitors,'' ANSA was told by Luana Toniolo, archaeological official and head of the new Antiquarium. "For security reasons there were held in our storage rooms." Now, instead, they will be on display alongside a "chat bot", or digital assistant, to convey the various seasons experienced by Pompeii before it became the large city that we know through its crystalization at the time of the eruption.
Pompeii director Massimo Osanna stressed that "Pompeii finally has a museum, and it is a unique one".
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Archaeologists discovered an invaluable cache of ritual artifacts at Pompeii
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Crystals, amber, amethyst, phallic amulets, glass beads, figurines, and a miniature human skull were among the many artifacts archaeologists uncovered from an excavation site at Pompeii recently. The objects were probably left behind by someone fleeing the famous volcanic eruption in 79 AD—possibly even a sorceress. The various objects will be displayed at the Palastra Grande in Pompeii later this year.
“They are objects of everyday life in the female world and are extraordinary because they tell micro-stories and biographies of the inhabitants of the city who tried to escape the eruption,” Massimo Osanna, general director of the Archaeological Park of Pompeii, said in a statement.
The catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD wiped out several nearby towns and killed thousands of people. The eruption released 100,000 times the thermal energy of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, ejecting many tons of molten rock, pumice, and hot ash over the course of two days. In the first phase, immediately after the eruption, a long column of ash and pumice blanketed the surrounding towns, most notably Pompeii and Herculaneum. By late night or early morning, pyroclastic flows (fast-moving hot ash, lava fragments, and gases) swept through and obliterated what remained, leaving the bodies of the victims frozen in seeming suspended action.
The only surviving eyewitness account is that of Pliny the Younger, who wrote two letters to his friend, the historian Tacitus, describing the cataclysmic event. He described "broad sheets of flame" visible from Vesuvius and a rain of ash blanketing the area like snow. He and his uncle, Pliny the Elder, also witnessed a dense cloud "filled with earth and cinders" rising above the mountain like a pine tree, "for it shot up to a great height in the form of a tall trunk, which spread out at the top as though into branches."
Reconstructions of the eruption and its effects vary considerably in the details but have the same overall features. The eruption lasted for two days. The morning of the first day, August 24, was perceived as normal by the only eyewitness to leave a surviving document, Pliny the Younger, who at that point was staying at Misenum, on the other side of the Bay of Naples, about 19 miles from the volcano, which may have prevented him from noticing the early signs of the eruption. He was not to have any opportunity, during the next two days, to talk to people who had witnessed the eruption from Pompeii or Herculaneum (indeed he never mentions Pompeii in his letter), so he would not have noticed early, smaller fissures and releases of ash and smoke on the mountain, if such had occurred earlier in the morning.
Around 1:00 p.m., Mount Vesuvius violently exploded, throwing up a high-altitude column from which ash began to fall, blanketing the area. Rescues and escapes occurred during this time. At some time in the night or early the next day, August 25, pyroclastic flows in the close vicinity of the volcano began. Lights seen on the mountain were interpreted as fires. People as far away as Misenum fled for their lives. The flows were rapid-moving, dense, and very hot, knocking down wholly or partly all structures in their path, incinerating or suffocating all population remaining there and altering the landscape, including the coastline. These were accompanied by additional light tremors and a mild tsunami in the Bay of Naples. By evening of the second day the eruption was over, leaving only haze in the atmosphere, through which the sun shone weakly.
Pliny the Younger wrote an account of the eruption:
Motifs in Georgian Jewelry
Popular motifs included flowers, crescents, ribbons, bows, leaves, feather plumes, and sprays of foliage. Enameling and glass overlays were also popular.
Until 1750, the Baroque style dominated, with its total symmetry and heavy ornateness. After 1750, the emergence of Rococo style brought open, light, and asymmetrical lines to jewelry.
Notable archeological discoveries as well as wars also affected Georgian jewelry motifs. From 1706 to 1814, the ruins of Pompeii were excavated. In the 1760s, Roman and Greek motifs, such as Greek keys and laurel and grape leaves, were all the rage. (Today, this Neo-Classical Georgian jewelry is very much in demand). The news and discoveries of Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign (1798-1799) brought pyramids and papyrus leaves as motifs into Georgian jewelry. His European wars inspired Fer de Berlin jewelry.
Fer de Berlin earrings with intricate scroll designs, iron with black lacquer coating, 1830. Photo courtesy of the Antique Jewellery Company.
The History of Jewelry: Why do we wear jewelry?
Many of us wear jewelry every day without a second thought, but it’s an interesting question considering how this habit of jewelry wearing began. What was the meaning of jewelry to our earlier ancestors and how did the history of jewelry wearing begin?
It seems that the history of jewelry began around 75,000 years ago, which is the approximate date of the first known jewelry pieces that have been found. The earliest pieces of jewelry were animal hide, leather or reeds decorated with things like animal teeth, bones, feathers, shells, pebbles and berries. Amongst the prehistoric findings exist crude necklaces, bracelets and beads. What possessed our ancestors to make these objects?
Any answers can only be theories, but human nature today and our documented history may help to uncover the reason why the human race likes to adorn their bodies with jewelry.
Once “lower needs” like basic survival needs are satisfied, there are “higher needs” that begin to rear their heads
The famous Maslow pyramid of our Hierarchy of Needs shows that as humans, we have several layers of needs that have to be met in order for us to feel fulfilled with our lives. At the very basic level are our physiological needs, like hunger and thirst. Above this is our need to ensure our safety, which would have involved our ancestors building shelter and finding ways to stay safe from predators. Beyond these basic levels begin some of our higher needs, and precisely these may have contributed to the rise of jewelry wearing.
Wearing jewelry to appeal to potential mates
One of our higher needs according to Maslow’s pyramid is our “social needs”, which also include our romantic interactions to some extent (although romance also falls into a slightly lower level need to reproduce).
Many animals have natural inbuilt displays to attract the opposite sex. One of the most famous is the peacock with its spectacular fan of colorful feathers. It may be that jewelry was our ancestors’ equivalent to the peacock’s feather fan. It may have played a part in attracting more attention of mates in early humans. Certainly a human decorated with something would logically draw more attention than a fellow unadorned human. Wearing jewelry may well have started as an attempt at beautification and attempting to enhance attractiveness for the purposes of securing a mate.
It is interesting to note that many of the body locations where we wear jewelry even today are strongly sexual:
- Necklaces draw attention towards the breasts
- Earrings direct the eyes to the erogenous region of the ears
- Belly rings attract the eye towards the belly button, another strongly reproduction-related part of the body connected to the location of the growing baby and its birth.
Wearing jewelry as a sign of social status
The higher human need for social and self-esteem fulfilment sometimes comes with a desire for positive social recognition and status.
In the early prehistoric times, jewelry might have been seen as a novel, creative innovation, marking the wearer as a type of pioneer. Perhaps someone who was clever enough to create jewelry with tools was also a dab hand at using tools for more practical things which would have raised their status in society.
As the history of jewelry progressed through time and more ornate materials began to be used, the significance of jewelry shifted from a display of “usefulness in society because of creative skills”, to become an expression of wealth and success, another quality that demonstrated social status. The richer the family, the more ornate the jewelry, with kings and emperors being the most opulently decorated.
Again, the need to exhibit wealth and social status can be linked to the more basic need of attracting a mate. Giving expensive gifts of jewelry was also associated with people of high status. Although it can purely be a symbol of your love for a person, it could also be a symbol of a provider’s capability to take care of their mate financially.
Social status is not only associated with wealth, success and skill, sometimes it’s also to do with “who you know”. Jewelry served its role here too as group members marked their affiliation with a certain group by wearing matching jewelry. Ancient groups and societies have done this in the past, and in modern times, groups like university fraternities may still wear jewelry for this purpose. The need to affiliate with a group in this way is partly for securing a certain social status and partly to secure our need to belong. Best friends or couples who each wear half of a heart on a pendant to demonstrate their relationship are demonstrating their joy at fulfilling their sense of belonging.
Wearing jewelry to satisfy the need of self-expression
As our ancestors became more self-aware and began thinking more about who they are and their identity as individuals, jewelry became a means of self-expression a means of showing the world more about who they were.
Professor Zilhao, professor of paleolithic archaeology at the University of Bristol notes that since prehistoric times, age, sex, family, clan affiliation, status and more may have been communicated through jewelry.
Today jewelry is still used as a means of self-expression. The designs you choose can be delicate or bold, colorful or subdued, intricate and expensive or economical and simple. Symbols on pieces of jewelry each carry their own meaning too, projecting a message about you to the world, whether you send out this messages intentionally or not. In a way, jewelry can be seen as a small reflection of a person’s personality.
Not only can wearing jewelry be an act of expressing who you are, giving jewelry can also serve as a way of telling people how you feel expressing your love and affection for a person with a gesture rather than with words, or even expressing your emotions through a piece of jewelry’s colors and symbols.
Wearing religious symbols in jewelry is another type of self-expression, this time of your devotion and beliefs. It may additionally serve the purpose of helping a person feel more connected to the divine and it acts as a reminder to them to stay on their religious path.
Wearing jewelry in order to gain from its energy and power
For thousands of years, human beings have attached significance and meaning to certain gemstones, metals and pieces of jewelry. The Ancient Egyptians made many amulets and talismans with all sorts of imbued magical and supernatural powers.
Some jewelry pieces were purposefully made with gemstones or beads that were said to be good luck, whilst others were believed to have powers of healing, or serving other more specific purposes from enhancing well-being to bringing love into your life, or even to protect you from serpent bites or thunderstorms.
Religious pendants can also be used by people for protective purposes. For example jewelry with the image of Saint Christopher, the saint of travellers are sometimes worn by people who go on expeditions to sheild them from harm’s way, and some people who work in the emergency services wear Saint Jude jewelry, the saint of lost causes and desperate situations, in the hope that it would improve the chances of survival of some of the people they are trying to save.
The concept of the birthstone also arose, as well as the theory of crystal healing and chakra color therapy, all of which can utilize the wearing of jewelry. Some of these ancient beliefs in the power of crystals, gemstones and metals still exists to this day.
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